Learning Theory: ConstructivismAlexis M. Jaclyn T.Nicole C. Morgan D.Andrew L.Judith O.
Key Points of Constructivism• Students learn by doing. When students vigorously participate in any type of learning process by using critical thinking skills to complete a problem, they will do so by their OWN understanding of the problem.• Based on a type of learning where the learner practices what they already know and what they can understand on their own• Motivation is key!!
More Key Points of Constructivism• Learning takes time• In this type of classroom you’ll see: – Lots of group learning involving learning strategies and are allowed time to ponder – Great supply of resources to help reason understanding and learning – Teachers guiding students into the creation of new ideas
John Dewey• Created a laboratory school where students engaged in hands-on learning• Advocated learning through real life experiences• Believed that interaction and experience were crucial to education
Maria Montessori• Advocated letting students experienced an environment up close and personal• “Education…is acquired not by listening to words but by experiences upon the environment”
David A. Kolb• Wrote the books “Learning Styles Inventory Technical Manual” and “Experimental Learning: Experience as the Source of Learning and Development”• He created the Experiential Learning Model and its 4 parts with Ron Fry
Class Implication: Teacher• The teacher needs to find different ways to start a conversation or discussion in the classroom.• The teacher needs to ask the right questions to get the students to open their minds in order to develop their own ideas about the topic.• The teacher can’t directly answer questions about the topic, they have to allow the students to think for themselves.
Class Implication: Student• The student needs to be able to have a creative and innovative thought process.• The student must discover principles, facts, and concepts for themselves.• The student needs to answer their own questions, influence by his or her background/culture/worldview.
Our Thoughts Constructivism is an important theory to incorporate into anyclassroom, but it should not be the only theory implemented as it can be a difficult theory to maintain. Students are encouraged to think for themselves in order to learn new concepts instead of just being bombarded by information. A way to use constructivism in the classroom is through the use of group assignments where students are asked to really analyze information given and build upon it on theirown. It’s very important to be interactive, letting the students come upwith the conclusions on their own. Though it’s important to let students learn on their own, it’s important as teachers to provide students with enough information to build their knowledge.
Credits• Teachers Discovering Computers Integrating Technology in a Connected World by Shelly, Gunter, and Gunter: pg. 266-272• http://www.exploratorium.edu/IFI/resources/constructivistlearning.html• http://www.msu.edu/~kalinkat/professionalpages/TechMatrixMaterials/Constructivi smSummary.htm• http://saskschoolboards.ca/research/instruction/97- 07.htm#The%20Constructivist%20Classroom• http://img.scoop.it/xhpFvvJUVEEr5vnpo3p8sDl72eJkfbmt4t8yenImKBVaiQDB_R d1H6kmuBWtceBJ• http://www.infed.org/biblio/b-explrn.htm• http://www.infed.org/thinkers/et-dewey.htm• http://www.infed.org/thinkers.et-mont.htm