GPU’s Graphics Processing Units IN THE FIELD OFENTERTAINMENT AND SIMULATION By Amrik Sadhra
GPU’s: What are they? Accelerate 3D Graphics Decode Media Formats Can decode HD video on the Draws polygons fly for a smooth media (shapes) experience Applies Textures Maps high resolution Images to 3D polygons Speed Up Rendering They are massively parallel compared to CPU’s, speeding up a number of tasks
Evolution of the GPU 3Dfx ignited the gaming market in 1996 by introducing its Voodoo 1 chipset. Games moved from software rendering on the CPU at 320 x 200 @15fps to 800 x 600 @60fps. The card had a revolutionary 4mb of RAM allowing the majority of textures to be stored locally on the card for higher speed access
Fun Facts Uses customized version of 8 year old GPU by AMD ATI Radeon x1900. Titled ‘Xenos’. Computers now 6 Generations ahead: X1000<X2000<HD3000<HD4000 <HD5000<HD6000<HD7000 Series Nvidia GeForce 7800. Titled ‘Reality Synthesizer’. The only ‘Reality’ being that it was low end when it was released. 7 Series<8 Series<9 Series<GT200 Series <GT400 Series<GT500 Series<GT600 Series
Nvidia CUDAGPU’s are optimized for massively parallel tasks due to their large number ofcores. A traditional CPU features 2-4 powerful cores, whereas a GPU canhave thousands of smaller cores, ready to crunch large volumes of data atstaggering rates. CUDA allows universities or the standard home user to recompile their code to use the GPU’s power, and has therefore put supercomputers in the hands of millions.
Folding@HomeIntel CPU Fold point time-30 minutesAMD GPU Fold point time-12 minutes
Social Impacts Great Means… Looking GamesWhich means…
Economical Impacts Good Great Graphics Looking Cards Games Are expensive.
Cultural ImpactsThe power of GPU’s is being harnessed for great good;their immense computing potential has worked towards cures for Alzheimers, Huntingtons, and many cancers, whilst also helping in the search for extraterrestrial life.