Branches of linguistics

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Branches of linguistics

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  • is applied linguistics a branch of micro or macro linguistics?
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Branches of linguistics

  1. 1. Branches of LinguisticsUniversity of the Punjab , Department of English Language & Literature.Lahore, Pakistan
  2. 2. Branches of LinguisticsMicroGeneral /TheoreticalDescriptive/AppliedMacro
  3. 3. Theoretical (General) LinguisticsConcerned with:• Frameworks– for describing individual languages• Concepts & Categories– A particular Language(s)• Theories– about universal aspects of language
  4. 4. Descriptive /Applied Linguistics• Describe or give data:– To confirm or refute the theory of language• Application:– the concepts/theories in everyday life• To practical problems:– Language Teaching– Speech Synthesis– Speech Therapy
  5. 5. Micro Linguistics• Narrower view– Structure of language systems• Concerned with– internal view of language• Without Related to:– Other sciences– How to apply it in daily life
  6. 6. Fields ofMicroLinguisticsPhoneticsPhonologyMorphologySyntaxSemanticsPragmaticsDiscourseAnalysisAppliedLinguisticsLexicography
  7. 7. Macro Linguistics– Broadest view of language• Concerned:– External view of language• Related to:– Other sciences• How to apply it in daily life
  8. 8. Macro LinguisticsStylisticsDevelopmentalHistorical/DiachronicLanguageGeographyPsycholinguisticsSocio-LinguisticsClinicalNeurolinguisticsBiolinguisticsComputational
  9. 9. LinguisticLinguisticsGrammar MeaningSounds oflanguagePhonetics Phonology Morphology Syntax Semantics Pragmatics
  10. 10. Word - Sentence LevelSound LevelPhonetics: Acoustics & Articulation of SpeechPhonology: Relevant Sound SegmentsWord LevelMorphology: Minimal Units of MeaningSentence LevelSyntax: Sentence StructureSemantics: Sentence MeaningPragmatics: Language in Interaction

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