Basics About First-Aid

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A presentation on first-aid at a school-teacher conference with a purpose to educate the school teaching staff about the basics of first-aid.

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Basics About First-Aid

  1. 1. FIRST - AID What each of us should know... Revision Concept Education Comfort
  2. 2. definition It is the care given to an injured person to STABILIZE until the professional medical care is available. Common sense Vs Anxiety-Panic
  3. 3. FIRST THINGS FIRST! It is the FIRST aid... not FINAL. STABILIZE ◦ Emotionally ◦ Physically ◦ Haemo-dynamically ◦ Breathing & Circulation
  4. 4. Loss of Consciousness AIRWAY BREATHING CIRCULATION
  5. 5. ABC   step 2...
  6. 6. BLEEDING – types:
  7. 7. Bleeding: steps Direct pressure over the bleeding point Elevation of the limb (unless no #) Pressure over the blood vessel Cold application
  8. 8. Specific bleeding: NOSE Mostly due to very delicate capillaries within nose Trivial triggers - sneezing Pressure & Cold compress May vomit dark clots
  9. 9. Specific bleeding: SCALP Skin, blood vessels, muscles and skull within <1cm space Rich blood supply but with muscular guarding
  10. 10. Specific bleeding: puncture wound a. THE OBJECT ACTS AS A PLUG AND SHOULD NOT BE REMOVED. b. Keep the object from MOVING. c. If object has been removed, it is a case of BLEEDING.
  11. 11. Convulsions:
  12. 12. RECOVERY POSITION: Unconscious or semi- conscious who is breathing normal Not to be given if spine or back injury suspected
  13. 13. FRACTURES: STABILISE the lesion with splint Put ICE PACK to reduce the swelling DO NOT try to restore the alignment
  14. 14. HEAD INJURY: Signs to look for: ◦ Consciousness ◦ Convulsion ◦ Trauma Nose, Eye, Ear, Scalp ◦ Vomiting
  15. 15. Choking:
  16. 16. BURNs: chemical Wash under cold water for at least TEN minutes Do not try to antidote with other chemical Cover with clean cloth Ice pack
  17. 17. Heat Stroke: Usually exhaustion or dehydration Recovery position till regains consciousness Water & electrolytes with glucose when fully conscious - SIPs
  18. 18. SHOCK: fainting Check ABC Loosen clothing NOTHING BY MOUTH Make the victim lie down ◦ Face looks PALE – raist the TAIL ◦ Face looks RED – raise the HEAD Recovery position
  19. 19. ELECTRIC SHOCK: Shut off the electric current Check for: ◦ ABC ◦ Burns – external & internal ◦ Heart beats – regularity ◦ Injuries
  20. 20. Syncope: Vasovagal ◦ Pain / Bad news / Anxiety Postural hypotension ◦ Sudden rising Attention Recovery position
  21. 21. What NOT TO DO ? Do not discuss about the injury loudly Do not get create a crisis yourself ◦ If you can’t ACT, you can at least OBSERVE
  22. 22. The best aid... THANKS !!

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