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Parts Of A Story

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SOL 8.5, 8.6 Fiction- Story Elements

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Parts Of A Story

  1. 1. Building Blocks of a Story <ul><li>Plot: what happens in a story </li></ul><ul><li>There are conflicts (struggles) in a plot: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Internal conflict- characters struggle with themselves (within their own minds) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. External conflict- characters struggle with other characters or outside forces (like nature) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  2. 2. What else is important to a story? <ul><li>Themes: the main idea, what can be learned from the story </li></ul><ul><li>Foreshadowing: when author gives hints or clues about what will happen in the future </li></ul>
  3. 3. Point of View <ul><li>Point of View: the perspective the story is told from </li></ul><ul><li>Narrator: person telling story </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st : story is told by a character who refers to himself as “I”, “me”, “my”, “we” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 nd : person telling the story refers to the character as “you”, addressing them as in a letter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 rd limited: the characters are talked ABOUT (by an outside narrator) using “he, she, they…”, reader only knows thoughts and feelings of 1 character </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 rd omniscient: characters are talked ABOUT by outside narrator using “he, she, they…”, reader knows thoughts and feelings of all/several characters (“all-knowing”) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Parts of a plot <ul><li>Parts of a story: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exposition: beginning, where author sets stage, introduces the setting (where & when), introduces characters and their situations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rising Action: series of actions or complications that sets up conflict for the main character (suspense is used here) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Climax: turning point where the conflict comes to a head </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Creating plot charts… <ul><li>Parts of a story continued: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Falling Action: events after the climax, wrap up the story and lead to a conclusion (may sometimes not exist if conclusion comes immediately after the climax/conflict) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resolution or Denouement (“untying”): point of closure, conflict has ended </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Characterization <ul><li>Characterization: the way an author creates people in their story and brings them to life. </li></ul><ul><li>Protagonist: main character </li></ul><ul><li>Antagonist: opponent of the main character </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Characters may be: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flat- the good guy is always good, the bad guy is always bad </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Round- complex; characters may have many sides to them- good, bad, everything </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Static- character doesn’t change at all through the story </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dynamic- character changes and grows during the story </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Tone <ul><li>Tone: the mood the writer creates in his/her story </li></ul><ul><li>Think about tone in terms of music: scary, funny, serious, dramatic, excited </li></ul>

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