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Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies
specimens and citation number of each specimen are reserved in
the Entomology laboratory, Department of Zoology, Jagannath
University and taxonomic and morphological studies equipments is
supplied by Entomology laboratory, Department of Zoology,
Jagannath University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
3. Results & Discussions
We do not know the exact numbers of species in an area are being
discovered every year. In some cases these species simply haven’t
been recorded from the area before even though they are known to
occur elsewhere. In other cases new recorded are being described
by scientists. Because of these we do not even know the total
number of species that occur in Bangladesh. Clench (1979) stated
that, a regional list will never be complete, but as the number of
collecting man-hours in the study area increases, the closer to
completeness the list becomes. However, the species of Lycaenidae
and Hesperiidae families often pose a great challenge of
identification, with many look alikes with very similar features.
Over the years, Butterfly Circle did some misidenfications, and
now adopted greater rigor in validation before establishing the
identification of a species for inclusion into the Bangladeshi
5 new species of butterflies are recorded from 3 different areas of
Bangladesh. These butterflies are recorded from Dhaka, Pirojpur
and Cox`s Bazar (St. Martin island) districts of Bangladesh.
I. Little Tiger Pierrot (Tarucus balkanicus Freyer, 1844).
Tarucus balkanicus (Little Tiger Pierrot) is recorded for the first
time in Bangladesh from Birulia, Savar, Dhaka. Date- 28/08/2013,
Time- 1.25 PM (GMT +06:00), GPS Coordination: 23º50'N and
90º20'E (fig. 1).
This small butterfly is belongs to the Lycaenidae or Blue family.
Distribution of T. balkanicus is Mauritania, Sudan, Uganda, Saudi
Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Algeria, south-eastern
Europe, Asia Minor, Middle East, Syria, Iran and North Africa.
Also have a subspecies Tarucus balkanicus nigra Bethune-Baker,
1918 (Black-spotted Pierrot) found in southern part of India.
In Bangladesh have only three recorded species under Tarucus
genus from previous. Those are Tarucus callinara Butler 1867;
Tarucus venosus Evans, Moore 1882; Tarucus nara kollar, 1848
and have recorded one sub-species Tarucus balkanicus nigra
Bethune-Baker 1917. T. balkanicus nigra a sub-species T.
balkanicus nigra was recorded from North region in Bangladesh
(Dinajpur) by Evans and some areas of Dhaka region (Larsen,
2004). But Tarucus balkanicus was not recorded previous before
our present study in river side area’s butterflies of Turag River.
Morphological Characteristics: Wingspan of Tarucus balkanicus
23-28 mm, Flight low over grasses and shrubs, hind wing tailed,
under wing white with prominent black streak like as Tarucus nara
and Tarucus venosus. Under wing white with prominent black
streak in under forewing cell. Upper wing of male in T. balkanicus
is dull blue color, black marks elongated into streaks rather than
rounded spots. 3 black spots present in between subapical and
postdiscal interspace of upper forewing just side of costa area of
male T. balkanicus. Under wing makings are variable especially in
dry season form.
II. Bhutya Lineblue (Prosotas bhutea de Nicéville, 1883)
A new Prosotas species Prosotas bhutea from blues family
(Lycaenidae) under the Prosotas genera for the first time in
Bangladesh reported from national botanical garden of mirpur-1,
Dhaka. GPS Coordination: 23º49'N and 90º20'E Date: 28-11-2013,
Recorded Time- 9:42 AM (GMT +06:00) (fig. 2).
According to previous survey we have 5 Prosotas sp. such as
prosotas nora airdates Moore, 1875; Prosotas pia marginata Tite,
1963; Prosotas aluta coelestis Wood-Mason & de Nicéville, 1886 ;
Prosotas dubiosa indica Evans, 1925; Prosotas lutea sivoka Evans,
1910 (Larsen, 2004).
Morphological Characteristics: Wingspan of Prosotas bhutea 25-
27 mm. Hind wing of Prosotas bhutea tailed. Under part dark
brown with or without yellowish tinge. Bands on under wing
narrow, only slightly darker than background color. Basal band on
under fore wing confined to cell, discal band is not bellow vein 2 or
1 dot in space 1b.
III. Oriental Grass Jewel (Freyeria putli Kollar, 1844).
A tiny species from blues family (Lycaenidae) is reported from
Arakul of South Keraniganj, Dhaka. GPS Coordinate: 23º41'N and
90º23'E Date: 24/01/2014, Time- 11:44 am (GMT +06:00). In the
location of this coordination a small group has been found and is
still in existence. Freyeria putli is very difficult to identify because
it is easily overlooked. Size and it`s similarity is as same like with
the common grass blues in the field.
In Bangladesh Freyeria putli have no confirm record from
previous. This species is counted in IUCN Checklist depending on
guess. It known as Eastern Grass Jewel from Calcutta and from the
Arakan (Larsen, 2004), but Freyeria trochilus Freyer, 1845 have
record from several location. Such as Gazipur, Comilla,
Kishoreganj, Panchagar, Narsingdi & Bandarban (Lama) districts
of Bangladesh. Butterflies of Bangladesh (fig. 3).
Morphological Characteristics: Wingspan of Freyeria putli is 12-
16 mm. Its habitat is open, drier location. Flight close to the
ground. Adult hind wing tailless, under part of Freyeria putli grey
to light brown. 2 black spots crowned with metallic color present in
hind wings margin.
IV. Plain Palm-Dart (Cephrenes acalle Höpffer, 1874)
From family Hesperiidae under Cephrenes genera is reported from
two different area National botanical garden, Dhaka & Teknaf,
Cox`s Bazar for the first time in Bangladesh. GPS Coordination of
Dhaka is 23º50'N and 90º20'E, Date: 22/02/2014, Time- 01:11PM
(GMT +06:00) and GPS Coordinate of St martin`s Island, Teknaf,
Cox`s Bazar: 20º36'N and 92º19'E, Date: 01/03/2014, Time-
01.15PM (GMT +06:00) (fig. 4a & 4b).
In IUCN checklist 2004 it was counted based on guesses. The plain
palm dart was regularly caught in Calcutta and was found in
Cachar. According to Larsen it must be in Bangladesh (Larsen,
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Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies
Morphological Characteristics: The Wingspan of Cephrenes
acalle is 42-44 mm. The adults, especially the males, are similar to
Telicota spp. but are generally larger than Telicota spp. Male is
dark brown with orange-yellow markings, which includes on the
forewing, a post-discal band running from dorsum to vein 6 and
three sub-apical spots, and on the hindwing, an orange-yellow
discal band, central streaks and tornal cilia. The female's markings
are usually much sullied and the hind wing beneath has an oily
sheen and may be colored green, bluish and purple.
V. Double-banded Judy (Abisara bifasciata Moore, 1877)
Sub family: Nemeobiinae
Abisara bifasciata is first time reported from Tushkhali, Pirojpur
district. Another species from family Riodindae under Abisara
genera is recorded for the first time confirm record in Bangladesh.
GPS Coordinate: 22º21' N and 89º55' E, Date: 14/02/2014, Time-
12:28 PM (GMT +06:00) (fig. 5).
Morphological Characteristics: Wingspan 42-50 mm. More
active during afternoon and evening, flying up and down paths and
clearing with an erratic jerky flight likely as another individual
species under the abisara genera Abisara echerius suffuse Moore,
1882 which is first record was by Abdul Razzak from the
Jahangirnagar University campus April 2003 (Larsen TB, 2004).
Abisara bifasciata have reddish brown wings color with greenish
eye. Hind wing of Abisara bifasciata not pointed tailed,
prominently toothed at vein 4 and and possess 2 or more prominent
ocelli near the apex. The hind wings & forewings of Abisara
bifasciata never held parallel to each other.
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Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies
Addition of new five species of butterfly in our butterfly checklist
is a significantly contribution for butterfly fauna of Bangladesh.
This kind of finding is significantly important in updating the status
and distribution of butterfly fauna of Bangladesh.
Authors would like to acknowledge Ashok Sengupta,
Peter Smetacek, Sunny Chir, Haneesh Km, Tarun Karmakar for
their valuable suggestion during survey period and reconfirmation
of these species. Authors also thankful to Tanvir Ahmad Shaikot
and Anik Chandra Mandal for their excellent participation during
survey time. Authors are thankful to Professor Dr. Md. Saiful
Islam, Chairman, Department of Zoology, Jagannath University,
Dhaka -1100 for his encouragement during the study. This research
work was supported by Ministry of Science and Technology,
Bangladesh under special research grants for 2012-2013.
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