i+e=d competencias para la innovación amp2_ampalcuadrado

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Innovar para educar, educar para innovar.
¿Qué habilidades, aptitudes o competencias se necesitan aprender y desarrollar para innovar?

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i+e=d competencias para la innovación amp2_ampalcuadrado

  1. 1. ¿ESTAMOS DE ACUERDO EN EL PUNTO DE PARTIDA? - SOBRE EL CONTEXTO COMPETENCIAS PARA INNOVAR Ana María Pardo Pachón (amp2) anamaria@tejeredes.net Conferencia I+E= D - Innovación + Educación = Desarrollo ¡Una agenda urgente! Bogotá, 9 de mayo de 2014
  2. 2. amp2+ ALGUNAS REGLAS DEL JUEGO...
  3. 3. amp2+ ★Los expertos son ustedes (no yo). ★Invitación a no tragar entero. Contrastar la información. Hechos. Relaciones. ★Ofrezco UNA aproximación y algunos ejemplos. Hay muchos más. (Me encantaría que me los hicieran llegar). ★Lo importante es el concepto, no el término: oirán y verán diferentes discusiones terminológicas (e.g. ideas vs. pensamientos; oportunidades vs. proyectos; innovación vs. creatividad; imaginación vs. creatividad; error vs. fallo…) ★Teorías / explicaciones / aproximaciones diferentes o incluso opuestas. ★Sólo apuntar preguntas, ideas y relaciones. Presentación en “SlideShare”: http:// www.slideshare.net/amp2 ★Todas las referencias tienen soporte bibliográfico al final de la presentación. En ANEXOS. (No se angustien por nombres, datos y terminología, al final también lo encontrarán.) ★Presentación bajo licencia “CC creative commons”.
  4. 4. amp2+ COMENCEMOS
  5. 5. amp2+ ¿POR QUÉ? (¿POR QUÉ INNOVAR PARA EDUCAR?)
  6. 6. amp2+ +/-40% deserción univeristaria en Colombia. 24,9% abandono escolar en España 12,8% de abandono escolar en la UE 39% empleadores consideran que los jóvenes no tienen las competencias necesarias* Sólo un 50%de los jóvenes cree que estudios post- secundarios mejoran su oportunidad laboral* *Informe McKinsey - “Education to Employment: Designing a system that works” ** 1er Trimestre 2013. Demás cifras obtenidas del INE y otras fuentes, como prensa: El Mundo y El Pais. *** SPADIES.minieducacion.gov.co ¿DE DÓDE PARTIMOS? ALGUNAS CIFRAS AL MENOS, LLAMATIVAS... Una vez en el mercado laboral, sólo un 45% de los jóvenes está satisfecho con los estudios realizados* +/- 22% Tasa de Paro en UE 75M de jóvenes entre 15 y 24 años en paro en el mundo 290M de NiNis en el mundo (Jóvenes entre 15 y 24a.)
  7. 7. amp2+ ¿QUÉ PODRÍA EXPLICARLO?
  8. 8. amp2+ SI HEMOS CAMBIADO NUESTRA FORMA DE RELACIONARNOS, DE COMUNICARNOS...
  9. 9. amp2+ http://anticap.wordpress.com/2011/04/29/technophysio-evolution-or-capitalist-biopower/http://historyarchivesonline.blogspot.com.es/2012/06/industrial-revolution-1750-1850.html http://www.playducation.org/blog-reader/items/teacher-education-in-the-digital-age.html INDEX Design to Improve Life
  10. 10. amp2+ ¿POR QUÉ NO...
  11. 11. amp2+ www.1900s.org.uk  www.kingsacademy.com  edwp.educ.msu.edu  www.thebreaker.co.uk -
  12. 12. amp2+ … LA DE EDUCARNOS?
  13. 13. amp2+ … ¿SERÁ UNA CUESTIÓN DE USO DE TECNOLOGÍA?
  14. 14. amp2+ Fuente: http://edevolution.wordpress.com/
  15. 15. amp2+ Fuente: globomarketing.esFuente: itvguadalajara.es Fuente: ultrassurrm.blogspot.com  Fuente: wwwopinionesdemocraticas-xaviel.blogspot.com 
  16. 16. amp2+ http://www.opencolleges.edu.au/infographic/21st_century_classroom.html http://www.detel.com/Pages/21stCenturyClassroom.aspx
  17. 17. amp2+ http://www.edudemic.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/21st-century-classroom.png http://blog.teachtci.com/tablets/ http://justiceblogs.files.wordpress.com/2011/09/1950-classroom.jpg http://3350pedagogy.blogspot.com.es/2010/05/instructional-planning.html
  18. 18. amp2+ MÁS ALLÁ DE LA TECNOLOGÍA… ¿SERÁ CUESTIÓN DE UN DESAFÍO GLOBAL POR...
  19. 19. amp2+ http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Colegio_p%C3%BAblico_Ezcaba.JPGwww.arqhys.com  wiki/File:Tammerkoski_and_factories_Aug2008.jpgphotodays.co.uk  ¿Cuál es la cárcel, cuál la escuela, el hospital y cuál la fábrica?
  20. 20. amp2+ www.freepik.es  www.arqhys.com  manuel-historiasdemiedo.blogspot.com  lagranbarranquilla.blogspot.com  ¿Y al interior? ¿Cuál es la cárcel, la escuela, la fábrica y el hospital?
  21. 21. amp2+ … TRANSFORMAR UNA ESTRUCTURA, UN SISTEMA OBSOLETO?
  22. 22. amp2+ ¿DEBE HACER FRENTE A NUEVOS RETOS? ¿QUÉ HA CAMBIADO EN LOS ÚLTIMOS 100 AÑOS?
  23. 23. amp2+ ¿PARA QUÉ? (¿PARA QUÉ EDUCAR PARA INNOVAR?)
  24. 24. amp2+ 1913 +/- 1750M 2013 + 7000M >1950 +/- 2200M
  25. 25. amp2+ … SE DEMANDAN OTRO TIPO DE HABILIDADES ACORDES A LOS NUEVOS DESAFÍOS...
  26. 26. amp2+ Competencias s.XXI (Sociedad del Conocimiento) Creatividad: curiosidad e imaginación Pensamiento crítico y resolución de problemas Comunicación (oral y escrita) y colaboración (en redes) Flexibilidad y adaptabilidad Iniciativa y autonomía o espíritu emprendedor Habilidades Sociales y Multiculturales: empatía y consciencia global Liderazgo y Responsabilidad Social
  27. 27. amp2+ Características del sistema educativo s.XX (Sociedad Industrial) Características que se demandan en el sistema educativo s.XXI (Sociedad del Conocimiento) Modelo industrial: basado en las necesidades de los empleadores de la Era Industrial. · Alfabetización son las 3Rs: lectura (reading), escritura (‘riting) y matemáticas (‘rithmetic) · Estandarización. · Rigidez. · Estructura vertical. · Orden y mando. · Centrado en el profesor. · Conocimiento concentrado. · Los estudiantes trabajan aislados. (Individualista) · Currículo fragmentado. Conocimiento fragmentado. · Dirigido por un libro de texto. Aprendizaje pasivo. · Basado en el tiempo de ejecución. · Memorización de hechos. · Acumulación de información. · Exámenes. · Penalización por equivocación. · Encerrados. Separados de la comunidad. Modelo del conocimiento: basado en las necesidades de una sociedad globalizada e intensiva en alta tecnología. · Alfabetización son las 4Cs: pensamiento crítico, comunicación, colaboración y creatividad. · Personalización. Diferenciación. · Flexibilidad y adaptabilidad. · Estructuras más horizontales. · Iniciativa y autonomía. · Centrado en el estudiante. El profesor es una facilitador, un coach. · Conocimiento expandido. · Aprendizaje basado en comunidad. (Colaborativo) · Aprendizaje por proyectos. Integrados e interdisciplinares. · Dirigido por una investigación. Aprendizaje activo. · Basado en el proceso y sus diferentes escenarios. · Aprender haciendo. · Seleccionar, comprender y relacionar conocimiento. · Prototipos. · Iteración. Equivocación y retroalimentación como parte del proceso. · Abierto. Aulas “globales”. Proyectos basados en desafíos de la comunidad local o global.
  28. 28. amp2+ ¿CÓMO?
  29. 29. amp2+ Fuente: “Designing for growth” Fuente: “Collective Toolkit Frog” Fuente: “Blog iönngroup” /d.school Fuente: “innpulsos” Otras fuentes: http://www.pinterest.com/ampsquare/design-thinking-design-process/
  30. 30. amp2+ http://vimeo.com/42259136
  31. 31. amp2+ Competencias “duras” (Gestión / Implementación) Competencias “blandas” (Estructura mental básica) Otra fuente: http://www.nesta.org.uk/sites/default/files/skills_innovation_flow_chart.jpg
  32. 32. amp2+ Competencias “duras” Inquiry-based learning. Project-based learning. Place-based learning. Prototipado. Seguimiento. Medición. Documentar. IMPACTO. Gestión del tiempo. Planificación (… de escenarios) Diseño de espacios.
  33. 33. amp2+ Competencias “blandas” ★Empatía. Observación. ★Diferencia +, no -. Es una oportunidad, no una amenaza. La oposición se convierte en capital creativo para mejorar la propuesta. ★Comodidad tanto en el riesgo como en el caos (incertidumbre). ★Foco. Visión. Largo plazo. ★Resiliencia. Persistencia. ★Colaboración. Trabajo en equipo multidisciplinar vs. trabajo en grupo. ★Retroalimentación (feedback). Dar y recibir. Aceptar y decir no. Desechar ideas. Comunicación no-violenta. Mediación. ★Basarse en hechos, no suposiciones o pasiones. Indagar. Preguntar, preguntar, observar ★Co-creación. Construir sobre las ideas de otros. ★Pensamiento crítico. Selección y análisis. Síntesis. Toma decisiones. Relaciones. Convergencia. ★Pensamiento creativo.
  34. 34. amp2+ STEM + AD Science, Technology, Maths + Arts, Design (Ciencias, tecnología, matemáticas + artes y diseño)
  35. 35. amp2+ Fuente: “innpulsos” Found on dstudio.ubc.ca Found on integrative-innovation.net
  36. 36. amp2+ ¿DÓNDE?
  37. 37. amp2+ Creativity and Prosperity: The Global Creativity Index http://martinprosperity.org/media/GCI %20Report%20Sep%202011.pdf http://www.globalinnovationindex.org
  38. 38. amp2+ Público 1er Sector Privado 2do SectorSolidario 3er Sector Centros Creatividad Promoción Innovación 4to Sector Campos De Verano / Talleres Universidades Universidades Incubadora Consultoras / Facilitadoras Labs Coworking Taller Labs Concursos / Premios
  39. 39. amp2+ ¿CÓMO COMIENZO?
  40. 40. amp2+ Fuente: http://www.designcouncil.org.uk/sites/default/files/asset/document/Design%20for%20Public%20Good.pdf
  41. 41. amp2+ Comience hoy. ¡Hágalo usted misma/o!… (Cajas de herramientas y guías) www.keepingconnected.co.uk 1The Social Design Methods Menu, beta THE SOCIAL DESIGN METHODS MENU In perpetual beta Lucy Kimbell and Joe Julier What is OpenIDEO? OpenIDEO is an open innovation platform where we tackle design challenges for social and environ- mental impact. OpenIDEO has over 40,000 community members from 170+ countries — and each member brings unique skills, experience and insights to our collaborative efforts. On OpenIDEO we value these key principles ( learn more here ): These values are present in all of our work together, from the way we share ideas to how we commu- nicate with one another. These values will be important for you and your classmates to understand and incorporate in your own efforts too. Welcome to OpenIDEO! We’re excited that you’re considering bringing OpenIDEO design challenges to your campus. This University Toolkit is here to guide you through the process of sharing OpenIDEO challenges with your campus. Read through it when you’re getting started, use it as a template when you’re looking for inspiration or refer to it as a guide when you need to get unstuck. No matter how you use it, we know you’ll enjoy being a part of such a collaborative, open and fun design and innovation process – so let’s get started! Since OpenIDEO is a digital platform that relies on virtual collaboration, it can sometimes be confusing to take these online challenges and translate them to ‘offline’ moments you can share with your friends. For some students, getting involved may be as simple and discreet as hosting a brainstorm among friends. For others, it might mean something bigger like starting an OpenIDEO club on campus. It all depends on what works best for your school’s culture, interests and schedule. The most important thing is to share OpenIDEO challenges with your community in ways that feel high-impact, engaging, authentic and fun. Inclusive Collaborative Community-centeredOptimistic Always in Beta www.frogdesign/CAT groups make change collective action toolkit v1.01 11.2012 TOOLKIT 2ND EDITION WICKED PROBLEMS: PROBLEMS WORTH SOLVING A HANDBOOK & A CALL TO ACTION BY JON KOLKO http://documents.openideo.com/ openideo_university_toolkit.pdf www.innovateuk.org/documents/ Otros recursos: - http://www.pinterest.com/ampsquare/diy-resources-social-innovation- entrepreneurship/ - http://www.pinterest.com/ampsquare/education-designthinking-design- creativity/ http:// www.designthinkingforeducators.c om/toolkit/ http://diytoolkit.org/http://www.designthinkinginschools.org/ directory/beginners-guide-to-k-12-design- thinking/ http://designtoimprovelife.dk/design-to-improve-life-education/ http://www.designtoimprovelifeeducation.dk/
  42. 42. amp2+ ¡MUCHAS GRACIAS! Para sugerencias, críticas, actualizaciones, preguntas y… ¡chocolates!: anamaria@tejeredes.net http://www.slideshare.net/amp2
  43. 43. amp2+ ANEXOS
  44. 44. amp2+ ¿Quétres librossobre competencias y/o habilidades parala innovación recomendaría? ANEXO 1
  45. 45. amp2+ Victor G. Martinez (México y Reino Unido) - Northumbria University (UK) “Doctoral Candidate' - Systems Thinking Designer y Consultor en Sustentabilidad Contacto: contact(at)vgmtheory(dot)com http://www.vgmtheory.com 1. “Las leyes de la simplicidad” de John Maeda. “Los humanos tendemos a complicarlo todo, es importante no olvidar que lo que hay detrás de la complejidad es la simplicidad, no es reduccionismo, es entender los principios fundamentales de los cambios, de los sistemas y las interacciones. La creatividad y por ende la innovación es parte de las conexiones, de los intercambios realizados en ellas y de los fenómenos emergentes que las conexiones producen. En innovación las conexiones son de muchos tipos, del mundo del diseño, de negocios, de sociología, sustentabilidad... etc…” 2. “Abundancia” de Peter Diamandis. “Es una muestra brutal de lo que el mundo esta haciendo en innovación en muchos campos y el brillante futuro que puede darse, pero ¡cuidado! esto no viene sin peligros, si no comprendemos esos principios fundamentales de los que hablaba antes.” 3. “¿De dónde vienen las ideas” de Steven Johnson. “Regresando a la idea de conexiones… También tiene una charla en TED”. Elsa Fridman (Estados Unidos) - Co-founder and Curiosity Director of the rethinked …* team Contacto: elsa@rethinked.org Twitter: ecf29 1. “Mindset:The New Psychology of Success” by Carol Dweck. “I truly believe that cultivating a growth mindset, in ourselves and our students, is the number one necessary factor for innovation. We must be willing to make mistakes, be able to reframe failures as learning and be willing to take risks and challenge ourselves—our assumptions, our habits, our version of the status quo. I haven’t found anything quite as illuminating as Dweck’s book on that topic.” 2. “Letters To A Young Contrarian” by Christopher’s Hitchens. “I find a big issue when it comes to innovation in education, is a problem of permission. Many educators and students tend to feel they need to wait for permission to innovate, to experiment and iterate with their own teaching and learning. Letters to a Young Contrarian imparts that sense of permission. (Great read for students and teachers alike.” 3. “How Children Succeed: Grit, Curiosity and the Power of Character” by Paul Tough. “This book does a wonderful job of exploring the broader context of (soft) skills and capacities that we must help our students develop to produce thriving, innovative individuals.”
  46. 46. amp2+ Jody Parra (Colombia y España) - Consultor Independiente - Design Researcher en rrebrand. Contacto: jody@rrebrand.com info@jodyparra.com 1. “Diez caras de la innovación” de Tom Kelley y Jonathan Littman 2. “La actitud innovadora” de Antoni Flores 3. “Gamestorming” por Dave Gray 4. … y un bonus “The Science of Serendipity: How to Unlock the Promise of Innovation” por Matt Kingdon 1. “Business Cycles” de Joseph A. Schumpeter 2. “The Crafstman” (El Artesano) de Richard Sennet Nicole Köck (Alemania) - Senior Researcher for the Institute of Labor Research Contacto: nicole.koeck@iab.de Juan David Martin (Colombia) - Co-fundador y emprendedor en LEVER Lab - SPD Master “Delft University of Technology” Contacto: Twitter: @juandavid77 www.juandavid77.com 1. “Brand Driven Innovation” de Erik Roscam Abbing 2. “The Connected Company” de Dave Gray 3. “Creativity Inc.” de Ed Catmull Paidi O Reilly (Irlanda) - Director of Innovation & Research - Adjunct Lecturer Contacto: Twitter: @paidioreilly 1. “The New Business Road Test: What Entrepreneurs and Executives Should Do Before Writing a Business Plan” por John Mullins 2. “Getting to Plan B: Breaking Through to a Better Business Model Book” por Randy Komisar y John Mullins 3. “101 Design Methods: A Structured Approach for Driving Innovation” por Vijay Kumar “Sobre “ecosistemas de innovación” me gusta mucho el concepto “Elastic Enterprises” de Haydn Shaughnessy.” Joan Vinyets i Rejón (España) - Emprendedor y experto en innovación. Contacto: Twitter: @JoanVinyets Web: http:// joanvinyets.net/ 1. “The Progress Principle. Using Small Wins to Ignite Joy, Engagement, and Creativity at Work”. T. Amabile & S. J. Kramer. 2. “The Future of Competition: Co-Creating Unique Value with Customers”. C.K. Prahalad &V. Ramaswamy. 3. “How Children Succeed: Grit, Curiosity, and the Hidden Power of Character”. P. Tough. 4. “Build a School in the Cloud”. Sugata Mitra.
  47. 47. amp2+ Referencias bibliográficas ANEXO 2
  48. 48. amp2+ Sobre licencias, uso de la información y “creative commons”... http://co.creativecommons.org/ http://es.creativecommons.org/blog/
  49. 49. amp2+ “Education to Employment: Designing a system that works” - Informe McKinsey http://mckinseyonsociety.com/education-to-employment/report/ Job Hopping Is the 'New Normal' for Millennials: Three Ways to Prevent a Human Resource Nightmare http://www.forbes.com/sites/jeannemeister/2012/08/14/job-hopping-is-the-new-normal-for-millennials-three-ways-to-prevent-a-human-resource-nightmare/ The Myth of the Generation Y Job Hopper http://futureofwork.glider.com/the-myth-of-the-geny-job-hopper/ The 10 Skills That Will Get You Hired In 2013 http://www.forbes.com/sites/meghancasserly/2012/12/10/the-10-skills-that-will-get-you-a-job-in-2013/ Tener buenas notas ya no basta para conseguir un buen empleo http://sociedad.elpais.com/sociedad/2013/09/24/actualidad/1380048960_183870.html Fairy Tales of the Future – Educated for Unemployment http://graspmag.org/education/rethink-mgmt-edu/fairy-tales-of-the-future-educated-for-unemployment/ “You Don’t Need A Lot Of Degrees To Get A Job Saving The World” http://www.fastcoexist.com/1681396/you-dont-need-a-lot-of-degrees-to-get-a-job-saving-the-world Learning by doing - A future work trend http://www.psfk.com/2013/01/learning-by-doing.html#!ILtXN Capitalizing on Complexity: Insights from the 2010 IBM Global CEO Study http://www-935.ibm.com/services/us/ceo/ceostudy2010/images.html Innovation ecosystems: Empowering entrepreneurs and powering economies www,barclays.com/entrepreneurs Knowmad Society http://www.knowmadsociety.com/ The Global Creativity Gap http://www.creativityatwork.com/2012/04/23/the-global-creativity-gap/ Generations @ Work http://futureworkplace.com/speaking/ Career Expectations: n-gen Generational Index Report http://www.ngenperformance.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/Career-Expectations.pdf Sobre el mercado laboral y nuevas habilidades demandadas...
  50. 50. amp2+ Sobre gestión del cambio, nuevos hábitos... Ten Reasons People Resist Change http://blogs.hbr.org/2012/09/ten-reasons-people-resist-chang/ Ten Ways to Get People to Change http://blogs.hbr.org/2012/09/ten-ways-to-get-people-to-chan/ How Might We Design for Behavior Change? http://www.linkedin.com/today/post/article/20121101225929-10842349-how-might-we-design-for-behavior-change 20 ideas sobre cómo gestionar las resistencias al cambio http://www.amaliorey.com/2013/07/05/20-ideas-sobre-como-gestionar-las-resistencias-al-cambio-post-364/ No es lo mismo promover el cambio que gestionarlo http://molini.es/es/no-es-lo-mismo-promover-el-cambio-que-gestionarlo/ New Habit? Make the Smallest Change Possible http://99u.com/workbook/15515/new-habit-make-the-smallest-change-possible Five Key Steps to Habit Change http://www.linkedin.com/today/post/article/20130616203532-117825785-five-key-steps-to-habit-change Change the culture, change the world http://sethgodin.typepad.com/seths_blog/2013/07/change-the-culture-change-the-world.html A Practical Guide to Change in the Public Sector https://www.bcgperspectives.com/content/articles/public_sector_change_management_practical_guide_to_change_in_public_sector/ “CHANGEOLOGY: How to enable groups, communities and societies to do things they've never done before” por Les Robinson.
  51. 51. amp2+ Sobre la necesidad de un cambio en la educación... AUDIOVISUALES: “Las escuelas matan la creatividad” (Con subtítulos y transcripción en español) http://www.ted.com/talks/ ken_robinson_says_schools_kill_creativity.html “La educación prohibida” (En español) http:// www.educacionprohibida.com/ “El sistema educativo es anacrónico” (En español) http:// www.redesparalaciencia.com/4593/redes/2011/redes-87-el- sistema-educativo-es-anacronico “Cambiando Paradigmas” (Traducido) http://youtu.be/ZlcSMzfmq14 “Changing Paradigms” (Con subtítulos en español) “Evolución de la educación” http://edevolution.wordpress.com/ “De las inteligenicas múltiples a la educación personalizada” (En español) http://www.redesparalaciencia.com/ 6491/redes/redes-114-de-las-inteligencias-multiples-a-la- educacion-personalizada “Crear hoy las escuelas de mañana” (En español) http:// www.redesparalaciencia.com/4114/redes/redes-77-crear-hoy-las- escuelas-de-manana “No me molestes mamá, estoy aprendiendo” (En español) http://www.redesparalaciencia.com/4040/redes/redes-75-no-me- molestes-mama-estoy-aprendiendo “The Future of Learning”, Networked Society - Ericsson http://youtu.be/quYDkuD4dMU “Build a School in the Cloud” (Subtítulos y transcripción en inglés, por ahora) http://www.ted.com/talks/ sugata_mitra_build_a_school_in_the_cloud.html ARTÍCULOS: “Education is not always linear student argues” http://www.oudaily.com/news/2012/feb/01/college-education-isnt/ Why Kids Need Schools to Change http://blogs.kqed.org/mindshift/2012/09/why-kids-need-schools-to- change/ How to Change Education - from the ground up http://www.thersa.org/events/audio-and-past-events/2013/how-to-change- education-from-the-ground-up http://youtu.be/BEsZOnyQzxQ New Ideas for Developing Great Leaders in Education http://www.fsg.org/KnowledgeExchange/Blogs/EducationYouth/PostID/ 304.aspx Does Our Current Education System Support Innovation? http://blogs.kqed.org/mindshift/2012/07/does-our-current-education- system-support-innovation/ The Real Value of Knowledge Exchange http://www.innovationmanagement.se/2013/01/17/the-real-value-of- knowledge-exchange/ 5 Trends Guiding Future 'Changemaker Universities' http://www.forbes.com/sites/ashoka/2013/05/06/5-trends-guiding-future- changemaker-universities/ Empowering Movements for Global Education Reform http://www.ssireview.org/blog/entry/ empowering_movements_for_global_education_reform What Would Be a Radically Different Vision of School? http://blogs.kqed.org/mindshift/2014/02/what-would-be-a-radically- different-vision-of-school/ Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Education http://www.mashav.mfa.gov.il/MFA/mashav/Courses/Documents/ 21-04%20Innovation%20and%20Entrepreneurship%20in%20the %20Education%20System.pdf Learning as Freedom http://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/06/opinion/john-deweys-vision-of- learning-as-freedom.html INFORMES Y LIBROS: “El Elemento” (Ken Robinson) “Stop Stealing Dreams” (Seth Godin)
  52. 52. amp2+ Sobre las competencias del s.XXI... AUDIOVISUALES: “What most schools don't teach” http://youtu.be/nKIu9yen5nc Trends of Innovation in Education (Subtítulos y transcripción en inglés) http://youtu.be/jpYXQz1NB8Y “La manera disruptiva de aprender” (En español) http:// www.redesparalaciencia.com/ 5795/redes/redes-102-la- manera-disruptiva-de-aprender “Design to Improve Life Education” http://vimeo.com/42259136 ARTÍCULOS: 8 Characteristics Of Education 3.0 http://www.teachthought.com/learning/8-characteristics-of-education30/ What is 21st Century Education? http://www.21stcenturyschools.com/what_is_21st_century_education.htm Clay Christensen takes closer look at how online learning will disrupt K-12 education — Tech News and Analysis http://gigaom.com/2013/05/23/clay-christensen-takes-closer-look-at-how-online-learning-will-disrupt- k-12-education/ It's Time for Social and Emotional Learning for All http://www.edutopia.org/blog/social-emotional-learning-for-teachers-elena-aguilar Beyond Worksheets, A True Expression of Student Learning http://blogs.kqed.org/mindshift/2014/04/beyond-worksheets-a-true-expression-of-student-learning/ Teachers’ Most Powerful Role? Adding Context http://blogs.kqed.org/mindshift/2014/04/teachers-most-powerful-role-adding-context/ How Are Students’ Roles Changing in the New Economy of Information? http://blogs.kqed.org/mindshift/2014/03/how-are-students-roles-changing-in-the-new-economy-of- information/ Teaching in the New (Abundant) Economy of Information http://blogs.kqed.org/mindshift/2014/03/teaching-in-the-new-abundant-economy-of-information/ “Don’t Lecture Me: Rethinking How College Students Learn” http://blogs.kqed.org/mindshift/2012/02/dont-lecture-me-rethinking-how-college-students-learn-2/ Más preguntas, señores alumnos http://www.yorokobu.es/preguntaralprofesor/ Why Mentorship Matters http://www.teachingquality.org/content/why-mentorship-matters “A Revolution Begins in Teacher Prep” http://www.ssireview.org/articles/entry/a_revolution_begins_in_teacher_prep INFORMES Y LIBROS: “The Unschooled Mind: How Children Think and How Schools Should Teach” (Howard Gardner) “Creating Innovators: The Making of Young People Who Will Change the World” (Tony Wagner) “Disrupting Class, Expanded Edition: How Disruptive Innovation Will Change the Way the World Learns” - Clayton Christensen, Curtis W. Johnson “The Third Teacher: 79 Ways You Can Use Design to Transform Teaching & Learning” (Architecture) “Towards Creative Learning Spaces: Re-thinking the Architecture of Post-Compulsory Education” - Jos Boys “Wicked Problems: Problems Worth Solving” (Jon Kolko) https://wickedproblems.com/
  53. 53. amp2+ Sobre el riesgo, el miedo y el fallo... The Right Way to Respond to Failure http://blogs.hbr.org/2011/03/the-right-way-to-respond-to-fa/ Strategies for Learning from Failure http://hbr.org/2011/04/strategies-for-learning-from-failure/ Lessons Learned -- Why the Failure of Systems Thinking Should Inform the Future of Design Thinking http://www.fastcompany.com/1291598/lessons-learned-why-failure-systems-thinking-should-inform-future-design-thinking At the Heart of Innovation, Failure and Trust http://www.ssireview.org/blog/entry/at_the_heart_of_innovation_failure_and_trust 21 ways to learn from failures http://www.slideshare.net/marcnewshoestoday/21-ways-to-learn-from-failures The No. 1 Enemy of Creativity: Fear of Failure http://blogs.hbr.org/2012/10/the-no-1-enemy-of-creativity-f/ Aiming for Failure http://www.huffingtonpost.com/ben-michaelis-phd/aiming-for-failure_b_2264023.html To Increase Innovation, Take the Sting Out of Failure http://blogs.hbr.org/2013/01/to-increase-innovation-take-th/ Learning from Failure : What Does It Require? http://www.15inno.com/2012/12/10/learningfromfailureprocess/ Embrace Failure to Build a Stronger Innovation Culture http://www.15inno.com/2013/05/21/failureinnoculture/ Learn From Failure http://blogs.hbr.org/2011/03/learn-from-failure/ Learn From Failure http://vimeo.com/69977212#at=0 Robert Steven Kaplan On Why You Need To Be Aware of Your Failure Narrative & Other Tips For Reaching Your Potential http://rethinked.org/?p=4546 Why We Should All Embrace the F-Word (Failure) http://www.linkedin.com/today/post/article/20130816172838-16412956-why-we-should-all-embrace-the-f-word-failure Expert advice: planning for success and failure in social enterprise http://socialenterprise.guardian.co.uk/social-enterprise-network/2012/dec/11/expert-advice-planning-success-failure-social-enterprise The F-word in International Development: Creating Space for Failure, Innovation and http://blog.hbs.edu/hbsinov8/?p=2274 What happens when an ngo admits failure http://www.ted.com/talks/david_damberger_what_happens_when_an_ngo_admits_failure 7 Things I Learned from Startup Failure http://www.linkedin.com/today/post/article/20130923123247-758147-7-things-i-learned-from-startup-failure
  54. 54. amp2+ Sobre retroalimentación, realimentación o feedback... ARTÍCULOS: The Difference Between Praise and Feedback http://blogs.kqed.org/mindshift/2014/03/the-difference-between-praise-and- feedback/ The Lessons (and People) That Changed the Top Minds in Business http://www.linkedin.com/today/post/article/20130226124208-28723569-call- mom-for-the-ticket-to-your-success Biz Ladies: How to Get the Feedback You Need to Create a Knockout Product http://www.designsponge.com/2012/11/biz-ladies-how-to-get-the-feedback- you-need-to-create-a-knockout-product.html Video: Building Feedback Into Your Creative Process http://99u.com/workbook/16709/video-building-feedback-into-your-creative- process The Shit Sandwich and Other Terrible Ways to Give Feedback http://blog.idonethis.com/post/53929069987/sandwich-feedback- performance-management VCs Should Give Honest Feedback & Why They Often Don’t http://www.linkedin.com/today/post/article/20130926170235-7298-vcs-should- give-honest-feedback-why-they-often-don-t LIBROS: “The Fiveth Solution” por Johan Galtung. “Yes is more” por BIG (Bjarke Ingels Group) “Living non violent communication” por Marshall Rosenberg. “Solving Though Problems” por Adam Kahane.
  55. 55. amp2+ Sobre resiliencia... Rethinking Education for Resilience and Sustainability http://www.treehugger.com/resilience/rethinking-education-resilience-and-sustainability.html { Rethinking Resilience, Part I } Positive Thinking, Negativity Bias, and Why I’m Leery about Lear http://rethinked.org/?p=5669 { Rethinking Resilience, Part II } Yes, You Are What You Think http://rethinked.org/?p=5709 { Rethinking Resilience, Part III } Falling into Traps http://rethinked.org/?p=5738 Resilience for the Rest of Us http://blogs.hbr.org/2011/04/resilience-for-the-rest-of-us/ Lessons On Resilience From The Country's Most Crowded Coastline http://www.fastcoexist.com/3028849/lessons-on-resilience-from-the-countrys-most-crowded-coastline Two Routes to Resilience http://www.innosight.com/innovation-resources/two-routes-to-resilience.cfm How To Build A Resilient Society Through Social Entrepreneurship: Lessons From Korea http://www.forbes.com/sites/ashoka/2013/05/14/how-to-build-a-resilient-society-through-social-entrepreneurship-lessons-from-korea/ 5 Ways Experienced Social Intrapreneurs Stay Resilient When Change Isn't Easy http://www.fastcoexist.com/3025054/5-ways-social-intrapreneurs-can-stay-resilient-when-change-isnt-easy The Road To Resilience: How Unscientific Innovation Saved Marlin Steel http://www.fastcompany.com/3012591/marlin-steel-metal-baskets
  56. 56. amp2+ Sobre la empatía... Training Educators to Teach What Matters http://startempathy.org/blog/2012/11/training-educators-teach-what-matters Teaching Empathy at Home and School. Can Schools Teach Empathy? http://rickackerly.com/2011/08/24/teaching-empathy-at-home-and-school-can-schools-teach-empathy/#more-1967 Teach empathy through relationships http://www.theinsightlabs.org/outcomes/teach-empathy-through-relationships/ Six Schools, Four Themes http://startempathy.org/blog/2013/05/six-schools-four-themes Why We Should Teach Empathy To Improve Education (And Test Scores) http://www.forbes.com/sites/ashoka/2012/09/26/why-we-should-teach-empathy-to-improve-education-and-test-scores/ Second Graders Put Empathy into Action at Nueva School http://startempathy.org/blog/2013/07/second-graders-put-empathy-action-nueva-school { Restlessness, Questioning, & Empathy } Three Book Playlists for Rethinkers…* http://rethinked.org/?p=4525 Roman Krznaric Launches The Empathy Library – “The World’s First Online Empathy Collection” http://rethinked.org/?p=4806 Dr. Brené Brown On The Power of Empathy …* http://rethinked.org/?p=4754 A Lesson in Empathy http://www.linkedin.com/today/post/article/20130313193656-10842349-a-lesson-in-empathy Empathy: Part Of The New Operating System For Our Modern World http://www.forbes.com/sites/ashoka/2013/04/24/empathy-part-of-the-new-operating-system-for-our-modern-world/ Why Empathy Is The Force That Moves Business Forward http://www.forbes.com/sites/ashoka/2013/05/30/why-empathy-is-the-force-that-moves-business-forward/ Empathy 101 http://www.linkedin.com/today/post/article/20130929085735-117825785-empathy-101
  57. 57. amp2+ Schoolchildren used business school skills to build a better trebuchet http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/toronto/schoolchildren-used-business-school-skills-to-build-a-better-trebuchet/article4104600/ 4 Ways to Quickly Tackle New Skills as a Team http://99u.com/articles/7281/4-ways-to-quickly-tackle-new-skills-as-a-team Putting The ‘I’ Back In Team http://unreasonable.is/opinion/putting-the-i-back-in-team/ Three Must-Haves for Team Creativity http://www.linkedin.com/today/post/article/20130724124244-117825785-three-must-haves-for-team-creativity Creative Teams – What 7 elements do they all share? http://www.http://rethinked.org/?p=4243bakadesuyo.com/2013/05/creative-teams Keith Yamashita on The 9 Habits of Great Creative Teams…* http://rethinked.org/?p=4243 9 Facts Every Creative Needs to Know About Collaborative Teams http://99u.com/articles/16850/everything-youve-ever-wanted-to-know-about-teams Duct Tape, Empathy, and Radical Collaboration: A Tool Kit for Changing the World http://www.gsb.stanford.edu/news/headlines/duct-tape-empathy-radical-collaboration-tool-kit-changing-world Replacing The Classroom-As-Factory With Collaborative Learning http://www.fastcoexist.com/1680321/replacing-the-classroom-as-factory-with-collaborative-learning Remake Your Class: Building a Collaborative Learning Environment (Video Playlist) http://www.edutopia.org/remake-your-class-collaborative-learning-video A Shared Purpose Drives Collaboration http://blogs.hbr.org/2014/04/a-shared-purpose-drives-collaboration/ Is It Plagiarism or Collaboration? http://blogs.kqed.org/mindshift/2014/01/is-it-plagiarism-or-collaboration/ Guidelines for Group Collaboration and Emergence http://emergentbydesign.com/2010/07/01/guidelines-for-group-collaboration-and-emergence/ A Trend That Could Change Everything, Collaborations Across Generations -- And What It Means for Causes, Nonprofits and Social Enterprises http://www.linkedin.com/today/post/article/20130419202521-162708-a-trend-that-could-change-everything-collaborations-across-generations-and-what-it-means-for-causes- nonprofits-and-social-enterprises Design for 'Glocal' Innovation: The Power of Cross-Cultural Groups http://magazine.good.is/articles/design-for-glocal-innovation-the-power-of-cross-cultural-groups Beware of Stereotypes When Working Cross-Culturally - IESE Insight http://www.ieseinsight.com/doc.aspx?id=1561&ar=9&idioma=2 Is there a payoff from top-team diversity? http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/organization/is_there_a_payoff_from_top-team_diversity Sobre el trabajo en equipo, multidisciplinar y colaborativo...
  58. 58. amp2+ Sobre creatividad... The 6 Myths Of Creativity http://www.fastcompany.com/51559/6-myths-creativity Creativity Does Not Equal Innovation www.innovationcoach.com The Creativity Killer: Group Discussions http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2011/04/the-creativity-killer-group-discussions/237531/ The Dynamics of Creativity http://sirkenrobinson.com/?p=744 Creativity Means Asking the Right Questions https://www.americanexpress.com/us/small-business/openforum/articles/creativity-means-asking-the-right-questions/ Sparking creativity in teams: An executive’s guide http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/strategy/sparking_creativity_in_teams_an_executives_guide How to Spark Innovation and Creativity http://www.businessweek.com/managing/content/oct2009/ca20091013_224181.htm The Truth: Creativity Comes From Blending Dissonant Goals Into Radical Harmony http://www.fastcodesign.com/1668889/the-truth-creativity-comes-from-blending-dissonant-goals-into-radical-harmony Rewarding Creativity: 3 Lessons on When it Works http://www.innovationmanagement.se/2012/05/09/rewarding-creativity-3-lessons-on-when-it-works/ 4 Ways To Amplify Your Creativity http://www.fastcodesign.com/1671773/4-ways-to-amplify-your-creativity Scientific American Mind on Creativity: Fire Up your Creativity http://www.humantific.com/scientific-american-mind-on-creativity/ Stop the Reckless Brainstorming and Focus your Creativity! http://www.innovationmanagement.se/2011/10/11/stop-the-reckless-brainstorming-and-focus-your-creativity You are the creative type http://edition.cnn.com/2012/07/15/opinion/kelley-creativity/index.html Does Encouraging Creativity in the Workplace Improve Innovation? http://www.innovationmanagement.se/2012/11/09/does-encouraging-creativity-in-the-workplace-improve-innovation/
  59. 59. amp2+ Sobre creatividad... ARTÍCULOS: The 16 Most Creative Countries In The World http://www.businessinsider.com/most-creative-countries-in-the-world-2011-10 How constraints can build creative inspiration. Creative Ideas & Inspiration Blog http://creativesomething.net/post/22318712361/how-constraints-can-build-creative-inspiration Lessons in Creativity. https://medium.com/i-dont-know-a-thing/73de47173fb9 How to build your creative confidence http://www.ted.com/talks/david_kelley_how_to_build_your_creative_confidence Want To Make Your Environment More Creative? Kill Some Rules. http://99u.com/articles/7245/want-to-make-your-environment-more-creative-kill-some-rules 5 Ways To Spark Your Creativity http://www.npr.org/2012/06/21/155369663/5-ways-to-spark-your-creativity Turn It Up: How the Right Amount of Ambient Noise Increases Creativity http://99u.com/articles/16711/turn-it-up-how-the-right-about-of-ambient-noise-increases- creativity Sir Ken Robinson: Creativity is Key to a Company’s Success http://www.realbusiness.com/2014/04/sir-ken-robinson-creativity-is-key-to-a-companys-success/ Creativity Is Hard Work http://www.linkedin.com/today/post/article/20131001115559-1816165-creativity-is-hard-work 10 Myths About Creativity You Need to Stop Believing Now http://www.entrepreneur.com/article/229600 4 Things We Have Wrong About Creativity http://www.fastcompany.com/3025319/work-smart/4-things-we-have-wrong-about-creativity A Nation of Makers: The Idiosyncratic Process of Being a Creative Entrepreneur in China http://www.core77.com/blog/strategy_research/ a_nation_of_makers_the_idiosyncratic_process_of_being_a_creative_entrepreneur_in_china_24630 .asp LIBROS: “El espíritu creativo” Daniel Goleman - Paul Kaufman “Las ciudades creativas” - Richard Florida “El aprendizaje de la creatividad” - José Antonio Marina “The Progress Principle. Using Small Wins to Ignite Joy, Engagement, and Creativity at Work” T. Amabile - S. J. Kramer. “The art of choosing” - Sheena Iyengar “Steal like an artist: 10 things nobody told you about being creative” - Austin Kleon “Show your work: 10 ways to share your creativity and get discovered” - Austin Kleon “The Spark: igniting the creative fire that lives within us all” Lyn Heward - John U. Bacon “Cómo ser un explorador del mundo” - Keri Smith “Esto no es un libro” - Keri Smith
  60. 60. amp2+ Do Schools Kill Creativity? http://www.huffingtonpost.com/sir-ken-robinson/do-schools-kill-creativity_b_2252942.html Why is Creativity Important in Education? http://tv.adobe.com/watch/creativity-in-education/why-is-creativity-important-in-education/ Study: Creativity Should be Taught as a Course http://www.adobe.com/aboutadobe/pressroom/pressreleases/201211/110712AdobeEducationCreativityStudy.html Creativity in Action http://www.ssireview.org/blog/entry/creativity_in_action/ Creativity is rejected : Teachers and bosses don’t value out-of-the-box thinking. http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2013/12/ creativity_is_rejected_teachers_and_bosses_don_t_value_out_of_the_box_thinking.html How to think about CREATIVITY in education…* { Part 1 } http://rethinked.org/?p=5501 How to think about CREATIVITY in education…* { Part 2 } http://rethinked.org/?p=5624 How to think about CREATIVITY in education…* { Part 3 } http://rethinked.org/?p=5757 What At Your Age Is Called Fantasy & Imagination Is Called Creative Thinking Later On, Don’t Lose It …* http://rethinked.org/?p=5377 Frog Design: The Four Secrets of Playtime That Foster Creative Kids http://www.fastcodesign.com/1662826/frog-design-the-four-secrets-of-playtime-that-foster-creative-kids A creative future for education http://forumblog.org/2013/02/a-creative-future-for-education/ To Raise A Generation Of Creative Kids, Let Them Make Their Own Stories http://www.fastcoexist.com/1680486/to-raise-a-generation-of-creative-kids-let-them-make-their-own-stories Creative education: is now the time for realism or optimism? http://www.theguardian.com/culture-professionals-network/culture-professionals-blog/2013/jun/17/creative-education-optimism-not-realism Sobre la creatividad en la educación...
  61. 61. amp2+ How Design Thinking Could Help Solve the Skills Gap http://magazine.good.is/articles/how-design-thinking-could-help-solve-the-skills-gap The 4-Step Guide To Critical Thinking Skills http://www.edudemic.com/the-4-step-guide-to-critical-thinking-skills/ Embracing Teachers as Critical Thinkers http://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2014/03/26/26ruenzel.h33.html How to Develop 5 Critical Thinking Types http://www.forbes.com/sites/work-in-progress/2012/03/27/how-to-develop-5-critical-thinking-types/ Sobre pensamiento crítico... Project-Based Work -- Your Key to Innovation http://youtu.be/upPCH9HP2nA No Courses, No Classrooms, No Grades — Just Learning http://blogs.kqed.org/mindshift/2014/04/no-courses-no-classrooms-no-grades-just-learning/ One Size Does Not Fit All: The Need for Variety in Learning http://blogs.kqed.org/mindshift/2014/03/one-size-does-not-fit-all-the-need-for-variety-in-learning/ Glocalized learning : What's relevant in the rural world http://smartblogs.com/education/2014/02/14/glocalized-learning-whats-relevant-in-the-rural-world/ Vermont helps students with personalized learning plans http://www.reformer.com/news/ci_25022346/vermont-helps-students-personalized-learning-plans Beyond Worksheets, A True Expression of Student Learning Sobre aprendizaje por proyectos y personalizado...
  62. 62. amp2+ El diseño de las escuelas influye en el aprendizaje http://es.euronews.com/2012/08/14/el-diseno-de-las-escuelas-influye-en-el-aprendizaje/ Un colegio que no parece un colegio http://www.yorokobu.es/un-colegio-que-no-parece-un-colegio/ School Without Walls Fosters A Free-Wheeling Theory Of Learning http://www.fastcodesign.com/1665867/school-without-walls-fosters-a-free-wheeling-theory-of-learning#1 Exploring How Space Effects Learning http://360.steelcase.com/articles/exploring-how-space-effects-learning/ Working Alone, Together http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/05/fashion/solo-workers-bond-at-shared-workspaces.html “8 Insane Schools, Playgrounds, And Libraries Of The Future” http://www.fastcoexist.com/1679909/8-insane-schools-playgrounds-and-libraries-of-the-future#1 Sobre los espacios... Sobre cultura, clima, geografía... AUDIOVISUALES: “Cuestión de educación” (El caso finlandés) http://www.lasexta.com/videos/salvados/2013- febrero-3-2013020300007.html “The Finland Phenomenon: Inside the World's Most Surprising School System” http://youtu.be/bcC2l8zioIw “Finland Students - 8th and 9th Grade” http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=Gox6yBBDyRY&feature=share&list=UUxsLhCueBbW9qETKkbjalnQ ARTÍCULOS: “From Economicist to Culturalis Development Theories: How Strong is the Relation between Cultural Aspects and Economic Development?” http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/09578810412331332677#/doi/abs/ 10.1080/09578810412331332677 “Struggle Means Learning: Difference in Eastern and Western Cultures” http://blogs.kqed.org/mindshift/2012/11/struggle-means-learning-difference-in-eastern- and-western-cultures/ The Organisational Cultural research project http://geert-hofstede.com/finland.html “The rise of 'glocal' students and transnational education” http://www.guardian.co.uk/higher-education-network/blog/2012/jun/21/opportunities-in- transnational-education
  63. 63. amp2+ ¡FIN!

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