Reliance mutual funds has now gone ahead of Unit Trust of India (UTI) to become India's largest mutual fund by AUM (assets under management).According to AFMI (Association of Mutual Funds of India) Reliance's AUM were Rs 39000 crore in January compared to Rs 37500 crore of UTI.Prudential ICICI MF is now in the third position with AUM of 34750 crore and HDFC MF is at fourth position with AUM of 31500 crore.Total AUM of all mutual funds in India (except Taurus and Escorts) is now at Rs 323500 crore.
Of all the investment options, MF”s are touted to be the best tool for wealth creation over a long term. They are of several types, and risk varies with the kind of asset classes these funds invest in. Here is a dummy”s guide to this investment tool.A fund that is created when a large no: of investors put in their money, and is managed by professionally qualified persons with experience in investing different asset classes-shares, bonds,money market instrumentsand other assets like gold and property. Mutual funds are compulsorily registered with SEBI, which also act as first wall of defence for all investors in these funds.
Kothari Pioneer was the first private sector mutual fund company in India which has now merged with Franklin Templeton. Just after ten years with private sector players penetration, the total assets rose up to Rs. 1218.05 bn. Today there are 33 mutual fund companies in India.
MUTUAL FUND S
Concept of Mutual Fund (MF’s)S Defined:- A fund that is created when a large number of investors put in their money, and is managed by professionally qualified persons.S It is a vehicle for collective investment, a way of becoming part- owner of the investment held under the scheme.S Till 1986, UTI was only mutual fund in India, which has outnumbered to 33 major emerged Mf’s.
Entities in MF’s operationS Sponsor:- It is like promoter of a company, maybe a bank, FI’s or a financial service company. For E.g. sponsor for Templeton Mutual Fund is Templeton international INC. Sponsor is responsible for setting up and establishing the mutual fund.S Trustee:- a corporate body appointed by sponsor. It appoints Asset Management Company(AMC), secure necessary approvals, periodically monitor AMC functions.
Entities in MF’s continues…S Asset Management Company(AMC):- also referred to as the investment manager, is separate company appointed the trustees to run the mutual fund. For E.G.: Templeton Asset Management Pvt. Is AMC of Templeton MF.S Custodian:- it handles investment back office operations of MF’s. It looks after receipt and delivery of securities, collection of income, distribution of dividends.S Registrar & Transfer Agents:- they handle investor related services such as sending fact sheet, annual reports. It may be outsourced to SEBI approved agents like KARVY & CAMS.
Mutual funds Classified Open Growth Tax saving ended schemes schemesschemes Close Income Index ended schemes schemesschemes Sector Interval Balanced specificschemes schemes schemes Money market schemes
Classification Discussed…S Open ended schemes:- is the one that an investor can buy or sell as and when they intend to at a NAV based price.S Close-ended schemes:- it usually issue units to investors only once, when they launch an offer, called New Fund Offer (NFO). Thereafter, these units are listed in stock exchanges where they are traded on daily basis.S Exchange Traded Funds:- is a hybrid of close-ended & open-ended index funds. It is listed on stock exchange and like an open-ended fund it creates and redeems units in line with rise and fall of demand.
Open-ended Vs. Close-ended Open-ended index fund Close-ended index fundS Subscription on continuous basis. S subscription for limited period(usually 3months).S Permits investor to withdraw funds on continuing basis. S Does not allow withdrawal as and when they like.S No fixed maturity period. S Has a fixed maturity period(5 to 15 yrs).S Not listed in secondary market. S Listed on secondary market.
Structuring in ETF ETF units Cash Buy/sell Arbitrage ETF units cashCreation in-kind Redemption in-kind
Mutual Fund TerminologyS NAV- It is actual value of a share on any business day. Its equal to market value of the funds investment +receivable +accrued income – liabilities-accrued expenses Number of shares outstanding
Continues…S Rate of return –It is the of money gained or lost on an investment relative to amount of money invested. It is also called as ROIS Repurchase price –It is the price at which the buyer of the securities is obilized to sell back the asset to the seller in relation to repurchase agreementS Standard deviation- equal to the square root of mean of the squares of the deviations from the arithmetic mean of the distribution.
Continues…S BETA - beta of a fund measures its past price volatility relative to a particular stock market indexS ALFHA- Alpha measures the extra return earned on a scheme on a risk –adjusted basisS Large cap- Larger companies worth $5 billion or more, like General Electric (NYSE: GE).S Mid cap- Medium-size companies worth $1 billion to $5 billion, like Barnes & Noble (NYSE: BKS).S Small cap - Smaller companies worth $250 million to $1 billion, like Hot Topic (Nasdaq: HOTT).
Advantages of Mutual Funds Increased Diversification Daily Liquidity Professional Investment Management Ability to participate in investments that may be available only to larger investors Service & Convenience Government oversight Ease to comparison
Disadvantages of Mutual Funds Fees Less control over timing of recognition of gains Less predictable income No opportunity to customize
References of studyS http://finance.indiamart.com/india_business_information/mutual_fu nd_companies.htmlS www.wikipedia.com/financeS http://sunseven.hubpages.com/hub/The-Top-10-Mutual-Funds-in- IndiaS Security Analysis & Portfolio Management – Prassana & ChandraS Security Analysis & Portfolio Management- P. PandianS http://www.e-investing.in/mutual-funds/106-reliance-mutual-fund-now-indias- largest-mf.html
AMIT KUMAR ROYVIVEK SINGHNITIN VERMAPARITOSH JAIN