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Ppt 1

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Ppt 1

  1. 1. Lecture 1
  2. 2. Environmental Literacy <ul><li>Capability for a contextual and detailed understanding of an environmental problem in order to enable analysis, synthesis, evaluation, and ultimately sound and informed decision making at a citizen’s level. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Environment Literacy <ul><li>Citizens should have the knowledge, tools, and sensitivity to properly address an environmental problem </li></ul><ul><li>Practices, activities and feelings grounded in familiarity and sound knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>A comprehensive EL course includes scientific, social economic, organizational, and ethical dimensions to understand the inter-connected nature of environmental problems, the societal and individual decision-making </li></ul><ul><li>EL course should also include role of individual and decision-making with regard to the economy, ways of living and technology choices. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Importance of Environmental Education <ul><li>Environment is the physical and biotic habitat that surrounds us </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental issues affect, and are affected by, all our activities to varying degrees. </li></ul><ul><li>Alerting the public to the need to achieve global sustainable development and the likely consequences of failing to do so. </li></ul><ul><li>Focusing the educational curricula for global sustainable development by incorporating the know-how and skills also the moral imperatives </li></ul><ul><li>Ecological inter-dependence of economic, social and political factors </li></ul><ul><li>Create environmental ethics to foster awareness about environment </li></ul><ul><li>Change in values, attitudes required </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental education is evolving to be the education for sustainable and ethical development, both at a local and global level </li></ul>
  5. 5. Importance of Environmental Education (contd.) <ul><li>Knowledge about the environment promotes attitudinal and behavior change </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental education is an agent of change and a step toward community empowerment </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental education aims at increasing public awareness and knowledge about environmental issues </li></ul><ul><li>Provides facts, opinions, or skills to make informed decisions and take environmental decisions and take responsible actions </li></ul><ul><li>It does not advocate a particular point of view or course of actions </li></ul><ul><li>It teaches individuals the pros and cons of an issue through critical thinking and enhances their problem-solving skills </li></ul>
  6. 6. Conserve the Environment
  7. 7. Environment Impact Assessment <ul><li>Formal process used to predict the environmental consequences of any developmental project. </li></ul><ul><li>EIA ensures that potential problems are foreseen and addresses at an early stage in the project planning and design. </li></ul><ul><li>EIA is intended to identify the environmental, social and economic impacts of a proposed development prior to decision making. </li></ul><ul><li>See pages 261-266, Benny Joseph </li></ul>
  8. 8. The EIA Process <ul><li>There are two distinct stages in the EIA process: </li></ul><ul><li>Preliminary assessment: carried out in the early stages </li></ul><ul><li>Detailed assessment: carried out during project planning and reported as Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) </li></ul><ul><li>The key elements of an EIA are the following: </li></ul><ul><li>Scoping: identify key issues and concerns of interested parties </li></ul><ul><li>Screening: decide whether an EIA is required based on information collected </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying and evaluating alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>Mitigating measures to deal with uncertainty: review proposed action to prevent or </li></ul><ul><li>minimize potential adverse effects of the project </li></ul><ul><li>Issuing environmental statements: reporting the findings of EIA </li></ul>
  9. 9. Participants in EIA Process <ul><li>Proponent: Government or Private agency which initiates the project </li></ul><ul><li>Decision maker: Designated individual or group </li></ul><ul><li>Assessor: Agency responsible for preparation of EIS </li></ul><ul><li>Reviewer: Individual/Agency/Board </li></ul><ul><li>Expert advisors, Media and Public, Environmental organizations </li></ul>
  10. 10. Environment Impact Statement Contents <ul><li>Description of proposed action (construction, operation and shut down) and selection of alternatives to the proposed action </li></ul><ul><li>Nature and magnitude of the likely environmental effects </li></ul><ul><li>Possibility of earthquakes and cyclones </li></ul><ul><li>Possible effects on surface and ground water quality, soil and air quality </li></ul><ul><li>Effects on vegetation, wild life and endangered species </li></ul><ul><li>Economic and demographic factors </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of relevant human concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Noise pollution. Efficient use of inputs </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling and reduction of waste </li></ul><ul><li>Risk analysis and disaster management </li></ul>
  11. 11. Design of EIA <ul><li>Important aspects that should be considered </li></ul><ul><li>for the design of EIA are listed below: </li></ul><ul><li>Project design and construction </li></ul><ul><li>Project operation </li></ul><ul><li>Site characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Possible environmental impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Socio-economic and socio-political factors </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of information and resources </li></ul>
  12. 12. Importance of EIA <ul><li>It is Government policy that any industrial project has to obtain EIA clearance from the Ministry of Environment </li></ul><ul><li>EIA is potentially useful component of good environmental management </li></ul><ul><li>EIA Agencies in India </li></ul><ul><li>Central Pollution Control Board, New Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>National Institution of Occupational Health, Ahmedabad </li></ul><ul><li>Quality Monitoring and Research Laboratory, Mumbai </li></ul><ul><li>International EIA Agencies </li></ul><ul><li>WHO </li></ul><ul><li>United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Polluter-pays-principle <ul><li>Those who pollute must pay for the damages they have caused </li></ul><ul><li>The ideas originated in the 1970s when members of OECD countries introduced a system where pollution costs are to be paid by the polluters and not by the public </li></ul><ul><li>It is widely accepted but often ignored </li></ul>
  14. 14. How can you make a difference? To see a world in a grain of sand And a Heaven in a wild flower Hold infinity in the Palm of your hand And Eternity in an Hour William Blake
  15. 15. Summary <ul><li>Environmental literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of environmental education </li></ul><ul><li>Environment Impact Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Polluter-pays-principle </li></ul>
  16. 16. The End

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