All about children


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All about children

  1. 1. They are wild. They don’t listen. Understanding They are always more about the unpredictable. They are sensitive.They child’s motor do anything to accomplish development their raw goals. And most of all,,,,, they are true to everybody.
  2. 2. rememberingThose days. . .When we were still children
  3. 3. And Theattempt to crawl.. walk! …first first attempt to The first smile… Our first attempt for reaching something.. from the moment of conceptionOur first cry The first opening of our eyes…
  4. 4. They are very playful. They are veryThey insist on curious… …jealousy… what they want.
  5. 5. Rem Who could forget those smiles ande laughter may just pass but we of ours? …they and cute scenarios reallym will treasure them…ber … those frownst , the unexpectedh …stumbles …and tears accidents,o .and salty
  6. 6. all those activities you watched awhile ago are part of the so calledmotor skills and development!!!
  7. 7. 22. consist of FINER kinds of motor ---]COORDINATIONS- development control of the Examples ---- THESE are; of the movementINVOLVE Gross at 1. SMALLER 1.writing muscles which, 2.grasping movements-MUSCLE GROUPS. birth and shortly 3.clapping movements which afterward, are involve large areas of random and the body. meaningless.
  8. 8. Characteristics of motor development1. Development of control over the body parallels the development of the motor areas in the brain.
  9. 9. 2. the child goes fromhelplessness characteristics toindependence.3. It is important for the child’sschool adjustments.4.It is important for the child’ssocial contacts.
  10. 10. Sequence of development st 4. motor development on1. Motor the legs. a development in the n head region crawling di2. Motor and creeping and hitching a. Rolling development of the n arms and hands g3. Motor development in the trunk
  11. 11. 1. Poor physical condition2. Size of the body3. Intelligence4. Lack of opportunity to develop muscle control5. Lack of incentive to develop muscle control6. Emphasis on specific movements7. Fear
  12. 12. Speech SpeechDevelopment inDevelopment in Infants Infants
  13. 13. Newborn to 3 months Babies begin to coo and gurgle at 1 to 3 months.Instead of simply being startled by sounds, babiesstart to respond more specifically to sounds — first by turning their heads and changing their facial expressions and then by actually cooing and gurgling. These sounds will probably be music to your ears, as well they should be. You can consider these sounds to be your childs first words to you, as simple cooing and other verbalizations represent the very beginning of language development.
  14. 14. 3 to 6 monthsBabies at this age enjoy making sounds. Not only do they like to laugh and squeal with pleasure and excitement, but they perfect their ability to gurgle, coo, and blowraspberries. Some begin to make consonantsounds (n, d, p, b), most can link sounds with the objects that made them, and by the time they reach 6 months of age, they often start to actually imitate sounds.
  15. 15. 6 to 9 monthsBabies will babble at this age. During these months, most babies start to vocalize a lotmore in ways other than crying, not the leastof which is laughing more frequently. Youre also likely to notice a progression in the babys talking abilities — from making four different consonant sounds or stringingtogether chains of vowel-consonant sounds to combining syllables into word-likeutterances and shouting to attract attention.
  16. 16. 9 to 12 monthsBabies will say their first words during this time. At 9 months, infants are often fairly talented at multi-syllable babbling and imitating sounds. Overthe subsequent months, you may find that your baby starts to imitate the tone and inflection in your voice as well and may even say his first word.
  17. 17. Words such as "mama" and "dada" clearly have meaning to infants at this age, and some will even say them by the time they turn 1.("Dada" is much more common than "mama," not as a reflection of a babys preference, but because "da"is a much easier sound to make than "ma.")
  18. 18. Also at this age babies develop improved nonverbal communication skills. This is a fun age, where many babies not only start to communicate verbally, but clearly seem to understand more and interact more. They typically learn to point inresponse to simple questions such as "Wheres the ball?" or "Wheres Mommy?" and to wave good-bye.
  19. 19. 12 to 18 monthsKids this age will continue to improve their communication skills. By 12 to 15 months, the average child says two or more words besides "dada" and "mama." Some 18-month-olds will even begin to put two wordstogether, although this is considered to be a 2-year-old accomplishment.
  20. 20. In addition to talking, most toddlers at this age can imitate animal sounds, recognize objects by name, and follow commands. Youre likely to find that this newly developed ability to follow directions is particularly endearing when your toddler begins to give a hug or kiss when asked.
  21. 21. While the toddler is probably making great strides in communicating at this age, ithelps to be aware that toddlers at this age can become very frustrated because they can understand a lot more than they can say.
  22. 22. 18 to 24 months Toddlers at this age will greatlyincrease their vocabulary and ability to understand. The average toddler toward the end of the second year can say 30 to 50 words and make two-word sentences. Even more impressive is their ability to understand and follow simple commands.
  23. 23. 2 years Two-year-olds talk in sentences. While the typical 2-year-old has a vocabulary of 30-50 words and canput two words together, another year of language development usuallybrings the ability to make three-word sentences and communicate more effectively.
  24. 24. Two-year-olds also learn to name and categorize. They commonly learn the names of five or more body parts and are able to recite their own names (first and last) by the time they reach their third birthday. Sorting objects according to category and understanding descriptive categories like "big" and"little" or "soft" and "hard" are also typical accomplishments at this age.
  25. 25. 3 years Three-year-olds have greatlyexpanded language skills. During this year, youre likely to notice that the length of the childs sentencesincreases from around three words at his third birthday to five (or more) byhis fourth. By this time, most children have also become fully understandable.
  26. 26. As the child masters the use of pronouns (I, me, you, we, etc.)during the upcoming months, beforewarned that youre also likely to find that she has entered a new stage of development that includes asking a whole lot of questions.
  27. 27. 4 yearsFour-year-olds make good use of their language skills. During this year, youre likely to notice thatyour child masters language wellenough to put sentences togetherinto full stories and just generally talk your ear off.
  28. 28. 5 yearsFive-year-olds can understand harder concepts and begin to increase their vocabulary. They typically canunderstand and apply concepts such as "under," "over," "because," "why,""before," and "after." They often have vocabularies of more than 2,000 words.