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"Agile - Sport or Religion" My talk from APIL 2014

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My talk from the APIL 2014 conference

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"Agile - Sport or Religion" My talk from APIL 2014

  1. 1. Agile/Scrum Sport or Religion Amit Yedidia APIL Conference 2014
  2. 2. The Question Is Agile/Scrum more like sport or more like religion? And what we can learn from that Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 2
  3. 3. Disclaimer • What I am saying is MY OWN point of view • I will mostly use Judaism as an example to religion Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 3
  4. 4. Why bother? • • • • New teritory Handling with people No cookbook Complicated / Complex (Cynefin) - Seeking for good practices or Emergence • Discussion clarify perspective Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 4
  5. 5. Why Sport & Religion? • Terminology − Scrum, Sprint, Coach, Cadence − Values, Manifesto, Cermonies • Familiarity • Passion Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 5
  6. 6. Methodolgy • Define regions − − − − • • • • Roles Goals Rules Ceremonies Compare Look for similarity Look for difference Get insights − “Thought Experiment” - reflection − “Field Experiment” - tryout Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 6
  7. 7. Definitions Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 7
  8. 8. Sport (by Wikipedia) • All forms of usually competitive physical activity which, through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing entertainment to participants, and in some cases, spectators. Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 8
  9. 9. Religion • No single definition • Possible definition given by Dr. Tomer Persico • Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 9
  10. 10. Ballpark • Agile/Scrum − − − − Religion Based on values Provide goal Provide framework for day to day. Extended Agile@Home • Agile/Scrum ~ Sport − Organized participation − Improve skills − Enjoy Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 10
  11. 11. Roles Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 11
  12. 12. Roles Religion Sport Scrum Doer Believer Athlete Developer Mentor Rabbi Coach Scrum Master Agile Coach Customer ? Fans Owner Customer Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 12
  13. 13. Resemblance Roles • Mentor − − − − − Considered as authority Experienced Trusted Good social skills You must believe that he can move you forward Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 13
  14. 14. Difference Sport Coach Roles Rabbi • Doesn’t necessarily practice what he teach • Must practice what he preaches (role model) • Short term obligation (Season) • Long term obligation • Sometime you choose and sometime you don’t • You choose your mentor Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 14
  15. 15. Insights Roles • Which kind of Scrum Master do you want to be/have? − Skills − Personality • How do you choose the Scrum Master if at all? − Internal or External − ExTeam Leader(?) or Professional − Vote • Does Team accept Scrum Master? − Agreement (Coaching) • What about mixing roles? SM+PO, SM+Dev Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 15
  16. 16. Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 16
  17. 17. Goals Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 17
  18. 18. Goals Religion Sport Scrum Set by • G-D • Commitee • • • • Individual • Non-copetitive • Self improvement • Competitive • Be No.1 • Self-fulfillment Group • Collaborative • Do good • Make G-D will • Different goals • Different priorities • Continuous improvement • Productivity • Customer Satisfaction Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 PO Customer Management Team 18
  19. 19. Resemblance Goals • You must want to accomplish those goals or at least recognize them • Practice makes you better • Others already follows Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 19
  20. 20. Difference Sport goal Goals Religious goal • Be no.1 - But only one can… • Self improvement • Different goals/priorities for different stakeholders • Same goal for everyone • Only final outcome counts • Short term (season) and Long term (Legacy building) • The route is important • Long term (entire life) • No results • Immediate results Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 20
  21. 21. Insights Goals • Sprint results − Do you publish? − Which format? − What do you expect? • Short/Long term goals − Do you have long term goals for Agile? − Is everyone aware of those short/long term goals? − Is everyone commited with those short/long term goals? Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 21
  22. 22. Rules Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 22
  23. 23. Rules Religion Sport Agile Standartization All kinds Committee Scrum, Kanban, DAAD,SAFe… Change control Slow (if at all) Relatively fast Best practice What works Evolution Emergence Metrics None / Hidden Highly / Public Highly / Public Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 23
  24. 24. Resemblance Rules • Basic values/rules are solid and shared • Adaptation is possible as long as values or fundamentals rules are not broken Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 24
  25. 25. Difference Sport rules Rules Religious rules • Explicit • Implicit • Adjustable to fit new reality • Tend to interpretation • Fast adaptation • Slow adaptation • Mental changes supporting Actions • Actions are supporting mental changes Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 25
  26. 26. Insights • • • • • Rules How flexible and adjustable are your policies? Who is allowed to change policy? Do you enforce policies? Do you have metrics or feelings only? What drives your change? Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 26
  27. 27. Ceremonies Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 27
  28. 28. Ceremonies Religion Sport Agile/Scrum Daily Daily Prayer Timeout Stand-up Retrospective Rosh Hashana / Yom Kipur End of game End of season Sprint end Release retrospective Celebration On special dates When winning End of sprint Planning ? Pre-Season Pre-Game Planning Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 28
  29. 29. Resemblence • • • • Ceremonies Every day there is some event Bigger event at specific period of time Events are highly valued Events are part of the process Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 29
  30. 30. Difference (Retrospective) Sport Ceremonies Religious • Who’s fault? • Seek inside you • After match (team) • No one to blame but yourself • After Season (Management) • Looking forward (forget the past, don’t blame) • People around you do the same • Everyone is invited Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 30
  31. 31. Insights Ceremonies • How people feel about missing an event? How it is considered? • Retrospective as bonding event • Yearly retrospective • Debrief good things (IAF example) • Should we take timeout? • Do you practice? − Treasure hunt − 21 Question − Crisis drill Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 31
  32. 32. Implementation Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 32
  33. 33. Implementation • Why? − − − − Crisis Wake up call Global trend Desire to improve Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 33
  34. 34. Scrum implementation • Religious style − − − − − − Preach, teach Make people believe Engage people to contribute Keep the fire burning Repentance (beware of old habbits) Seek for Change Agents (Missionairs) Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 34
  35. 35. Scrum implementation • Sport Style − − − − − Provide data - Logic, case studies, risk, success story Show improvement from day 1 Keep tracking metrics Encourage people to practice Emphasis on the abilty to change things Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 35
  36. 36. Attitude Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 36
  37. 37. Master Yoda “You must unlearn what you learn” “Try not. Do. Or do not. There is no try” Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 37
  38. 38. Winnie the pooh "I don't see much sense in that," said Rabbit. "No," said Pooh humbly, "there isn't. But there was going to be when I began it. It's just that something happened to it along the way." Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 38
  39. 39. Winston Churchil “To Improve is to change. To be perfect is to have change a lot” Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 39
  40. 40. My 2 cents • People should be treated as believers − Nurture − Educate − Motivate • Process should be managed as sport − Metrics − Transparent − Long term and short term goals • Change is the fuel Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 40
  41. 41. What’s Next? • You are encouraged to look around and observe − Kindergardens & Schools − Cuisine (Restaurants, Chefs, etc…) − Military • Discuss it with your colleagues − Share point-of-view − Find new insights − Send me: amitye@gmail.com Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 41
  42. 42. Confidential © Cambridge Silicon Radio Limited 2013 42

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