Tric final


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Tric final

  1. 1. oolbox Talk isk dentification ard workshop
  2. 2. Aim and Objectives • We can all help stop people being hurt or becoming ill • The workshop is about doing good risk assessments • Everyone can do it – there’s nothing to fear! • By the end you should be able to: • describe what TRIC CARD is and why we do it • define key risk assessment terms • carry out task risk assessment effectively • record effective risk controls
  3. 3. ؏ HSE Consultancy- 12 years experience ؏ Perusing PhD in Operational Safety Management ؏ Associate Member International Institute of Risk & Safety Management IIRSM-UK ؏ Technician Member Institute of Occupational Safety & Health IOSH- UK ؏ Safety Training Specialist–International Association of Safety Professional USA IASP STS ؏ Safety Planning Specialist - International Association of Safety Professional USA IASP SPS ؏ Certified International Trainer – (CIPD – UK) ؏ OSHA Trainer ؏ Moody International Certification occupational health and safety systems – auditor / lead auditor (OSHAS18001 & ISO 19011:2002) ؏ Started at the bottom in HSE, worked up into Senior HSE role ؏ Oil Industry, Manufacturing, training Services, Public Sector & Consultancy ؏ International HSE ؏ Key areas of expertise: ؏ Project/Operation Safety Management ؏ Process Safety ؏ Training & Development ؏ HSE System Development ؏ Upstream & Downstream Operation Your tutor: Ammar Hassan
  4. 4. Health and Safety Foundations
  5. 5. As well as a legislative requirement, Task Risk Assessment is fundamental to reducing the likelihood of accidents and incidents at work. It is a core component of establishing a Safe System of Work.
  6. 6. WHY TRIC CARD SYSTEM ? Spot the hazards & risks and identify controls Hazards? Risks? Controls?
  7. 7. Job planning & Risk assessment Work & Safe work • We always do something and it means we have to contact with: • people, environment, asset and reputation • All above mentioned objects of contact may create hazards if we deal with them in unsafe manner. • So, what do we need to do to prevent the hazards or to control them? • Help us to promote safety culture!
  8. 8. Hazard means? • Anything with the potential to cause harm • Harm can include: • ill-health and injury to people • damage to assets • damage to the environment • reputation damage Other hazards, such as: • Driving • Manual handling • Electricity • Display screen equipment • Slips, trips & falls • Cleaning chemicals • Maintenance hazards POTENTIALInstallation hazards, such as: • Equipment handling • Moving machinery • High pressure testing • Unsafe methods of work, • Interaction between incompatible work • Uncontrolled change
  9. 9. Risk means? • The likelihood that somebody or something will be harmed by a hazardous event • The size of a risk is an estimate based on a combination of the likelihood and consequences of a hazardous event occurring. LIKELIHOOD
  10. 10. ALARP means? If we can’t eliminate the risk we must reduce it to: As Low As Reasonably Practicable
  11. 11. Job planning & Risk assessment • How to plan our job: • Job Planning • Discussion of the task with the crew • Competence of the crew (training & experience) • Identification of responsibilities • Adequate Supervision
  12. 12. Reviewed by:
  13. 13. Planning the job is critical and should be done well in advance with sufficient lead time Keys: 1. Time 2. Requirements (people, equipment and tools ) 3. Controls in place 4. TBT 5. RISK review Only after this the job can start
  14. 14. Most of common signs within operation It’s important to record the title and number/version of the procedure and other documents that where use for the job as easy reference in future
  15. 15. This Section about giving clear summery to job that you intend to perform, and every one that look to this area must understand clear what are you going to do … Tasks, require break the above job in simple steps clear and logic as well should not be too many and not very short as well Remember, returning the site to it’s original situation may required to complete the job
  16. 16. Selecting the steps A balanced level of detail for the TRA: Step 1 position car, set brakes block wheels Step 2 remove spare wheel and position nearby Step 3 check and position car jack Step 4 remove hub cap and break free nuts Step 5 jack up car Step 6 remove wheel nuts Step 7 remove wheel Step 8 locate spare wheel Step 9 tighten wheel nuts Step 10 jack down car Step 11 final tighten wheel nuts Step 12 replace hub cap Step 13 store jack and wheel Too fine a level of detail: Step 1 park car Step 2 get out of car Step 3 move to boot of car Step 4 open boot of car Step 5 etc Too coarse a level of detail: Step 1 remove wheel Step 2 put on spare  The TRA team must judge what is the appropriate level of detail and these examples should help to judge this: • Begin with the action - e.g. install, final tighten • End with what’s acted on - e.g. pump, wheel • Do not identify any hazards or precautions • State what must be done - not how it will be done or who will do it The description should follow some simple rules:
  17. 17. •For each step you identify in the tasks, you need to identify the associated hazards clearly, •failure in this part may completely ruin the TRIC
  18. 18. PRINCIPLE Making the workplace safe is better than protecting the worker in a dangerous one Some risk controls are more effective than others Does the task need to be done? e.g. eliminate manual handling by doing the job mechanically Can something else be used to reduce the risk? e.g. water-based instead of solvent-based paint Can equipment be used to reduce the risk? e.g. Local Exhaust Ventilation to remove fumes Can distance/barriers/guards be used to prevent personnel exposure to hazard? e.g. distance barriers around high pressure testing Can the number of personnel exposed to the risk and/or the time they are exposed be reduced? Can suitable and sufficient PPE appropriate for the task be used? Can procedures with training be used to ensure a safe system of work is followed to reduce the risk? CONTROL MEASURES RISK MOST LEAST
  19. 19. Who is responsible and for what ? Who is responsible to confirm controls in place ?
  20. 20. All about Key Learning that are gain during the job, need to capture here and sharing with others during site safety meeting When suppose to use this section ? Recording the number will help in future reference, audit, and documentation for required by the law
  21. 21. Reviewed by: Other responsible people should review, and challenge the TRIC on site, and then approve it
  22. 22. This section to be use in case of any change in hazards identified before, or a new one appear due to change …
  23. 23. ©richard jones 2004 Task Risk Assessment Planning Work Execution Approval & Communication TRIC Process Change occurred Dynamic risk review (Repeat whole process if change significant) Improve Capture lessons learned and feedback Complete Job. Ensure work-site clean & tidy Implement Controls & Start Job Yes Agreement by work party to proceed? Conduct Tool Box Talk Communicate & Complete Risk Assessment Obtain Necessary Approval & work authorisation Perform Task Risk Assessment & identify controls Identify Hazard for each Job Step Work site visit & Identify Job Steps Define Work (Work order, work pack) No
  24. 24. SKILLS FOR TRIC • Typically: • Supervisor led team - 3-4 people • Outside expertise not necessary – unless tasks complex/specialised • 1 person can assess simple tasks • Members need to: • know enough about the activities to judge the risks and controls • understand the procedures and industry standards TRIC teams should include people who:  Are responsible for the task  Are competent in the TRIC process  Understand the task & its hazards  Know the location & its hazards  Will be involved in doing the task A fresh pair of eyes can help:
  25. 25. What is the purpose of the activity? What are the critical tasks? What are characteristics of the plant, substances & systems involved? What about any simultaneous operations? Could they have a significant impact on the activity? Where is the activity to be done? Could it be done in a safer location – e.g. in a workshop? When is the activity to be done? Could it be done at a different time – e.g. during shutdown? The team needs to consider these questions: • Visit the worksite • Review worksite conditions & layout of area • Observe activity being done if possible Who is going to carry out the activity? Are they capable / skilled enough?
  26. 26. TRIC team recommendation/approval • Finally, ask & act on these questions: • Have all the necessary control measures been fully/effectively identified? • Are any additional training/competencies required to complete the activity? • Is the risk effectively controlled? Before recommending that the work should go ahead, the team should agree the risk is acceptable & ALARP
  27. 27. Completing the assessment • Success depends on the awareness of work team • Toolbox Talks should: • communicate the hazards, controls & individual responsibilities • involve the whole work team in identifying any additional hazards & controls – especially those specific to the site and the local conditions; and so • complete the risk assessment • The Toolbox talk Risk Identification Card (TRIC) can be used to record the “on the day” risk assessment
  28. 28. RMADAN Supervisors Guidance Start discussing in toolbox talks/HSE meetings prior and during Ramadan on: Fatigue Give sleep Management advise to staff. Refresh fatigue awareness so staff will identify symptoms Staying up late at night during Ramadan will result insufficient sleep and accumulating sleep debt. Continue these meetings throughout Ramadan and ask questions: 1. How were you yesterday? 2. How do you feel today? 3. Any incidents you had or witnessed? 4. Did you intervene any unsafe acts/condition? • Incidents tend to increase towards the end of Ramadan. • A toolbox meeting after the first half of Ramadan is important. • Face to face communications and Management participation is valuable to increase awareness.
  29. 29. Key learning & action ideas What is the most important thing I’ve learned about doing risk assessment? What am I going to do about it in my job? Think about what we’ve done today