Abnormal Psychology With thanks to Ron Comer for use of his definitions.
Defining Mental Disorder <ul><li>Defining Mental Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Discussing Particular Abnormalities </li></ul...
Defining Mental Disorder <ul><li>THREE CLASSIC SYMPTOMS of MENTAL DISORDER: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hallucinations:  false s...
Defining Mental Disorder No Mild  Moderate   Severe Disorder Disorder  Disorder   Disorder
Defining Mental Disorder <ul><li>Distress </li></ul><ul><li>Maladaptiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Irrationality </li></ul><ul>...
Defining Mental Disorder <ul><li>Reasons for differences in rates of disorders and types of symptoms -- are there real cul...
Defining Mental Disorder
Defining Mental Disorder Homosexuality was defined as a disorder in previous DSM Manuals
Defining Mental Disorder It is current practice in China to institutionalize members of the Falun Gong religion
Defining Mental Disorder Sarafem – another name for Prozac
Types of Mental Disorders <ul><li>Personality Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Mood Disorde...
Personality Disorders Inflexible pattern of inner experience and outward behavior which deviates markedly from one’s cultu...
Antisocial Personality  Shows a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of other people’s rights.  Up to 3.5% ma...
Antisocial Personality  Tend to be skillful at manipulating people. Are not distressed by the pain they cause, often perce...
Borderline Personality  Characterized by mood shifts, unstable self-image, and impulsivity. 2% of the U.S. population suff...
Anxiety Disorders <ul><li>Generalized Anxiety Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Phobias </li></ul><ul><li>Panic Disorder </li></u...
Generalized Anxiety Disorder General “free floating” anxiety about everything 3.8% of the U.S. population exhibit symptoms...
Phobia Persistent and unreasonable fear of a particular object 10-11% of the U.S. population exhibit symptoms (Magee et al...
Phobia Luposlipaphobia : The fear of being pursued by timber wolves around a kitchen table while wearing socks on a newly ...
Panic Disorders Periodic, discrete bouts of panic that occur abruptly and peak within 10 minutes 2.3 % of the U.S. populat...
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Obsession – Persistent thoughts, ideas, impulses, or images that invade consciousness Compul...
PTSD Distinct patterns of behavior that arise in reaction to a psychologically traumatic event. 7.8% of U.S. population wi...
Mood Disorders <ul><li>Unipolar depression </li></ul><ul><li>Bipolar Depression </li></ul>
Unipolar Depression Severe, long lasting, and debilitating sadness. 5-10% of the U.S. population experiences clinical depr...
Bipolar Depression Depressive episodes followed by manic episodes. Mania – dramatic and inappropriate elevations of mood. ...
Other Disorders Memory disorders (Alzheimer’s, Amnesia, Korsakoff’s )  Perceptual disorders (Agnosia, Prosopagnosia, Negle...
Therapy Regimens <ul><li>Behavioral Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Psychoanalytic Therapy <...
Why would somebody be afraid of white furry objects?  Behavioral Therapy
Systematic Desensitization  Behavioral Therapy
Flooding Behavioral Therapy
Aversion Therapy Ipecac Alcohol + + = = Sobriety Behavioral Therapy
Other Behavioral Therapies Social Learning Therapy Operant Conditioning Therapy Behavioral Therapy
Constant Repetition of Negative thoughts leads to abnormality Cognitive Therapy
Nobody likes me    Even people who like me      occasionally get mad at me I’m a moron      I’m smart, even if I do make...
Freud and his famous couch Psychoanalytic Therapy
Freud saw many things as having sexual overtones Psychoanalytic Therapy
Carl Jung Collective Unconcious and Archetypes The shadow archetype Psychoanalytic Therapy
The patient best knows his or her own mind, the psychologist’s job is to facilitate self-therapy Eliza the Online Therapis...
<ul><li>The 3 necessary elements of Humanistic Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Unconditional Positive Regard </li></ul><ul><li>G...
Interpersonal Dynamics lead to Abnormality <ul><li>Switch Rolls </li></ul><ul><li>Switch Power structure (as in The Simpso...
Biomedical Therapy
Psychosurgery Biomedical Therapy
Electroconvulsive Therapy Induce small seizures to correct for chemical imbalances Biomedical Therapy
Homework <ul><li>Watch “Girl Interrupted” </li></ul><ul><li>“ What is Borderline Personality Disorder?”  </li></ul><ul><li...
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  1. 1. Abnormal Psychology With thanks to Ron Comer for use of his definitions.
  2. 2. Defining Mental Disorder <ul><li>Defining Mental Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Discussing Particular Abnormalities </li></ul><ul><li>Therapy Regimens </li></ul>
  3. 3. Defining Mental Disorder <ul><li>THREE CLASSIC SYMPTOMS of MENTAL DISORDER: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hallucinations: false sensory experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delusions: disorders of logical thinking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affective Disturbances: inappropriately strong or absent emotional response </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Defining Mental Disorder No Mild Moderate Severe Disorder Disorder Disorder Disorder
  5. 5. Defining Mental Disorder <ul><li>Distress </li></ul><ul><li>Maladaptiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Irrationality </li></ul><ul><li>Unpredictability </li></ul><ul><li>Unconventionality </li></ul><ul><li>Observer Discomfort </li></ul>
  6. 6. Defining Mental Disorder <ul><li>Reasons for differences in rates of disorders and types of symptoms -- are there real cultural differences? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personality / cognitive style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Definitions of mental illness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acceptability of mental (as opposed to physical) distress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usage of medical and psychological services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Views of the origins and treatment of illness </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Defining Mental Disorder
  8. 8. Defining Mental Disorder Homosexuality was defined as a disorder in previous DSM Manuals
  9. 9. Defining Mental Disorder It is current practice in China to institutionalize members of the Falun Gong religion
  10. 10. Defining Mental Disorder Sarafem – another name for Prozac
  11. 11. Types of Mental Disorders <ul><li>Personality Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Mood Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Other Disorders </li></ul>
  12. 12. Personality Disorders Inflexible pattern of inner experience and outward behavior which deviates markedly from one’s culture. Paranoid, Schizoid, Antisocial , Borderline , Narcissistic, Histrionic, Avoidant, Dependent
  13. 13. Antisocial Personality Shows a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of other people’s rights. Up to 3.5% manifest an antisocial personality disorder (APA, 1994) Symptoms: Repeatedly deceitful, irresponsible with money, impulsive, tendency to start fights, egocentric, no regard for safety of self or others.
  14. 14. Antisocial Personality Tend to be skillful at manipulating people. Are not distressed by the pain they cause, often perceived as lacking any moral conscience. “ They glibly rationalize their actions by characterizing their victims as weak and deserving of being conned or stolen from” (Comer, 1997)
  15. 15. Borderline Personality Characterized by mood shifts, unstable self-image, and impulsivity. 2% of the U.S. population suffer from Borderline personality disorder (APA, 1994). Symptoms: Intense, conflict filled relationships, overstep relationship boundaries, fear of desertion, suicidal thoughts, self-mutilation, emptiness, boredom, confusion about identity.
  16. 16. Anxiety Disorders <ul><li>Generalized Anxiety Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Phobias </li></ul><ul><li>Panic Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Obsessive Compulsive Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Post Traumatic Stress Disorder </li></ul>
  17. 17. Generalized Anxiety Disorder General “free floating” anxiety about everything 3.8% of the U.S. population exhibit symptoms (APA, 1994). Symptoms: Restlessness, Quick to Fatigue, Trouble Concentrating, Irritability, Muscle Tension, Sleep Problems.
  18. 18. Phobia Persistent and unreasonable fear of a particular object 10-11% of the U.S. population exhibit symptoms (Magee et al., 1996). Common Phobias: Heights, Death, Snakes, Interacting with others, Crowds, injections, doctors, spiders, flying.
  19. 19. Phobia Luposlipaphobia : The fear of being pursued by timber wolves around a kitchen table while wearing socks on a newly waxed floor (Gary Larson, the far side)
  20. 20. Panic Disorders Periodic, discrete bouts of panic that occur abruptly and peak within 10 minutes 2.3 % of the U.S. population suffer from Panic Disorder (Weissman et al., 1997) Symptoms: Palpitations of the heart, shortness of breath, chest pains, choking sensation, faintness, dizziness
  21. 21. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Obsession – Persistent thoughts, ideas, impulses, or images that invade consciousness Compulsion – Repetitive and rigid behaviors or mental acts that a person feels compelled to perform to reduce distress 2% of the U.S. population suffer from OCD (APA, 1994).
  22. 22. PTSD Distinct patterns of behavior that arise in reaction to a psychologically traumatic event. 7.8% of U.S. population will experience at least one episode in their lifetime Symptoms: Re-experiencing traumatic event, avoidance, reduced responsiveness, increased arousal (anxiety/guilt)
  23. 23. Mood Disorders <ul><li>Unipolar depression </li></ul><ul><li>Bipolar Depression </li></ul>
  24. 24. Unipolar Depression Severe, long lasting, and debilitating sadness. 5-10% of the U.S. population experiences clinical depression in a given year (Kessler et al, 1994) Symptoms: Feelings of sadness, loss of sense of humor, lack of drive, suicidal thoughts, anxiety, staying in bed, easily distracted
  25. 25. Bipolar Depression Depressive episodes followed by manic episodes. Mania – dramatic and inappropriate elevations of mood. 1.5% of the U.S. population suffers from bipolar depression (Kessler et al, 1994) Symptoms: hyperactivity, insomnia, arbitrary decision making, delusions.
  26. 26. Other Disorders Memory disorders (Alzheimer’s, Amnesia, Korsakoff’s ) Perceptual disorders (Agnosia, Prosopagnosia, Neglect, Balint’s) Language disorders (Broca’s Aphasia, Wernicke’s Aphasia) Physical Disorders (Anorexia, Bulimia, Obesity) Misc. (Phantom Limb, Imposter Effect, Autism, Schizophrenia)
  27. 27. Therapy Regimens <ul><li>Behavioral Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Psychoanalytic Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Humanistic Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Family Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Biomedical Therapy </li></ul>
  28. 28. Why would somebody be afraid of white furry objects? Behavioral Therapy
  29. 29. Systematic Desensitization Behavioral Therapy
  30. 30. Flooding Behavioral Therapy
  31. 31. Aversion Therapy Ipecac Alcohol + + = = Sobriety Behavioral Therapy
  32. 32. Other Behavioral Therapies Social Learning Therapy Operant Conditioning Therapy Behavioral Therapy
  33. 33. Constant Repetition of Negative thoughts leads to abnormality Cognitive Therapy
  34. 34. Nobody likes me  Even people who like me occasionally get mad at me I’m a moron  I’m smart, even if I do make mistakes now and then I’m worthless  I’m a good person My jokes are bad  It’s not my fault that the class has no sense of humor. Cognitive Therapy
  35. 35. Freud and his famous couch Psychoanalytic Therapy
  36. 36. Freud saw many things as having sexual overtones Psychoanalytic Therapy
  37. 37. Carl Jung Collective Unconcious and Archetypes The shadow archetype Psychoanalytic Therapy
  38. 38. The patient best knows his or her own mind, the psychologist’s job is to facilitate self-therapy Eliza the Online Therapist Humanistic Therapy
  39. 39. <ul><li>The 3 necessary elements of Humanistic Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Unconditional Positive Regard </li></ul><ul><li>Genuineness </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Directive Guidance </li></ul>Humanistic Therapy
  40. 40. Interpersonal Dynamics lead to Abnormality <ul><li>Switch Rolls </li></ul><ul><li>Switch Power structure (as in The Simpsons) </li></ul><ul><li>Group Discussion </li></ul>Family Therapy
  41. 41. Biomedical Therapy
  42. 42. Psychosurgery Biomedical Therapy
  43. 43. Electroconvulsive Therapy Induce small seizures to correct for chemical imbalances Biomedical Therapy
  44. 44. Homework <ul><li>Watch “Girl Interrupted” </li></ul><ul><li>“ What is Borderline Personality Disorder?” </li></ul><ul><li>Read the clinical psych jokes </li></ul><ul><li>“ Why Mental Health Professionals don’t help” </li></ul><ul><li>Insanity in Literature </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Joy (or other pop psych guru) </li></ul>

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