Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.



Published on

Fitting, Fixtures, Material used in plumbing are describe in this ppt

Published in: Engineering
  • Login to see the comments


  1. 1. Plumbing Works Done in Residential Buildings AMMAR RIZVI P.S.G.V.P.Mandal’s D. N. Patel College Of Engineering Guidance :- Prof. S. I. Chopda
  2. 2. WHAT IS PLUMBING ? • The art and science of creating and maintaining sanitary conditions in buildings Or The art and science of installing, repairing and servicing of pipes, fixtures and appurtenances necessary for bringing in water supply, distributing it within and removing the liquid and water-borne wastes. It includes fresh water pipes; fixtures and fixture traps; soil and waste pipes; vent pipes; building drain and building sewer; storm drainage pipes, their devices, appurtenances and connections to all within or adjacent to the building. • The word Plumbing is originated from the Latin word PLUMBUM for Lead as pipes were made for lead. But now a days pipes are lead free, as lead is not good for health. • "Plumbing" often denotes the supply and waste system of an individual building, distinguishing it from water supply and sewage systems that serve a group of buildings.
  3. 3. OBJECTIVES OF PLUMBING Before an engineer is set out to design the plumbing services of any project, it is necessary that he has well defined aims and objectives in order to install an efficient and economical plumbing system. •Plumbing is an important part of any type of building, as it may be residential, commercial, industry etc. •To provide the fresh water for drinking, cooking, washing utensils. •Plumbing also plays an important role in the removal of waterborne waste. •Adequate pressure of water should be received for water storage tanks for bathing, flushing system. •While plumbing in residential building minimum number of fixtures should be used. •All sanitary drainage system should be connected to the nearest public sewer system. •The drainage system should be so designed as to guard against fouling, deposit of solids and clogging.
  4. 4. The Basic Plumbing Components of any building: 1.Water supply distributing pipes 2.Fixture and fixture traps 3.Soil, waste and vent pipes 4.Storm water drainage
  5. 5. PLUMBING WORK DETAIL After the one hand plaster for plumbing work the wall of buildings cut by means of grinder. The fresh water pipes from water tank are made concealed in walls. The drainage pipes are done in open. Where plumbing work is done :- 1.In Kitchen :- For Cooking, Washing utensils, Drinking water. In kitchen there are two points from pipe. In one point water coming from the overhead water tank & and in second point water from municipality or from bore well done. 2.In Bathroom :- For Bathing In bathroom there are 4 points of pipe. Three points are in triangle shape where water taps are fitted and in one point overhead shower is fitted. 3.In Toilets :- For flushing, for drainage. In toilets there are around 3 points, one for flushing, one for taking water. If there is an European sheet for flushing FLUSH TANK is used, Push Shower, Zet Spary connection is done from that point. For Ventilation purpose of system vent pipe is used.
  6. 6. PLUMBING WORK DETAIL The Middle Class Peoples make the plumbing system very economical. They do the nominal plumbing work which can fulfill their needs of plumbing. But the Higher Class People makes there bathroom very lavishe. They include the Bath tub, Shower panel, Steamer, Jacuzzi etc. For the Shower Panel installed in bathroom the special Pressure Pump is used for water pressure. If pressure pump is not installed then shower panel cannot work. In our area peoples don’t use this system, as it is costly and the main reason for not using this is HARD WATER which is present in bore wells.
  7. 7. Fittings and Fixtures in Plumbing
  8. 8. ELBOW EQUAL TEE CUPLER UNION F.A.P.T M.A.P.T Fresh Water Fitting
  10. 10. Fresh Water Fitting STEP OVER BEND LONG BEND 45° ELBOW
  13. 13. Waste Water Fitting MULTITRAP P-TRAP
  15. 15. Plumbing Fixtures SINK COCK SWAN NECK DIVERTER
  16. 16. • Smooth joints • Avoid noise transmission • Avoid formation of air locks • Avoid unsightly arrangement • Economy in labour and materials • No piping under wastewater pipes • Gradual size and direction changes • Maximum pressure of water should be obtained from pipes • Good adhesive should be used for joining the pipes • No back-flow towards the source of supply • Wholesome water supply for drinking and culinary purposes • The level of W.C. should not be less than the bathroom level, if is less then water from bathroom will come in W.C. and will kill the bacteria and no gases will form and the sludge will settle down there only. • No cross-connection between pure and contaminated water pipes • Sufficient strength of pipes underground or under traffic loads or frost • Insulating pipe should be used for supplying hot water from solar heater. POINTS TO BE CONSIDERED
  17. 17. WHY INSPECTION CHAMBER ? All underground drainage systems must have access points, to enable the drains to be inspected on a regular basis and to be cleaned in the event of a blockage. The most common form of access is an inspection chamber, often still referred to as a manhole. In times gone by, manholes were actually large, bricked up chambers that had iron steps built into the wall, enabling a person to physically climb down into the drainage system. The main difference between one of these old manholes and a plastic inspection chamber is that inspection chambers do not permit physical entrance into the drains. When should you use one? You should use an inspection chamber whenever a branch pipe joins a main drainage. By these chamber we can inspect the drainage line and can know where there is blockage in drainage line.
  18. 18. •The inspection chamber made of concrete are known as concrete chamber. •The use of these chamber is very less due to its construction cost, maintenance. •As the inner surface is rough the deposition of waste gets started. •Increasing of these chamber is very tough job. •The position of these can not be changed once fixed. WHY INSPECTION CHAMBER ? CONCRETE CHAMBER
  19. 19. • These type of inspection chambers are used now a days. • These are very economical then concrete chamber. • These are light weighted chamber. The inner surface of these chambers are smooth, deposition doesn’t takes place. • The position of these chambers can be easily changed, when required. • Height of these chambers can be easily increased as per requirement. WHY INSPECTION CHAMBER ? PVC CHAMBER Riser
  20. 20. • The durability of a plumbing system is dependent on the quality of its component parts and the assembly skills of those who install it. No plumbing system, however well designed, can be expected to operate safely or hygienically if the products or materials used are unsatisfactory. The inverse is also true if the best-quality products or materials are used but are installed incorrectly, the system will be a failure. • There are two families of materials available for water pipework systems: metallic and non-metallic materials. Of these the most commonly used materials for drinking-water supply piping are, • Galvanized Iron Pipe & fitting (G.I.) • Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC) • Chlorinated PolyVinyl Chloride (CPVC) • Soil Waste and Rain Water (SWR) • Poly Propylene Random (PPR) • Bendable Multi-Layer Composite Pipe • Foamcore Pipes MATERIAL AVAILABLE IN MARKET
  21. 21. • The tank placed at the top of a residential building for supplying and storing water coming from bore well or municipality is overhead tank. • There are two types of overhead water tank used by peoples for storing water. 1.Cement and Brick Water tank 2.Ready-made Water tank OVERHEAD WATER TANK
  22. 22. •These tanks can be made in any architectural shape. •The construction cost of these tank is very high. •Chemicals should be added or applied to these tank for water proofing. •The place of these tank cannot be changed. •Cracks are formed in these tanks. •Load on slab gets increased due to water pressure in tank. CEMENT & BRICK OVERHEAD TANK
  23. 23. READY-MADE WATER TANK •The installation of these tank is very easy. •Position of these tank can be easily changed. •These are light in weight. •Repairing of these tank is very easy. •It is very economical. •The load of water is not much on slab as in construction water tank.
  24. 24. • These solar water heater is of plate type. • The temperature of water in solar does not exceed after a fixed temp • If height of water tank is not greater than of solar special tank of required capacity should be provided. • Due to hard water special solar for hard water should be used. • Insulating tank is fitted in solar by which there is no loss of temperature of water. SOLAR WATER HEATER
  25. 25. •Now a days, special type of pipe is available in market which is used for L.P.G. gas fitting in residential building. •These is a composite pipe consisting of two type of layer. •Composite Piping System is manufactured from high grade Virgin Polyethylene and Aluminum. •The Polymer is effectively bonded in the inside and outside of the Aluminum core by melt adhesive. This Aluminum Core is 100% leak proof for both liquids and gases making it an ideal pipe for transporting gases and liquids. L.P.G GAS PIPE & FITTING