7th Century, Amshuvarma, who was first Thakuri king he married famous Tibetan King Tsong Tsen Gampo establishing good relations with Tibet. valley was divided into three kingdoms: Kathmandu , Bhaktapur and Patan . One among these was the kingdom of Gorkha with a Shah ruler. Gorkha King named Prithvi Narayan Prithvi Narayan decided to move his capital to Kathmandu establishing the Shah dynasty which ruled unified Nepal from 1769 to 2008. 19th Century Jung Bahadur Rana became Nepal’s first prime minister he rules 104 years .HISTORY Then on 1st June 2001, a horrific tragedy the entire royal family including King Birendra and Queen Aishwarya with many of their relatives On May 28,2008, the newly elected Constituent Assembly declared Nepal a Federal Democratic Republic, the 240 year-old monarchy. Nepal today has a President as Head of State and a Prime Minister heading the Government
While the total land area is 147,181 sq. Km The country can be divided into three main geographical regions: Himalayan region, mid hill region and Teri region. where the two beautiful valleys of Kathmandu and Pokhara The highest point in the country is Mt. Everest (8,848 m) while the lowest point is in the Terai plains of Kechana Kalan in Jhapa (60 m).Geography Nepal holds the so called “waters towers of South Asia” with its 6,000 rivers which are snow-fed or dependent on rain. There are more than 30 natural caves in the country
Climatic conditions of Nepal one place to another in accordance to the geographical features. Nepal has namely five major seasons: spring, summer, monsoon, autumn and winter. The valley of Kathmandu has a pleasant climate with average summer and winter temperatures of 19°C – 35°C and 2°C – 12°C respectively.Climate Most of the trekking areas in Nepal, the best time to visit are during spring and autumn. Nepal can be visited the whole year round.
FIRST PRIME MINISTERrules 104 years . Late Jung Bahadur Rana
KING LATE KING BIRENDR BIR BIKRAM SHAH LATE QUEEN AISHRWYA RAJYA LAXMI SHAH
Nepal’s 20 protected areas cover 23.23 percent of its land. Its 10 national parks, three wildlife reserves, Himalayan field mouse, spiny babbler, Nepali kalij, 14 herpetofauna, and six types of fishes. Wildlife also include like endangered animals like the Royal Bengal tiger and the one-horned rhinoceros. Nepal is home 850 species of birds and more than half of these are found in the Kathmandu Valley.Natural The natural resources of Nepal are water, hydropower, scenic beauty, timber, lignite, copper, cobalt and iron. Vast expanse of land in the country is used for agriculture with about 16 percent of total arable land.
3.72 percent butterflies and 8.9 percent of birds. Wildlife of Nepal is officially classified into two main categories common and protected. The common category lists such species as common leopard, spotted deer, Himalayan goat, blue sheep . Himalayan field mouse, spiny babbler, Nepali kalij, six types of fishes. 185 species of mammals found in various parts of the country.wild life Asiatic elephant, the one-horned rhinoceros, the Royal Bengal tiger among others, leopard, monkey, languor, Nepal has own variety of dolphins found in the fresh waters of Narayani and Karnali rivers. Nepal has more than 850 Wildlife
People:- The population of Nepal was recorded to be about 26.62 million The population about a 101 ethnic groups speaking over 92 languages. The national language is Nepali. Multiple ethnic groups have their own mother tongues.People Nepali and English is a official language English is spoken by many in Government and business offices.
Culture Customs and traditions differ from one part of Nepal to another. A prominent ( ) factor in a Nepali’s everyday life is religion. Adding color to the lives of Nepal is are festivals the year round which they celebrate with much pomp( ) and joy.Culture Food plays an important role in the celebration of these festivals.
Religion: Religions practiced in Nepal are: Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Jainism, Sikhism. The majority of Nepalese are either Hindus or Buddhism. Buddha is widely worshipped by both Buddhists and Hindus . Hindu Nepalese worship the ancient Vedic gods.Religion Bramha the Creator, Vishnu the Preserver and Shiva the Destroyer, are worshipped as the Supreme Hindu Trinity.
Religion Nepalese Women Celebrating Tej Festival
The Life of Buddha Gautama Buddha, lived between 563 and 483 BC in the area known as the Nepal He is son of the King Sakya,Sudhodana, who ruled at Kapilavastu He was born in Lumbini Queen Maya, his mother,first had a dream of a beautiful white elephantReligion coming down into her womb, and this was interpreted as a sign that the Buddha, When her time came, Queen Maya went into the garden and gave painless birth to the bodhisattva. Five days after his birth, the young prince received the name of Siddhartha.
After seven days Queen Maya died, and her place as mother was taken by her sister The most beautiful princess in the land, Yasodhara, was found for his bride when he was 16, The remaining 45 years of the Buddhas life were spent journeying around the plain of the Ganges, teaching and receiving visitors. After his death, Buddhas remains were cremated, as becameReligion the Buddhist tradition. The passing away, or the final nirvana, of the Buddha occurred in 483 BC on a full moon day in the month of May, known in the Nepalese calendar as Baishak.
Nepalese do not eat beef. Hindus worship cow. Cow is also the national animal of Nepal. Men usually go out to work while women are homemakers. Nepali food has been influenced by Indian and Tibetan styles of cooking.Religion The regular Nepali meal is dal (lentil soup), bhat (boiled rice) and tarkari (curried vegetables),pickle. Momos (steamed or fried dumplings) one of the most popular snack Rotis (flat bread) and dhedo (boiled flour) also make meals in some homes.
Cultural Etiquette The form of greeting in Nepal is “Namaste” performing by joining both palms together. As a mark of respect Nepalese usually take their shoes off before entering someone’s house or place of worship. Food or material that has been touched by another person’s mouth is considered impure or “jutho” and, therefore, is not accepted unless among close friends or family. Touching something with feet or using the left hand to give or take may not be considered auspicious.Greeting Leather articles are prohibited inside some temple areas. Walking around temples traditionally done clockwise. To avoid conflict photography is carried out after receiving permission from the object or person. Nodding of head means “Yes” while shaking of head means a “No”. A slight dangling of head from left to right means “OK”.
Pushpa Basnet of Nepal 2012 CNN Hero of the Year Pushpa Basnet, a Nepalese woman who supports children so they dont have to live behind bars with their incarcerated parents, was named the 2012 CNN Hero of the Year.Our pride
Pushpa Basnet of Nepal 2012 CNN Hero of the YearOur pride
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