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Júlio Pomar


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Júlio Pomar

  1. 1. Júlio Pomar Made by: Ana Nunes nº2, 12ºAV1
  2. 2. Historic context Neorealism Dates from the beginning of the 20th century, more precisely in the 30s and 40s.
  3. 3. Neorealism • It is a cultural, artistic and literary trend which has as primary themes the social and economic conditions of the population. This New Realism represents the whole social reality of that time, the 20th century “Neo”: it means new Realism: represents the reality as it is
  4. 4. It is based on a marxist ideology. This trend explores the fight between social classes. Contributes for the end of man's exploration made by other man.
  5. 5. The Neorealism appeared in Portugal in the 40s, in the context of the Modern Art. Many events contributed for this, such as: An economic crisis (after the World War I) The arise of totalitarian regimes The spanish civil war and the World War II
  6. 6. Júlio Pomar was born in the 10th of january 1926 in Lisbon. He studied in the School of Arts António Arroio, also in University of Belas Artes in Lisbon, and then studying in Porto. He colaborated at the newspaper “A Tarde” in 1945 in the weekly page called “A arte”. He joins the Communist Youth and later the MUD juvenile. He is arrested by PIDE (a political police), in 1947, along with all members of the board, MUD Juvenile, but the most important neo-realist works was exhibited in the General Exhibition of Fine Arts. Biography of the artist
  7. 7. In 1953, he deals with the reality of the hard works on the rice fields of Ribatejo. So his painting style became more stiffer, corresponding to a more realist, anti- expressive form. Since 1957, with the influence of Goya, and after visiting Paris, the artist’s drawing became quicker, freer and more economic. The painting “Maria da Fonte” is the first work showing this new technique. Later on, Júlio Pomar will continue to work in the areas of illustration, decoration and ceramics.
  8. 8. His travelings were also a big influence to his themes. • In 1963, he starts living permanently in Paris, working in the stock market of the Caloustre Gulbenkian Foundation. • His most popular themes are • Literature; • The popular tradition; • The events of the time; • An interaction with the elder masters; • And erotism.
  9. 9. In the late 1960’s, he started using acrylic paint. Which makes him change his paintings, switching from his usual color scheme to the use of primary colors, and with no mixtures between the colours. Later on, he also used the collage technique.
  10. 10. He received several important awards: • In 1994, the Associação Internacional dos Críticos de Arte award; • In 2000, the Celpa/Vieira da Silva award; • And in 2003, the Amadeo de Souza-Cardoso award. Several antological exhibitions have been comissioned, the most recent being: • In 2004, in Berardo Museum in Sintra, called Autobiography; • In 2008, in Serralves Museum, called Cadeia da relação – with works from different fases from the artist’s career. He exhibited many of his works in exhibitions in Portugal and also in other countries.
  11. 11. The artist Júlio Pomar lived that Neo- realistic period. His work was based a lot on that theme, wanting to represent the problems and misery that were being experienced in Portugal. Later, in the 1980s the author changed to a more light and informal style of painting. Júlio Pomar explored different artistic techniques such as engraving, sculpture, ilustrating, tapestry and tiles, though nowdays he is dedicated more to painting and writing.