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Logic Gates


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Logic Gates

  1. 1. LOGIC DESIGN PART 1 Logic Gates
  2. 2. Learning Digital Logic • It is the foundation for digital computers. If you want to understand the innards of computers you need to know digital logic. • Digital logic has relations to other kinds of logic including: – Formal logic - as taught by many philosophy departments – Fuzzy logic - a tool used to design control systems and many other systems.
  3. 3. Characteristics of Logic Signals • We will pick a voltage signal as a working example. It can take on two values corresponding to 0 and 1. • We can associate a variable with that logic signal, and we can assign a symbol to represent that variable - like the symbol A.
  4. 4. Operations on Logic Signals • The output, C, depends upon the inputs, A and B. There are many different ways that C could depend upon A and B. The output, C, is a function, - a logic function - of the inputs, A and B. We will examine a few basic logic functions - AND, OR and NOT functions and start learning the circuitry that you use to implement those functions.
  5. 5. • If we think of two signals, A and B, as representing a truth value of two different propositions, then A could be either TRUE (a logical 1) or FALSE (a logical 0). ‘AND’ GATE AND TRUTH TABLE A B C
  6. 6. • An OR gate is a gate for which the output is 1 whenever one or more of the inputs is 1. The output of an OR gate is 0 only when all inputs are 0. ‘OR’ GATE AND TRUTH TABLE T P D
  7. 7. •A third important logical element is the inverter. If the input is 0, the output is 1. Conversely, if the input is 1, the output is 0. ‘NOT’ GATE AND TRUTH TABLE A C
  8. 8. • The way to start thinking about a NAND gate is to think of it as an AND gate with an inverter on the output. That's shown below. • Actually, however, the symbol for a NAND gate compresses the Cinverter down to a A ‘NAND’ GATE AND B TRUTH TABLE output of the NAND gate as dot at the shown below.