National ANI Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) 47 23 Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) 212 35.63 Total Fertility Rate (TFR) 2.5 2.1 Institutional Delivery 73% 91.2% Malnutrition among children (0-3 yr) 40% 8.19% Sex Ratio (0-6 years) 914 968 Dropout rate in Elementary Education 42.39 0.41 Gender Gap in Literacy 16.68 8.27
Shared Values for Sustainable Development: A Case Study of Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Short Brief About
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR
THE STRATEGIC OUTPOST OF INDIA
I N D I A
C H I N A
O M A N
S A U D I
A R A B I A
S O M A L I A
B A N G L A D E S H
M A L A Y S I A
M Y A N M A R
T H A I L A N D
S R I
L A N K A
I R A N
T E N D E G R E E C H A N N E L
S U N D A S T R A I T S
L O M B O K S T R A I T S
S I X D E G R E E C H A N N E L
STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF ANI
No. of Islands 556/608
Inhabited Islands 37
Area 8250 sq.km.
Population-2011 Census 3.81 Lakh
Tribal Population-2011 Census 28,530
Total Forest Area (Reserve + Deemed
+ Mangroves + Wetlands)
Coastline (excluding creeks) 1962 km. (1/4th of
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) 6 Lakh sq.km. (30% of
Seismic Zone Category V (Most vulnerable)
Earthquakes (Above 4.5 Richter) 35(2013), 36(2014)
Working Season November – May
A&N Islands – At a glance
• Unique multi-cultural and multi-
linguistic society living with
cohesive racial and religious
harmony, a true representation of
the Constitution of India.
• Largely peaceful society with low
• Progressive social (health and
• Absence of environmental pollution.
• Rich in natural resources - marine
• Great Strategic Significance.
• Great potential for Fisheries and
• Remoteness of islands
– Transportation & communication constraints.
– High input costs (since most material has to be brought from
• Ecological concerns & limited land availability.
– 94% forest cover & long coastline; 56% land is tribal reserve.
– Delay in issuance of environmental clearances of projects.
• Limited avenues for economic growth.
– Unemployment - Government is major driver of economic
growth, service provider & employer.
– Potential for fisheries and tourism not exploited optimally.
• Absence of sprit of Free Enterprise.
• Vulnerability to disasters: multi-hazard prone area.
• Security Concerns.
CENTRE (s) OF GRAVITY
• Ensuring sustainable and inclusive growth while keeping
ecological concerns and tribal issues to the fore.
• Enhancing skill development and providing employment.
• Ensuring better inter-island and mainland connectivity.
• Improved communication including under sea-cable.
• Maintaining social harmony and multicultural identity
• Encouraging ecologically aligned tourism.
• Ensuring strategic security