Perception

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Perception

  1. 1. TEAM E-1 AKHIL MISHRA ANKUR SHRIVASTAVA ABHISHEK SINGH AMIT RANJAN JHA ANJANA DWIVEDI ABHISHEK R. GHATOLE Organizational Behavior / Perception 1
  2. 2. “ WE DON’T SEE THINGS AS THEY ARE, WE SEE THINGS AS WE ARE.”
  3. 3.  Perception“ A process by which individuals organize and interpret their sensory impressions in order to give meaning to their environment. Perceptual Process Selecting Stimuli Organizing External factors : Nature, Figure Background , Receiving Stimuli Location,Size,contrast, Perceptual Grouping Movement,repetition,similarity ( similarity, proximity, (External & Internal) Internal factors : Learning, closure, continuity) needs,age,Interest, Response Covert: Attitudes , Interpreting Motivation, Attribution ,Stereotyping, Feeling Halo Effect, Projection Overt: Behavior 3
  4. 4. Factors influencing Perception Factors in the perceiver • Attitudes • Motives • Interests • Experience • Expectations Factors in the situation • Time Perception • Work Setting • Social Setting Factors in the Target • Novelty • Motion • Sounds • Size • Background • Proximity • Similarity 4
  5. 5. Shortcuts in judging othersSelective Perception - People selectively interpret what they see on the basis of their interests, background, experience and attitudes.Halo Effect - Drawing a general impressions about an individual on the basis of a single characteristics. 5
  6. 6.  Contrast Effect - Evaluation of a person’ s characteristics that are effected by comparisons with other people recently encountered who rank higher or lower on the same characteristics.Projection - Attributing ones own characteristics to other people. Stereotyping - Judging someone on the basis of one’ s perception of the group to which that persons belongs. 6
  7. 7. Organizational Behavior / Perception 7
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  9. 9. Organizational Behavior / Perception 9
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  11. 11. Organizational Behavior / Perception 11
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