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  1. 1. By: Andrew Miller<br />Schizophrenia<br />
  2. 2. <ul><li>Mental disorder characterized by a disintegration of thought processes of emotional responsiveness.
  3. 3. Auditory hallucinations, paranoid or bizarre delusions, or disorganized speech and thinking, and it is accompanied by significant social or occupational dysfunction.
  4. 4.</li></ul>What is Schizophrenia?<br />
  5. 5. <ul><li>People with a family history of schizophrenia who suffer a transient or self-limiting psychosis have a 20-40% chance of being diagnosed one year later
  6. 6. Greatest risk for developing schizophrenia is having a first-degree relative with the disease
  7. 7. Environmental factors associated with the development of schizophrenia include the living environment, drug use and prenatal stressors
  8. 8. Drugs have been associated with the development of schizophrenia including cannabis, cocaine and amphetamines
  9. 9. Some prenatal factors may result in a slight increase in the risk of schizophrenia later in life</li></ul>Causes<br />
  10. 10. <ul><li>Bizarre movements that show less of a reaction to the environment
  11. 11. False beliefs or thoughts that are not based in reality (delusions)
  12. 12. Hearing, seeing, or feeling things that are not there (hallucinations)
  13. 13. Problems paying attention
  14. 14. Thoughts “jump” between unrelated topics
  15. 15. Paranoid, anxious, angry or argumentative, and falsely believe that others are trying to harm them or their loved ones</li></ul>Symptoms<br />
  16. 16. <ul><li>Psychiatrist should perform evaluation to make the diagnosis
  17. 17. No medical tests for schizophrenia exist. Following factors may suggest a schizophrenia diagnosis, but do not confirm it:</li></ul>Course of illness and how long symptoms have lasted<br />Changes from level of function before illness<br />Developmental background<br />Genetic and family history<br />Response to medication<br /><ul><li>CT scans of the head and other imaging techniques may find some changes that occur with schizophrenia and may rule out other disorders</li></ul>Signs and Tests<br />
  18. 18. <ul><li>Medications</li></ul>Antipsychotic medications are the most effective treatment for schizophrenia<br />Long-term risks of antipsychotic medications include a movement disorder called tardive dyskinesia (people development movements they can’t control, especially around the mouth)<br />Clozapine is the most effective medication for schizophrenia symptoms<br />Treatment<br />
  19. 19. <ul><li>Thirty minute of moderate physical activity on most or all days of the week is a good goal to aim for
  20. 20. Exercise can help improve mental health
  21. 21. Research has found that exercise programs improved mental state for measures including anxiety and depression, when compared to standard care
  22. 22. Research is rather new in this field and exercise prescription is very limited, more rigorous research is being called for</li></ul>Exercise as a form of Treatment<br />
  23. 23. Wiley-Blackwell (2010, May 12). Schizophrenia: Regular exercise guidelines still apply.ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 20, 2011, from<br /><br />Sources<br />