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Navi Radjou Presentation at Thinkers50 India


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Thinkers50 India is a joint initiative of Institute for Competitiveness, India and Thinkers50.

Institute for Competitiveness, India is an international initiative centred in India, dedicated to enlarging and purposeful disseminating of the body of research and knowledge on competition and strategy. Institute for Competitiveness, India conducts and supports indigenous research, offers academic and executive courses, and provides advisory services to the Corporate and the Governments. The institute studies competition and its implications for company strategy; the competitiveness of nations, regions & cities and thus generates guidelines for businesses and those in governance; and suggests and provides solutions for socio-economic problems.

Created in 2001 by Stuart Crainer and Des Dearlove, the Thinkers50 was the first-ever global ranking of management thinkers. In the intervening decade, the scope of Thinkers50 has broadened to include a range of activities that support its mission of identifying, ranking and sharing the best management thinking in the world. Today, Thinkers50 is widely recognized as the world’s definitive ranking of the top 50 business thinkers, and the T50 Distinguished Achievement Awards are widely regarded as the “Oscars of management thinking.”

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Navi Radjou Presentation at Thinkers50 India

  1. 1. JUGAAD INNOVATION: A Frugal Approach To Driving Inclusive and Sustainable Growth Navi Radjou Innovation and leadership consultant Fellow, Judge Business School, University of Cambridge Co-author, Jugaad Innovation and From Smart To Wise Thinkers50 India Conference Gurgaon, 30 August 2013
  2. 2. “Bigger is better” innovation model $603 billion spent in R&D in 2011 2Copyright © Navi Radjou
  3. 3. Source: Strategy & BusinessSource: Strategy & Business 3Copyright © Navi Radjou
  4. 4. 4Copyright © Navi Radjou Western firms are stuck in “structured” processes (e.g., Six Sigma) Beth Comstock, CMO, GE “Our traditional teams are too slow. We're not innovating fast enough. We need to systematize change.»
  5. 5. The West needs a new innovation model 5Copyright © Navi Radjou
  6. 6. 6Copyright © Navi Radjou Scarcity is mother of invention
  7. 7. 7Copyright © Navi Radjou Kanak Das Adversity is father of invention
  8. 8. Source: African ingenuity Source: Filipino ingenuity 8Copyright © Navi Radjou Frugal ingenuity Peruvian ingenuity
  9. 9. 9Copyright © Navi Radjou “Scaling up” frugal ingenuity
  10. 10. INGENIOUS SOLUTIONS JUGAAD mindset 10Copyright © Navi Radjou
  11. 11. JUGAAD The gutsy ability to improvise an effective solution with limited resources… …using ingenuity & resilience Also known as: Jeitinho or Gambiarra in Brazil Zizhu Chuangxin in China Système D in France Do It Yourself (DIY) in USA 11Copyright © Navi Radjou
  12. 12. Intention (SANKALPA) Business/societal impact & value (KARMA) Negative Positive • Bribery • Nepotism • Commonwealth Games Selfish Altruistic Why you use jugaad makes big difference Improve/ optimize existing system: • Missed calls • Electricity theft Create a better NEW system: • Nano • Mobile banking • Distributed energy (SELCO) 12Copyright © Navi Radjou Abuse/ violate existing system:
  13. 13. 13Copyright © Navi Radjou Frugal Flexible Inclusive Jugaad innovation
  14. 14. 14Copyright © Navi Radjou Jugaad Innovation: frugal, flexible, inclusive Structured innovation: costly, rigid, elitist
  15. 15. 15Copyright © Navi Radjou
  16. 16. Western firms are integrating jugaad innovation in their organizations Unstructured Innovation (e.g., Jugaad) Structured Innovation (e.g., R&D-driven) 16Copyright © Navi Radjou
  17. 17. Carlos Ghosn CEO, Renault-Nissan “(These partnerships) allowed us to learn a lot more on… FRUGAL ENGINEERING” 17Copyright © Navi Radjou Adopting the jugaad mindset: Renault-Nissan
  18. 18. Carlos Ghosn CEO, Renault-Nissan “In the West, when we face huge problems and we lack resources, we tend to give up (too) easily… Jugaad is about never giving up!” 18Copyright © Navi Radjou Adopting the jugaad mindset: Renault-Nissan
  19. 19. Carlos Ghosn CEO, Renault-Nissan Dr. Sumantran Vice Chairman Ashok Leyland Copyright © Navi Radjou (2008-2012) 19 Adopting the jugaad mindset: Renault-Nissan Source:
  20. 20. Gérard Detourbet Renault’s head of entry-level vehicles 20Copyright © Navi Radjou Adopting the jugaad mindset: Renault-Nissan
  21. 21. Carlos Ghosn CEO, Renault-Nissan “We want to integrate and synergize the jugaad mindset of our Indian engineers with the project management skills of our French teams and the deep technical expertise of our Japanese R&D group” 21Copyright © Navi Radjou Adopting the jugaad mindset: Renault-Nissan
  22. 22. The West needs more « bricoleurs » 22Copyright © Navi Radjou Claude Lévi-Strauss Source: Wikipedia Source:
  23. 23. The MAKER Movement and the Do-It-Yourself (DIY) Revolution 23Copyright © Navi Radjou
  24. 24. The MAKER Movement and the Do-It-Yourself (DIY) Revolution 24Copyright © Navi Radjou
  25. 25. GE taps grassroots jugaad innovators 25Copyright © Navi Radjou
  26. 26. Western universities are training jugaad-minded engineers & managers 26Copyright © Navi Radjou
  27. 27. 27Copyright © Navi Radjou Jane Chen Co-founder EMBRACE Western universities are training jugaad-minded engineers & managers
  28. 28. 28
  29. 29. 29Copyright © Navi Radjou Western governments are embracing “bottom up” jugaad innovation FEMA Think Tank Conference at White House, 6 February 2013 Richard Serino Deputy Administrator FEMA Desiree Matel-Anderson Innovation Advisor FEMA Yours truly
  30. 30. Indian youth: Generation J(ugaad) GETJUGAAD.COM 31Copyright © Navi Radjou
  31. 31. 32Copyright © Navi Radjou Jugaad innovation R&D-driven structured innovation R&D-driven structured innovation Jugaad innovation Indian innovation & leadership model Western innovation & leadership model
  32. 32. Thank you Navi Radjou Twitter @JugaadIndiaNow