Blogs, Wikis, and ePortfolios: Benefits, Challenges, and Practical Applications for Multiple Disciplines <ul><li>Presented...
Topics <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis </li></ul><ul><li>ePortfolios </li></ul><ul><l...
Blogs Samantha Blevins
What are Blogs? <ul><li>Shorthand term means “Web log” </li></ul><ul><li>Online collection of personal commentary and link...
What are Blogs? <ul><li>Can be used as an alternative to mainstream media publications </li></ul><ul><li>Allow room for pe...
Who is Blogging? <ul><li>Online journals have been around longer than blogs, but now it is easier than ever for individual...
Who is Blogging? <ul><li>Types of blogs: WarBlogs, LibLogs, EduBlogs </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty are using blogs to </li></u...
How do Blogs Work? <ul><li>Bloggers enter their posts into a blogging application and save </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incorpora...
How do Blogs Work? <ul><li>Subscribers and visitors can read postings and leave comments </li></ul><ul><li>Blog entries ar...
Why are Blogs Significant? <ul><li>Engage people in knowledge sharing, reflection, debate, and attract dedicated following...
What are the Challenges of Blogging? <ul><li>Biased or inaccurate information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Could be seen as factu...
What is the Blogging Outlook? <ul><li>Blogs are becoming increasingly common </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently 50 million pe...
How can Blogs be Used in Teaching and Learning? <ul><li>Increasingly becoming accepted as an instructional technology tool...
Wikis Amber D. Evans
What are Wikis? <ul><li>It is a powerful yet flexible collaborative communication tool for developing content-specific Web...
Who is using Wikis? <ul><li>People with Internet access and a desire to share and collaborate on knowledge. </li></ul><ul>...
How does it Work? <ul><li>View & Edit changes while retaining the previous copy. </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis use </li></ul><ul...
Wikis Vary from Type-to-Type <ul><li>Features (tables, graphics, plug-ins, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>User interface (toolbar...
Why are Wikis Significant? <ul><li>A content-focused approach makes it easy to collaborate and then export it to different...
Some Challenges of Wikis <ul><li>Wikis open windows to collaboration, but sometimes flies get in. </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis ...
What is the Wiki Outlook? <ul><li>The future: collaboration, content, & community. </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis allow groups an...
How can Wikis be Used in Teaching and Learning? <ul><li>Wikis are reflexive & adaptive, growing with use. </li></ul><ul><l...
ePortofolios Teggin Summers
ePortfolios <ul><li>Overview of portfolios/ePortfolios </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><...
Portfolios in academic contexts <ul><li>Individual learning portfolios </li></ul><ul><li>Course-based learning portfolios ...
Benefits <ul><li>Aids students self-assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Enables the tracking of growth over time </li></ul><ul><l...
Folio-Thinking <ul><li>Enables students to… </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate and synthesize learning </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance ...
“ e” Portfolios and eFolio Thinking <ul><li>Most obvious – incorporation of multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>Can save data for...
Challenges <ul><li>Can be hard to find the right system or approach </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty support </li></ul><ul><li>So...
Conditions for Success <ul><li>Faculty promote value of eP </li></ul><ul><li>eP-based curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Feedbac...
3 Examples <ul><li>Human Nutrition, Food and Exercise, Didactic Program in Dietetics </li></ul><ul><li>English </li></ul><...
HNFE
… HNFE
… HNFE
… One More HNFE Example
English 2614: Beginning the major <ul><li>Unique Features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital narrative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
… English
… English
… English
… English
… English
School of Education <ul><li>Learning, Assessment, Prof. Dev. </li></ul><ul><li>Very student-centered </li></ul><ul><li>Lot...
Graduate Music Education
… Graduate Music Education
… Graduate Music Education
Thank you! <ul><li>Questions? </li></ul><ul><li>Contact Information </li></ul><ul><li>Teggin Summers  [email_address]   </...
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Blogs, Wikis, and ePortfolios: Benefits, Challenges, and Practical Applications for Multiple Disciplines

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This session offers an overview of three e-learning tools: blogs, wikis, and ePortfolios. Each presenter will discuss one tool, providing pedagogical theory, along with practical benefits and challenges to using the technology. Finally, the panelists will present examples of how these technologies can be put into practices in the classroom.

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  • Left side: Sakai wiki (using Radeox engine from CARET of Cambridge University): http://sourceforge.net/projects/snipsnip/ Right side: Atlassian Confluence wiki: http://www.atlassian.com/software/confluence
  • Blogs, Wikis, and ePortfolios: Benefits, Challenges, and Practical Applications for Multiple Disciplines

    1. 1. Blogs, Wikis, and ePortfolios: Benefits, Challenges, and Practical Applications for Multiple Disciplines <ul><li>Presented by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teggin Summers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amber D. Evans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Samantha Blevins </li></ul></ul><ul><li>April 9, 2010 </li></ul>
    2. 2. Topics <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis </li></ul><ul><li>ePortfolios </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion & QA </li></ul>
    3. 3. Blogs Samantha Blevins
    4. 4. What are Blogs? <ul><li>Shorthand term means “Web log” </li></ul><ul><li>Online collection of personal commentary and links presented in chronological order </li></ul><ul><li>Began as an online publication of personal diaries </li></ul><ul><li>Evolved into a vehicle for editorials on specific topics </li></ul>
    5. 5. What are Blogs? <ul><li>Can be used as an alternative to mainstream media publications </li></ul><ul><li>Allow room for personal perspectives and discussion between bloggers/readers </li></ul><ul><li>Can help generate a strong sense of community between bloggers/readers </li></ul>
    6. 6. Who is Blogging? <ul><li>Online journals have been around longer than blogs, but now it is easier than ever for individual users to publish, there is no longer a need to know how to code HTML </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs are seen in a variety of venues: entertainment, news, politics, research, education </li></ul><ul><li>Other types: group blogs, family blogs, community blogs, corporate blogs </li></ul>
    7. 7. Who is Blogging? <ul><li>Types of blogs: WarBlogs, LibLogs, EduBlogs </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty are using blogs to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Express opinions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote discipline dialog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assist as an instructional tool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote student personal commentary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote discussion among students </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. How do Blogs Work? <ul><li>Bloggers enter their posts into a blogging application and save </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incorporate video, audio, images, hyperlinks, and text </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Application will </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Add entry to blog, making it available online </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alert subscribers of the blog </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. How do Blogs Work? <ul><li>Subscribers and visitors can read postings and leave comments </li></ul><ul><li>Blog entries are searchable by date and keywords </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback by readers/subscribers can lead to meaningful discussion through </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comments on original blog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trackbacks: responding in their own blog and linking to the original </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Through this linking and feedback, a blogs popularity (and eventual credibility) is established </li></ul>
    10. 10. Why are Blogs Significant? <ul><li>Engage people in knowledge sharing, reflection, debate, and attract dedicated followings </li></ul><ul><li>Provide unedited expression, reaction, and connection without censorship </li></ul><ul><li>Simplicity in creating and maintaining blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Discussions can take place between far-reaching Internet communities </li></ul><ul><li>Can foster community growth </li></ul><ul><li>Can provide new ways of evaluation, testing, and assessing student-created knowledge </li></ul>
    11. 11. What are the Challenges of Blogging? <ul><li>Biased or inaccurate information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Could be seen as factual, when it is really an online place to speak and be heard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Highly volatile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be edited or deleted at anytime </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. What is the Blogging Outlook? <ul><li>Blogs are becoming increasingly common </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently 50 million people are now blogging </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can provide personalized discussion boards </li></ul><ul><li>Foster community of interest </li></ul><ul><li>Can serve as a tool for reflection, sharing, and knowledge building </li></ul>
    13. 13. How can Blogs be Used in Teaching and Learning? <ul><li>Increasingly becoming accepted as an instructional technology tool </li></ul><ul><li>Reflection about classes, careers, or current events </li></ul><ul><li>Capture and distribute student- and faculty-generated content </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a forum for discussion to take students beyond textbook or lecture content </li></ul>
    14. 14. Wikis Amber D. Evans
    15. 15. What are Wikis? <ul><li>It is a powerful yet flexible collaborative communication tool for developing content-specific Web sites. </li></ul><ul><li>A wiki is a Web page that can be viewed and modified by anybody with a Web browser and access to the Internet. </li></ul><ul><li>Popular Wikis include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikipedia , Wikibooks , Wikihow </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many “flavors” of wikis available: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Which Wiki is Right for You? (A matrix) </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Who is using Wikis? <ul><li>People with Internet access and a desire to share and collaborate on knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Started in mid-1990’s with scientists and engineers to create dynamic knowledge bases. </li></ul><ul><li>Subject-matter specialists (i.e., Wikipedia) </li></ul><ul><li>Educators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Faculty and staff in higher education use wikis as repositories for meeting notes . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administration & GA’s record processes and procedures for posterity. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some institutions are experimenting with wikis as e-portfolios. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Artifacts in a wiki-folio presentation are easily shared. </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. How does it Work? <ul><li>View & Edit changes while retaining the previous copy. </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>computer scripting (programming) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>text files </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web browser </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet connection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Edit a page </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sends a request to the server for the wiki page text. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Save a page </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sends the revised text to the server and saves “an old copy” as a previous revision. </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Wikis Vary from Type-to-Type <ul><li>Features (tables, graphics, plug-ins, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>User interface (toolbars, editors, help, etc.) </li></ul>
    19. 19. Why are Wikis Significant? <ul><li>A content-focused approach makes it easy to collaborate and then export it to different formats. </li></ul><ul><li>Access the current document anytime online. </li></ul><ul><li>Add new pages or change existing pages. </li></ul><ul><li>No HTML or coding is required. </li></ul><ul><li>Compare previous versions. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify who contributed content. </li></ul><ul><li>Export the wiki page to Microsoft Word or PDF. </li></ul>
    20. 20. Some Challenges of Wikis <ul><li>Wikis open windows to collaboration, but sometimes flies get in. </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis may require monitoring. </li></ul><ul><li>May need to gain authorization to edit a wiki. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning curve (new toolbars, new tools) </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of some features (i.e., Word Count) </li></ul><ul><li>Content-focused not cosmetic. </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchy doesn’t exist (like a concept map) </li></ul><ul><li>Collective group bias. </li></ul><ul><li>Remembering to use it! </li></ul>
    21. 21. What is the Wiki Outlook? <ul><li>The future: collaboration, content, & community. </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis allow groups and communities to form around specific topics. </li></ul><ul><li>The technology resides in the background, making the content the focus. </li></ul><ul><li>Refined public wiki sites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Knol & Citizendium </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Disposable” wiki sites for one-time uses. </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile (phone) wiki editing. </li></ul>
    22. 22. How can Wikis be Used in Teaching and Learning? <ul><li>Wikis are reflexive & adaptive, growing with use. </li></ul><ul><li>Easiest and most effective collaboration tool. </li></ul><ul><li>Versioning shows </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolution of thought & contents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authorship & ownership </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can be used to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create ePortfolios, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborate on (research) projects, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edit articles or textbooks, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recording process and procedures, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Do anything you can imagine! </li></ul>
    23. 23. ePortofolios Teggin Summers
    24. 24. ePortfolios <ul><li>Overview of portfolios/ePortfolios </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Conditions for Success </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul>
    25. 25. Portfolios in academic contexts <ul><li>Individual learning portfolios </li></ul><ul><li>Course-based learning portfolios </li></ul><ul><li>Programmatic assessment portfolios </li></ul><ul><li>External accreditation portfolios </li></ul>Assess Share Select Reflect Collect
    26. 26. Benefits <ul><li>Aids students self-assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Enables the tracking of growth over time </li></ul><ul><li>Highlights connections between course/program activities and professional communities </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitates academic richness – dialogue, communication </li></ul>
    27. 27. Folio-Thinking <ul><li>Enables students to… </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate and synthesize learning </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance self-understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Make deliberate choices in their learning careers </li></ul><ul><li>Develop an intellectual identity </li></ul><ul><li>Chen, 2004, Stanford Center for Innovation and Learning, http://scil.stanford.edu/ </li></ul>
    28. 28. “ e” Portfolios and eFolio Thinking <ul><li>Most obvious – incorporation of multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>Can save data for longer periods of time and access from central systems </li></ul><ul><li>Highly portable and easier to share </li></ul><ul><li>eFolio thinking emphasizes synthesis, integration, and communication </li></ul>
    29. 29. Challenges <ul><li>Can be hard to find the right system or approach </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty support </li></ul><ul><li>Some disciplines do not lend themselves to ePortfolio assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Techincal learning curve/technical problems and support </li></ul>
    30. 30. Conditions for Success <ul><li>Faculty promote value of eP </li></ul><ul><li>eP-based curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Time for development </li></ul><ul><li>Include engagement and personalization </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><li>Technical assistance </li></ul>
    31. 31. 3 Examples <ul><li>Human Nutrition, Food and Exercise, Didactic Program in Dietetics </li></ul><ul><li>English </li></ul><ul><li>Graduate Music Education </li></ul>
    32. 32. HNFE
    33. 33. … HNFE
    34. 34. … HNFE
    35. 35. … One More HNFE Example
    36. 36. English 2614: Beginning the major <ul><li>Unique Features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital narrative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic Achievement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student creativity and focus on growth as an English major </li></ul></ul>
    37. 37. … English
    38. 38. … English
    39. 39. … English
    40. 40. … English
    41. 41. … English
    42. 42. School of Education <ul><li>Learning, Assessment, Prof. Dev. </li></ul><ul><li>Very student-centered </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of rich assessment data for accreditation </li></ul>
    43. 43. Graduate Music Education
    44. 44. … Graduate Music Education
    45. 45. … Graduate Music Education
    46. 46. Thank you! <ul><li>Questions? </li></ul><ul><li>Contact Information </li></ul><ul><li>Teggin Summers [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Amber D. Evans [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Samantha Blevins [email_address] </li></ul>

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