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  1. 1. RESEARCH MATERIALS & PLAGIARISM To search for information, fact, or truth
  2. 2. Where to begin… <ul><li>There are many reference materials: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encyclopedia- look up key words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bible- look up key words in the topical index </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet- search engines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Magazines- Not Teen Magazine ! Try Time or National Geographic </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. But how do I know the info. is true? <ul><li>Are my sources reliable? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Check your information against another source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Check the tone- Is the author biased/trying to sway your opinion? They should be OBJECTIVE! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Is the information up to date? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Be a detective- Scope out the author! Look up the author! Are they an expert in the field which they are writing about? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tip: Is your author a hairstylist writing on new medical technologies? –OR- a doctor writing on new medical technologies? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Get your own Original Idea! Plagiarism…
  5. 5. Plagiarism <ul><li>Plagiarism is using another person's words or ideas without giving credit to that person. Plagiarism is much like lying. </li></ul><ul><li>But…who are you really cheating if you plagiarize? </li></ul><ul><li>YOU! </li></ul><ul><li>You don’t learn the skills if you don’t actually do the work! You’re cheating yourself out of your own education. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Is it really a BIG deal? <ul><li>YES! </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism in school/college is grounds for failure or even expulsion. Plagiarism goes on your permanent academic record! </li></ul><ul><li>Legal punishments for plagiarism range from up to $50,000 in fines or 1 year in prison. </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism in your job= “You’re fired!” </li></ul><ul><li>Professor John Broderick, ODU English Chair </li></ul>
  7. 7. You are plagiarizing if… <ul><li>You don’t put the words of another in quotation marks. </li></ul><ul><li>You paraphrase the words of another = simply changing a word or phrases here and there. </li></ul><ul><li>You don’t clearly acknowledge the source of ideas or material taken from another. </li></ul><ul><li>You don’t make it clear how much you depended on your sources. Can the reader tell the difference between your research and your original ideas? </li></ul><ul><li>You don’t document sources adequately </li></ul><ul><li>You purchase a paper online, or “borrow” a friend’s </li></ul><ul><li>You copy and paste from the internet </li></ul><ul><li>Even if you give the original author credit, if your work is made up mainly of another’s ideas…YOU ARE PLAGIARIZING! </li></ul>
  8. 8. What To Do? <ul><li>Give Credit where Credit is Due! </li></ul><ul><li>Write down all of the titles, authors, dates, website addresses, publishers, etc. of all the reference materials you use! </li></ul><ul><li>But…Where do I find this information? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Documenting your sources!
  10. 10. Don’t get BUSTED! How to document your sources of information… <ul><ul><li>In English, we will use MLA style: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1. all information is arranged in alphabetical order by the author’s last name! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. all information should be double spaced with all lines after the first indented! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Punctuation is very important! Your documentation is not correct unless your punctuation is correct! </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. What should my documentation look like? <ul><li>for books: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>author's last name, author's first name or initial, Title . where it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>was published: company it’s published by, date published. (Print) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Article in Encyclopedia: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Author (if there is one). “Topic.” Title of Encyclopedia . Edition. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Year published. (Print) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Article in a magazine: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Author’s last name, first name. “Title of article.” Title of Magazine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>date article was published: pages of article. (Print) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>***(notice double spacing and hanging indent) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. What should my documentation look like? <ul><li>Newspaper article: </li></ul><ul><li>author’s last name, author’s first name. “Title of article.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Title of newspaper printing date (day month year), edition of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>newspaper: pg. (Print) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Online Newspaper article: </li></ul><ul><li>Author’s last name, author’s first name. “Title of Article.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Title of newspaper . Day of publication month of publication year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>of publication. date of access (day month year) <url>. (Online) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. What should my documentation look like? <ul><li>An entire website: </li></ul><ul><li>Title of site . Ed. Followed by name of editor. Date of publication or </li></ul><ul><ul><li>update. Date of access (day month year) <url>. (Online) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interview: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Last name of person interviewed, first name. Personal Interview, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>date. (Interview) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>*** (notice double spacing and hanging indent) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. But what if I use someone’s words or ideas in my paper? <ul><li>In-text citations: use in-text citations/parenthetical documentation after the quote, idea, or information from another author. </li></ul><ul><li>In-text citations look like this: (Smith 5) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the author’s last name and the page number go in parenthesis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in-text citations go right inside the period. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* If you write an entire paragraph of info. from another source- you don’t need these at the end of each sentence…only at the end of the paragraph! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Note: If you mention the author’s name in your info. Then you only need the page number in ( ). </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. “ I can’t find all the info!!!” <ul><li>If you cannot find an author- cite the title or a shortened version of the title and the page # </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: ( American Cars 67). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(“Dolphin in the Atlantic” C5). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After your information from an online source, simply cite the author (Davidson). Or the article title (“Boat Sinks Off Coast”) because there are usually no page numbers </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. In-text Citation Examples <ul><li>In his article, White explains that an unnoticed puck is very familiar to the Admirals. It seems late goals have been common for the Admirals this year (C2). </li></ul><ul><li>“ Sunday, Gordon charged from 16 th to first in five laps” (Long C3). Moves like this helped Gordon surpass Earnhardt’s career total. </li></ul>