Erp overview

329 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Erp overview

  1. 1. ERP Systems: An Overview Dr. Nityesh Bhatt Institute of Management, Nirma University nityesh@imnu.ac.in
  2. 2. Dynamic Business Environment & Role of IS       Blurring Business Boundary Cut-Throat Competition Demanding Customers Vigilant Government, Regulator and Judiciary Changing Role of Trade Partners Wider Choice with Employees
  3. 3. Business Information Value Chain * Business Functions Vs Business Processes ???
  4. 4. Order Fulfillment Process * Business Functions are inter-related - System Imperative?
  5. 5. Enterprise Applications • Designed to support organization-wide process coordination and integration • Consist of : • Enterprise systems • • • Supply chain management systems Customer relationship management systems Knowledge management systems
  6. 6. Enterprise Application Architecture
  7. 7. Enterprise Resource Planning • Provides a single information system for organizationwide coordination and integration of key business processes. • Interdependent software modules with a common central database that enable seamless flow of information throughout the firm What was Pre-ERP Scenario ?
  8. 8. Traditional (“Silo”) View of Systems What are TPS & MIS ??
  9. 9. Transaction Processing Systems (TPS) • A computerized system that performs and records the daily routine transactions • Online (Real time) Vs. Offline (Batch Processing) System • What are functional information system ? * Need for Integration ???
  10. 10. Enterprise Systems
  11. 11. Characteristics of an ERP System        Integrated Sub-System concept Management Oriented Management Directed Common Database Common Dataflow Heavy Planning element
  12. 12. Pre-requisites of Effective ERP        Top Management Support Technology Oriented Staff Qualified Systems Control of System Periodic Evaluation Database Networks
  13. 13. Benefits of Enterprise Systems • Help to unify the firm’s structure and organization: One organization • Management: Firm wide knowledge-based management processes • Technology: Unified platform • Business: More efficient operations & customer-driven business processes
  14. 14. Constraints in Implementing ERP      Lack of skilled professionals High turnover of experts Lack of staff cooperation Large investment & huge time requirement Benefits not known to management
  15. 15. Challenges of Enterprise Systems • Difficult to build: Require fundamental changes in the way the business operates (Change Management) • Technology: Require complex pieces of software and large investments of time, money, and expertise • On-time, on-budget implementation • Centralized organizational coordination and decision making: Not the best way for all kinds of firms

×