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LCS #1: Media And Culture


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First lecture on Media and Culture, Matthew Arnold

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LCS #1: Media And Culture

  1. 1. Introduction to Literary and Cultural Studies : Literature, Media and Popular Culture <ul><li> </li></ul>
  2. 2. Media <ul><li>What are our media habits? </li></ul><ul><li>What is media? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Media <ul><li>noun < media , plural of MEDIUM </li></ul><ul><li>Materials that hold data in any form or that allow data to pass through them, including paper, transparencies, multipart forms, hard, floppy and optical disks, magnetic tape, wire, cable and fiber. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass Media--the Institutions that disseminate information on a massive scale </li></ul>
  4. 4. Media forms now proliferate <ul><li>media has developed rapidly in the last century and a half </li></ul>
  5. 5. Victorian England
  6. 6. England of the 19th C <ul><li>industrializing </li></ul><ul><li>urbanizing </li></ul><ul><li>imperial </li></ul>
  7. 7. Literacy <ul><li>Education and Reading as a national imperative </li></ul><ul><li>Beginnings of Mass Literacy and Mandatory Education for the populace </li></ul>
  8. 8. Matthew Arnold
  9. 9. Culture and Anarchy (1869) (1869)
  10. 10. “Sweetness and Light” <ul><li> </li></ul>
  11. 11. What is Culture <ul><li>according to Arnold ? </li></ul>
  12. 12. “ The whole scope of the essay is to recommend culture as the great help out of our present difficulties; culture being a pursuit of our total perfection by means of getting to know, on all the matters which most concern us, the best which has been thought and said in the world , and, through this knowledge, turning a stream of fresh and free thought upon our stock notions and habits, which we now follow staunchly but mechanically, vainly imagining that there is a virtue in following them staunchly which makes up for the mischief of following them mechanically.” From the “Preface” to Culture and Anarchy
  13. 13. “ Dover Beach” Matthew Arnold 1867 The sea is calm to-night. The tide is full, the moon lies fair Upon the straits; on the French coast the light Gleams and is gone; the cliffs of England stand; Glimmering and vast, out in the tranquil bay. Come to the window, sweet is the night-air! Only, from the long line of spray Where the sea meets the moon-blanched land, Listen! you hear the grating roar Of pebbles which the waves draw back, and fling, At their return, up the high strand, Begin, and cease, and then again begin, With tremulous cadence slow, and bring The eternal note of sadness in. Sophocles long ago Heard it on the A gaean, and it brought Into his mind the turbid ebb and flow Of human misery; we Find also in the sound a thought, Hearing it by this distant northern sea. The Sea of Faith Was once, too, at the full, and round earth's shore Lay like the folds of a bright girdle furled. But now I only hear Its melancholy, long, withdrawing roar, Retreating, to the breath Of the night-wind, down the vast edges drear And naked shingles of the world. Ah, love, let us be true To one another! for the world, which seems To lie before us like a land of dreams, So various, so beautiful, so new, Hath really neither joy, nor love, nor light, Nor certitude, nor peace, nor help for pain; And we are here as on a darkling plain Swept with confused alarms of struggle and flight, Where ignorant armies clash by night.