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Revelation 13 by amos.pptx

  2. THE LITERARY STRUCTURE OF REVELATION 13 Past (Revelation 13:1-3): Description of the beast (John sees the beast) Future (Revelation 13:3, 4): The wound is healed and the whole world worships the beast Past (Revelation 13:5-7): Actions of the beast amplified (John hears the actions of the beast) The whole world will worship the beast when the wound is healed Future (Revelation 13:8) Past Revelation 13:9-10: The deadly wound is given Future (Revelation 13:11-18): The whole world will worship (Revelation 13:15—worship is the issue) the first beast by command of the second beast.
  3. THE OLD TESTAMENT BACKGROUNDS There are hints in Revelation 13 that come from four Old Testament backgrounds. These hints should lead us to study the Old Testament stories in their totality.
  4. THEY INCLUDE: 1. The beasts of Daniel 7 (Revelation 13:2) 2. The story of the exodus (the song of Moses and the Lamb in chapter 15:2-4) 3 .The Elijah story (fire that comes down from heaven in chapter 13:13) 4 .Daniel 3 (Nebuchadnezzar and his image
  5. THE PARTIES AND ISSUES INVOLVED IN REVELATION 13 The dragon (Rome which gave its authority to the beast, 13:2)  The first (sea) beast who received the deadly wound  The second (land) beast who helps the deadly wound to heal  The image of and to the beast which is erected by the land beast in honor of the beast and in his presence  The earth dwellers who worship the beast and his image  The victorious remnant which have the seal of God (Revelation 14:1-5; 15:2-4).  The mark of the beast which is opposite of the seal of God (Revelation 14:1).  The number of the beast’s name
  6. CHURCH AND STATE IN REVELATION 13: THE BACKGROUND OF DANIEL 2 •Daniel 2:41, 42: “Whereas you saw the feet and toes, partly of potter's clay and partly of iron, the kingdom shall be divided; yet the strength of the iron shall be in it, just as you saw the iron mixed with ceramic clay. 42 And as the toes of the feet were partly of iron and partly of clay, so the kingdom shall be partly strong and partly fragile.”
  7. 4 POINTS TO NOTE The iron of the legs continues in the feet of the image. This means that the civil power of the Roman Empire continues in the foot stage  A new element is added to the iron in the foot stage and as a result you have an illegitimate amalgamation  The clay is of a particular type—it is potter’s clay  Iron and clay, when they are alone, are both useful and have their legitimate function. It is only when they are mixed that both are weakened
  8. WHAT DOES THE POTTER’S CLAY REPRESENT? • "We have come to a time when God's sacred work is represented by the feet of the image in which the iron was mixed with the miry clay. God has a people, a chosen people, whose discernment must be sanctified, who must not become unholy by laying upon the foundation wood, hay, and stubble. Every soul who is loyal to the commandments of God will see that the distinguishing feature of our faith is the seventh-day Sabbath. If the government would honor…
  9. …… ...the Sabbath as God has commanded, it would stand in the strength of God and in defense of the faith once delivered to the saints. But statesmen will uphold the spurious sabbath, and will mingle their religious faith with the observance of this child of the papacy, placing it above the Sabbath which the Lord has sanctified and blessed, setting it apart for man to keep holy, as a sign between Him and His people to a thousand generations. The mingling of churchcraft and statecraft is represented by the iron and the clay. This union is weakening all the power of the churches. This investing the church with the power of the state will bring evil results. Men have almost passed the point of God's forbearance. They have invested their strength in politics, and have united with the papacy. But the time will come when God will punish those who have made void His law, and their evil work will recoil upon themselves” Manuscript 63, 1899. 4BC 1168
  10. JEREMIAH 18:1-6 EXPLAINS THAT THE CLAY REPRESENTS GOD’S OLD TESTAMENT PEOPLE, ISRAEL • “The word which came to Jeremiah from the Lord, saying: "Arise and go down to the potter's house, and there I will cause you to hear My words." Then I went down to the potter's house, and there he was, making something at the wheel. And the vessel that he made of clay was marred in the hand of the potter; so he made it again into another vessel, as it seemed good to the potter to make. Then the word of the Lord came to me, saying: "O house of Israel, can I not do with you as this potter?" says the Lord. "Look, as the clay is in the potter's hand, so are you in My hand, O house of Israel!”
  11. THE UNION OF CHURCH AND STATE •Revelation 17:1, 2 describes the same mixture of Church and state but uses different symbolism. Instead of referring to the mixture of iron and clay it refers to a fornicating relationship between the apostate harlot Church and the kings of the earth.
  12. FORNICATION • “Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and talked with me, saying to me, ‘Come, I will show you the judgment of the great harlot who sits on many waters, 2 with whom the kings of the earth committed fornication, and the inhabitants of the earth were made drunk with the wine of her fornication.’” •Revelation 18:1-3: Fornication presents the same scenario where the harlot church fornicates with the kings of the earth.
  13. A PARALLEL TO CHRIST’S DAY •“It was by departure from the Lord, and alliance with the heathen, that the Jewish church became a harlot; and Rome, corrupting herself in like manner by seeking the support of worldly powers, receives a like condemnation.” The Great Controversy, p. 382
  14. JEWISH HARLOT OF CHRIST’S DAY • “There is a striking similarity between the Church of Rome and the Jewish Church at the time of Christ's first advent. While the Jews secretly trampled upon every principle of the law of God, they were outwardly rigorous in the observance of its precepts, loading it down with exactions and traditions that made obedience painful and burdensome. As the Jews professed to revere the law, so do Romanists claim to reverence the cross. They exalt the symbol of Christ's sufferings, while in their lives they deny Him whom it represents.” The Great Controversy, p. 568
  15. AS CHRIST WAS TREATED…….. • Both Scripture and the Spirit of Prophecy clearly affirm that the history of Jesus will be repeated again with His body, the church: • John 16:1-3: "These things I have spoken to you that you should not be made to stumble. 2 They will put you out of the synagogues; yes, the time is coming that whoever kills you will think that he offers God service. 3 And these things they will do to you because they have not known the Father nor Me.”
  16. THE SAME SCENES WILL BE REVIVED •“The forces of the powers of darkness will unite with human agents who have given themselves unto the control of Satan, and the same scenes that were exhibited at the trial, rejection and crucifixion of Christ will be revived. (Manuscript S 39, 1894). 5BC 1136
  17. AS WITH THE DRAGON BEAST OF DANIEL 7, THE DRAGON BEAST (FOURTH BEAST) OF REVELATION 12-13 ALSO HAS FOUR CONSECUTIVE STAGES OF DOMINION:  Imperial Rome: The dragon which sought to kill Jesus (12:1-3  Divided Rome: The dragon had ten horns (12:3)  Papal Rome: The beast which received its power, throne and great authority from the dragon and then ruled for 42 months (13:5)  Papal Rome: The beast which will rule the world again after the deadly wound is healed (13:3)
  18. VISION John describes the beast as it emerges from the water. The beast has seven heads and ten horns, the same as the dragon in Revelation 12:3-4, showing its close connection with pagan Rome. Upon the heads of the beast is a blasphemous name, and upon the horns are royal crowns. The heads of the beast are the kingdoms that Satan has used to persecute God’s people throughout history (Rev. 17:9-11). John watches as a monstrous beast rises out of the sea. While a beast represents a political power, the description of the sea beast points to a political power that has religion as a dominant characteristic.
  19. REV 13:1,2 Revelation 13:1, 2: “Then I stood on the sand of the sea. And I saw a beast rising up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and on his horns ten crowns, and on his heads a blasphemous name. Now the beast which I saw was like a leopard, his feet were like the feet of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion. The dragon gave him his power, his throne, and great authority.”
  20. REVELATION 13:1-10 PARALLELS DANIEL 7 •Just a glance at Revelation 13:1, 2 reveals a clear link with Daniel 7. The same sequence of powers appears in both passages: • Revelation 13:1, 2: “Now the beast which I saw was like a leopard, his feet were like the feet of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion. The dragon gave him his power, his throne, and great authority.”
  21. THE SEA BEAST IS GIVEN POWER,SEAT AND GREAT AUTHORITY It will be noticed that the beast which received its power, its throne and great authority from the dragon performed the same actions for the same time period as the little horn:
  22. WOUNDING OF THE PAPACY • Revelation 13:3: “And I saw one of his heads as if it had been mortally wounded, and his deadly wound was healed and all the world marveled and followed the beast.” • Only one head of the beast is wounded, the head that ruled during the 42 months. The beast has seven heads but they rule consecutively one at a time. When we study Revelation 17 we will find that at this point in the prophecy, five of the heads had already died. At the moment when John saw this beast, the head had been freshly wounded. Whereas the other heads all died to never live again, this head will live again.
  23. CRUCIAL QUESTIONS • With what weapon was the beast wounded? • What does the sword represent? • How and when did the beast acquire the sword? • What is the meaning of the deadly wound? • Was the deadly wound healed in 1801 or 1929 • What presently keeps the deadly wound from healing? • When and how will the wound be healed and by whom
  24. 1.WITH WHAT WEAPON WAS THE BEAST WOUNDED? Revelation 13:10 explains that the deadly wound that ended the dragon’s third stage of rule was given with the sword. When the sword wounded the beast it was led into captivity which means that it was not free to wreak havoc like it did during the period of its dominion: Revelation 13:10: “He who leads into captivity shall go into captivity; he who kills with the sword must be killed with the sword.” it was the beast who killed with the sword and in turn was killed with it:
  25. THE SWORD THAT WOUNDED THE BEAST The sword can represent the Bible but it can also represent the punitive power of the state to punish civil and criminal transgressions. “But Jesus said to him, ‘Put your sword in its place, for all who take the sword will perish by the sword.’” (Matthew 26:52) Jesus soundly rebuked Peter in words strikingly similar to those of Revelation 13:10:
  26. WHAT IS THE DEADLY WOUND? The deadly wound was given to the papacy when the sword of the state that the papacy had used to persecute God’s people turned against it. The deadly wound then was the removal of the sword of the state from the hand of the papacy. This led to papacy into captivity because it could no longer use the power of the state to enforce its practices and dogmas
  27. WHEN DID THE PAPACY RECEIVE THE DEADLY WOUND? The year 1798 marked the climax of the French Revolution that began in 1789. The Revolution was an uprising against both kingly power and priestly intolerance. On February 12, 1798 General Berthier entered Vatican City, deposed pope Pius VI, informed him that his power was at an end, and took him prisoner to France where he later died in exile. The emperor, Napoleon Bonaparte, had already given the order that a successor not be elected.
  28. ELLEN WHITE SAYS “Thus Rome succeeded in arraying France against the Reformation. It was to uphold the throne, preserve the nobles, and maintain the laws, that the sword of persecution was first unsheathed in France.” The Great Controversy, p. 277
  29. THE HEALING OF THE WOUND Revelation 13:3 describes the healing of the deadly wound: “And I saw one of his heads as if it had been mortally wounded, and his deadly wound was healed and all the world marveled and followed the beast.”
  30. WHY HASN’T THE MORTAL WOUND HEALED YET? The reason why the mortal wound has not yet healed is because the secular governments of the world have not allowed the papacy to ride on them once again. So to speak, the chains that fell off the hands of the papacy when the civil power of the Roman Empire fell in the third and fourth centuries were slapped back on her hands in 1798. “Let the restraints now imposed by secular governments be removed and Rome be reinstated in her former power, and there would speedily be a revival of her tyranny and persecution.” The Great Controversy, p. 564
  32. 42 MONTHS (1260 DAYS) • Revelation 13:5-7 states that the period of the beast’s persecuting activities through Christian history is 42 “months”. As we have seen, persecution of the pure woman lasted for “a time and times and half a time;” that is three and a half “times” or prophetic “years” (Rev. 12:13-14; compare Dan. 7:25). • This phase ends when John sees “one of his [the beast’s] heads as if it had been mortally wounded” (emphasis added). The subsequent healing of this “deadly wound” points to a time after 1798 when the beast would be revived and its power restored. The healing of the deadly wound draws the admiration of the world, and they worship both the dragon and the beast. Forty-two prophetic “months” equals 30 days multiplied by 42, or 1,260 days/years (Rev. 12:6). Therefore, “a time and times and half a time”, 42 “months”, and 1,260 “days” all refer to the same time period of 1,260 years.
  33. The blasphemous name points to the divine title the beast claims. The ten horns point to Daniel 7:24, symbolizing the nations that sprang out of the Roman Empire after its demise. These characteristics of the sea beast all point to the papacy that grew out of the Roman Empire.
  34. DESCRIPTION • The beast from the sea resembles a leopard with feet of a bear and the mouth of a lion. As such, the beast combines the characteristics of the four beasts (symbols of world empires) in Daniel 7:2-7: Babylon, Media-Persia, Greece, and Rome. However, John lists them in reverse order, which from his first- century perspective shows that the sea beast is related to the fourth beast of Daniel chapter 7, the Roman Empire. • The dragon (the pagan Roman Empire empowered by Satan) gave the beast his power, his throne, and great authority. Just as the Father has given His throne and authority to Christ (Rev. 2:27), so Satan invests the beast as his coregent and representative on earth.
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