Urban Form and Design - Course Review

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Urban Form and Design - Course Review

  1. 1. PLAN 4003: Urban Form & Design Week 14: COURSE REVIEW Anuradha Mukherji Assistant Professor of Urban and Regional Planning
  2. 2. Piazza Del Campidoglio (Rome, Italy), Michelangelo, 1537, Italian Renaissance This image is attributed to Society of Architectural Historians @ 2011 (CC BY-NC 2.0)
  3. 3. Piazza Del Campidoglio (Rome, Italy)/Capitoline Hill, Michelangelo, 1537, Italian Renaissance This image is attributed to Giulio Menna @ 2010 (CC BY-ND 2.0)
  4. 4. Haussmannization of Paris (Transformation of a Medieval City) This image is attributed to Mark Jaroski @ 2004 (CC BY-SA 2.5)
  5. 5. Haussmannization of Paris (Transformation of a Medieval City) This image is attributed to John McNab @ 2010 (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
  6. 6. Haussmannization of Paris (Transformation of a Medieval City)
  7. 7. Haussmannization of Paris (Transformation of a Medieval City)
  8. 8. Ohio Works of the Carnegie Steel Co., Youngstown, Ohio, 1910 These images are attributed to Haines Photo Co. @ 1919 (PD-US-1923) and Seattle Engineering Co. (PD-US-1923) Seattle Railroad, 1900
  9. 9. Urban Tenements This image is in the public domain (PD-US-1923)
  10. 10. This image is attributed to Public Domain (PD-US-1923) Frederick Law Olmstead, 1895 Portrait by John Singer Sargent (1856-1925) URBAN PARKS MOVEMENT - Urban parks formalized as public space or recreational area - Response to worsening urban conditions - Links with public health - Aligned with democratic ideals, open to all - Parks for the public - Move away from formalized, rationalized geometric designs, more organic instead - Parks as the ‘lungs of the city’, bringing clean air and sunlight into dirty grimy industrial city - Parks provided recreational opportunities and an ‘outlet’ for the stresses of city life
  11. 11. Central Park, New York City (Designed by Frederick Law Olmstead & Calvert Vaux, 1858, 843 acre)
  12. 12. Garden City – Self sufficient unit This image is attributed to Public Domain (PD-US-1923) IDEA OF THE GARDEN CITY - Ebenezer Howard – Town-Country Magnet - Overcrowding an urban ill - Cities attractive due to higher wages and social opportunities, recreation - Hardship in cities – high rents, prices, long work hours, commuting distance, isolation and alienation, health hazards - Rural life beautiful - offers land, fresh air, water, sunshine - Rural less compelling – dull and lack of economic opportunities - Combining features of urban and country life to achieve balanced lifestyles and best of both - Self contained garden cities of 30,000 people around a larger central city - Cities with higher wages, regular jobs and healthier environments
  13. 13. Ebenezer Howard’s Garden City (Reorganization of the City) This image is attributed to Public Domain (PD-US-1923) GARDEN CITY MOVEMENT - Elements – zoning and greenbelts - Zoning – division of land for different uses - Green belts – ‘buffer’ zones between distinct land uses - Housing and community facilities away from factory and manufacturing areas
  14. 14. Letchworth Garden City, Hertfordshire, Great Britain This image is attributed to Public Domain (PD-US-1923)
  15. 15. CORBUSIER’S IDEAS - Modern city functions along straight lines – sewers, tunnels, highways, traffic circulation - Divided into grid system, no need for curves - Stress on functionality, no artistic tradition - Bare, efficient, functional – main purpose of carrying traffic, gas, water, electric lines - No discussion of street as a public space – crooked streets as pack donkey’s way
  16. 16. This image is attributed to United States Geological Survey Pruitt-Igoe Public Housing Complex, St. Louis, Missouri
  17. 17. BRASILIA, Capital of Brazil This image is attributed to www.urbanity.es, Accessed February 2013
  18. 18. BRASILIA This image is attributed to www.skyscraperlife.com, Accessed February 2013
  19. 19. Central Monumental Axis, BRASILIA This image is attributed www.urbanity.es, Accessed February 2013
  20. 20. CAMILLO SITTE’S IDEAS - Straight lines are unnatural, do not follow terrain - Need both art and function to make cities appealing - Lack of urban public space in cities - Isolated block of buildings, and no unifying factors, boring spaces
  21. 21. Camillo Sitte, Study of Medieval Plazas This image is attributed to Public Domain (PD-US-1923)
  22. 22. NEIGHBORHOOD UNIT – CLARENCE PERRY This image is attributed to New York Regional Survey @ 1929 - Growing congestion and traffic - New plans for regional expansion - Idea of a self contained neighborhood unit - Centered on school and community center - Bound by arterial roads - No vehicular traffic through neighborhood - Unit – school, residential, shops, parks - Codified by FHA into sub-division standards
  23. 23. JANE JACOBS This image is attributed to www.thesocietypages.org, Accessed February 2013 1. Sidewalk & Safety - Eyes on the Street 1. Sidewalk & Public Life 1. Sidewalk & Child Rearing 1. Neighborhood Park 1. City Neighborhoods
  24. 24. Greenwich Village, New York City This image is attributed to nydiscovery7 @ 2007 (CC BY-NC 2.0)
  25. 25. North End, Boston This image is attributed to Mukherji @ 2013, All Rights Reserved
  26. 26. Suburban Sprawl, Las Vegas This image is attributed to guidoanselmi @ 2010 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)
  27. 27. Mixed Use Development, Greater London This image is attributed to Minerva Bloom @ 2009 (CC BY-NC 3.0)
  28. 28. NEW URBANISM, Main Square, Seaside, Florida This image is attributed to Tim Cummins @ 2007 (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
  29. 29. NEW URBANISM, Main Square, Seaside, Florida This image is attributed to UGArdener @ 2012 (CC BY-NC 2.0)
  30. 30. NEW URBANISM, Street, Seaside, Florida This image is attributed to UGArdener @ 2012 (CC BY-NC 2.0)
  31. 31. NEW URBANISM, Inner Street, Seaside, Florida This image is attributed to UGArdener @ 2012 (CC BY-NC 2.0)
  32. 32. Kevin Lynch
  33. 33. BOSTON
  34. 34. Wynantskill, New York This image is attributed to Matt Wade @ 2009 (CC BY-SA 3.0)
  35. 35. Andover, Massachusetts This image is attributed to NNECAPA@ 2005 (CC 2.0)
  36. 36. Greenville, North Carolina This image is attributed to Zach Frailey @ 2013 (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
  37. 37. THIRD PLACE – English Pub
  38. 38. THIRD PLACE – Bath House, China
  39. 39. THIRD PLACE – Street side Bench, Italy
  40. 40. Stroget (Largest Pedestrian Mall), Copenhagen, Denmark This image is attributed to Project for Public Spaces (www.pps.org)
  41. 41. Plaza (Sitting), Seattle, Washington Photograph by Anuradha Mukherji @ 2013
  42. 42. Union Square, San Francisco, California
  43. 43. Rockfeller Center Office, New York City, New York This image is attributed to Project for Public Spaces (www.pps.org)
  44. 44. Space Between Buildings, Seattle, Washington Photograph by Anuradha Mukherji @ 2013
  45. 45. Complete Street (Downtown, Portland, Oregon) This image is attributed to Todd Mecklem @ 2011 (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
  46. 46. Complete Street, East Boulevard, Charlotte, North Carolina This image is attributed to CompleteStreets @ 2010 (CC BY-NC 2.0)
  47. 47. Automobile Parking, Wide Pedestrian Sidewalk & Sheltered Bike Parking (Hawthorne, Portland, Oregon) This image is attributed to Steven Vance @ 2010 (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)
  48. 48. Elevated Highways, Shanghai, China This image is attributed to Pyzhou @ 2008 (CC BY-SA 3.0)
  49. 49. Pudong New Area, Shanghai, China This image is attributed to Richard Aufreiter @ 2012 (CC BY-NC 3.0)
  50. 50. Shanghai, China This image is attributed to Richard Aufreiter @ 2012 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

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