Comenius Downstream Presentation prepared by Małgorzata Samek and Iwona Śmiałek Translate by Agnieszka M. Paduch
Comenius has the following goals: <ul><li>to improve and increase the mobility of pupils and educational staff in different Member States, </li></ul><ul><li>to enhance and increase partnerships between schools in different Member States, with at least three million pupils taking part in joint educational activities by 2010, </li></ul><ul><li>to encourage language learning, innovative ICT-based content, services and better teaching techniques and practices, </li></ul><ul><li>to enhance the quality and European dimension of teacher training, </li></ul><ul><li>to improve pedagogical approaches and school management. </li></ul>
Counties taking part in Comenius Programme Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Holland, Hungary, Ireland, Island, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey.
Downstream We will work on Project Downstream- understanding of watersheds and how to protect t he environment . It is an educational project based on ecology . Different problems connected with waters done as project work from the different partners will give the opportunity for the students to find out more about how other countries solve the problems and manage to protect the endangered areas. The responsibility of the children will be a good example to the whole society for being more aware to the problems of nature.
Project partners We cooperate with partners from Bulgaria, Greece and Portugal (Madeira Island)
Bulgaria Bulgaria ( България, Република България ) – i s a country in the Balkans in south-eastern Europe. Bulgaria borders five other countries: Romania to the north , Serbia and the Republic of Macedonia to the west, and Greece and Turkey to the south. The Black Sea defines the extent of the country to the east .
The land area of Bulgaria is 110,550 square kilometers . The relief of Bulgaria is varied : there are extensive lowlands, plains, hills, low and high mountains, many valleys and deep gorges. The main characteristic of Bulgaria's topography is alternating bands of high and low terrain that extend east to west across the country. From north to south, those bands (called geomorphological regions) are the Danubian Plain, Stara Planina, the Transitional region and the Rilo-Rhodope Massif. The easternmost sections near the Black Sea are hilly, but they gradually gain height to the west until the westernmost part of the country is entirely high ground.
Bulgaria has a dense network of about 540 rivers . The Rila and Pirin mountain ranges feature around 260 glacial lakes . T he country also has several large lakes on the Black Sea coast and more than 2,200 dam lakes. Many mineral springs exist, located mainly in the south-western and central parts of the country along the faults between the mountains.
Greece Greece (gr. Ελλάδα ( Elláda ), ( Ελληνική Δημοκρατία ( Ellinikí Dimokratía ), i s a country in southeastern Europe, situated on the southern end of the Balkan Peninsula. The country has borders with Albania, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the east. The Aegean Sea lies to the east and south of mainland Greece, while the Ionian Sea lies to the west.
<ul><li>The Greek Islands are a collection of over 3,000 islands that belong to Greece. Only 167 of the islands are inhabited. </li></ul><ul><li>Crete ( about 8260 km²) </li></ul><ul><li>Euboea ( about 3621 km²) </li></ul><ul><li>Lesbos ( about 1630 km²) </li></ul><ul><li>Rhodes ( about 1400 km²) </li></ul><ul><li>Khíos ( about 840 km²) </li></ul><ul><li>Kefalonia ( about 780 km²) </li></ul><ul><li>Samos ( about 480 km²) </li></ul><ul><li>Naxos ( about 430 km²) </li></ul><ul><li>Thassos ( about 390 km²) </li></ul><ul><li>Archipelagos </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Ionian Islands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Cyclades </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Saronic Islands </li></ul></ul>
Rivers in Greece are an important natural feature. Most of the biggest rivers of Greece have their springs on the mountain range of Pindos. Among them, the rivers Aliakmon, Pinios, Acheloos, Kalamas and Arahthos rivers. The rivers of Evros and Nestos have their sources in Bulgaria. In the Peloponese are the rivers of Alfios and Eurotas with their sources in the Taygetos Mountains. The largest river in Greece is the Aliakmonas (297 kilometers in length).
Most of the lakes of Greece are located in northern Greece, mainly in the region of Macedonia. Among them the lakes of small and big Prespa and the lakes of Volvi and Vegoritis. the lake of Trihonis is located in Sterea Elada.
Portugal- Madeira Island Madeira Island (port. Madeira ) – i t is one of the Autonomous regions of Portugal, with Madeira Island (741 km²), and Porto Santo Island (42,5 km²) being the only inhabited islands. Madeira belongs and has belonged ethnically, culturally, economically and politically to Europe for 600 years despite being geographically closer to Africa. Madeira is part of Portugal, and as such a part of the European Union, as an Outermost Region.
Levadas <ul><li>The levadas originated out of the necessity of bringing large amounts of water from the west and northwest of the island to the drier southeast, which is more conducive to habitation and agriculture (such as sugar cane production). </li></ul><ul><li>In the 16th century the Portuguese started building levadas or aqueducts to carry water to the agricultural regions. </li></ul><ul><li>Madeira is very mountainous, and building the levadas was often difficult. Many are cut into the sides of mountains, and it was also necessary to dig 40 km of tunnels. </li></ul>
LEVADAS <ul><li>Today the levadas not only supply water to the southern parts of the island but provide hydro-electric power. </li></ul><ul><li>There are over 2,170 km of levadas and they provide a remarkable network of walking paths. Some provide easy and relaxing walks through beautiful countryside, but others are narrow, crumbling ledges where a slip could result in serious injury or death. </li></ul>
We will work together with our partners for two years. Students will learn about different rivers, lakes (waters in general) in our regions. Topics and problem s to realise in DOWNSTREAM project :
History of regional waters Secret s of rivers and seas- what do rivers and seas hide?
Vistula (WISŁA) River Fieldtrips to cities on the Vistula. Kraków Kazimierz Dolny Warszawa Sandomierz
Project Fieldtrips Wild reserve Vistula River Cruise Dam Machov Lake
Comenius Festivals During Festivals we will present our work on project.
Take a part in our project and have a fun This project is realised with financial help of European Union (Foundation for the Development of the Education System, Comenius Programme) although European Commission or National Agencies do not hold any responsible for its ideas .