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Shared Values for Sustainable Development: A Case Study of Andaman & Nicobar Islands

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The presentation was done by General Ajay Singh, Former Governor, Andaman & Nicobar Islands at the Shared Value Summit 2018.

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Shared Values for Sustainable Development: A Case Study of Andaman & Nicobar Islands

  1. 1. Short Brief About Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  2. 2. ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR THE STRATEGIC OUTPOST OF INDIA A NI
  3. 3. 3 3
  4. 4. I N D I A C H I N A O M A N S A U D I A R A B I A S O M A L I A B A N G L A D E S H M A L A Y S I A M Y A N M A R T H A I L A N D S R I L A N K A I R A N T E N D E G R E E C H A N N E L S U N D A S T R A I T S L O M B O K S T R A I T S S I X D E G R E E C H A N N E L STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF ANI MALACCA STRAIT
  5. 5. No. of Islands 556/608 Inhabited Islands 37 Area 8250 sq.km. Population-2011 Census 3.81 Lakh Tribal Population-2011 Census 28,530 Total Forest Area (Reserve + Deemed + Mangroves + Wetlands) 7728.04 sq.km. (93.69 %) Coastline (excluding creeks) 1962 km. (1/4th of India’s coastline) Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) 6 Lakh sq.km. (30% of India’s EEZ) Seismic Zone Category V (Most vulnerable) Earthquakes (Above 4.5 Richter) 35(2013), 36(2014) Working Season November – May (seven months) A&N Islands – At a glance
  6. 6. • Unique multi-cultural and multi- linguistic society living with cohesive racial and religious harmony, a true representation of the Constitution of India. • Largely peaceful society with low crime rate. • Progressive social (health and education) indicators. • Absence of environmental pollution. • Rich in natural resources - marine and forest. • Great Strategic Significance. • Great potential for Fisheries and Tourism. POSITIVE ATTRIBUTES 6
  7. 7. • Remoteness of islands – Transportation & communication constraints. – High input costs (since most material has to be brought from mainland). • Ecological concerns & limited land availability. – 94% forest cover & long coastline; 56% land is tribal reserve. – Delay in issuance of environmental clearances of projects. • Limited avenues for economic growth. – Unemployment - Government is major driver of economic growth, service provider & employer. – Potential for fisheries and tourism not exploited optimally. • Absence of sprit of Free Enterprise. • Vulnerability to disasters: multi-hazard prone area. • Security Concerns. CHALLENGES 7
  8. 8. CENTRE (s) OF GRAVITY  STRATEGIC SIGNIFICANCE  PEOPLE  PVTGs  ECOLOGY 8
  9. 9. VISION • Ensuring sustainable and inclusive growth while keeping ecological concerns and tribal issues to the fore. • Enhancing skill development and providing employment. • Ensuring better inter-island and mainland connectivity. • Improved communication including under sea-cable. • Maintaining social harmony and multicultural identity • Encouraging ecologically aligned tourism. • Ensuring strategic security 9
  10. 10. Thank you

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