34191701 project-oxygen-vijeth

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34191701 project-oxygen-vijeth

  1. 1. SEMINAR ON<br />PROJECT OXYGEN<br />Presented By:<br /> VIJET R HEGDE<br /> 3VC05IS056<br />
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION<br /><ul><li>Machine centred.
  3. 3. We are serving them.
  4. 4. Difficult to use.
  5. 5. Right now, Computers have required us to interact with them on their own terms and speak their language
  6. 6. Solution is OXYGEN.</li></li></ul><li>WHAT IS OXYGEN ??<br /><ul><li>Bringing abundant computation and communication, as pervasive and free as air, naturally into people's lives.
  7. 7. Computation will be
  8. 8. human-centered.
  9. 9. freely available everywhere, like batteries and power sockets, or oxygen in the air we breathe.
  10. 10. configurable generic devices, either handheld or embedded, will bring computation to us, irrespective of our location.
  11. 11. We won't have to type, click, or learn new computer jargon.
  12. 12. Instead, we'll communicate naturally, using speech and gestures that describe our intent </li></li></ul><li>CHALLENGES...<br /><ul><li>Pervasive—
  13. 13. embedded—
  14. 14. nomadic—
  15. 15. adaptable—
  16. 16. powerful, yet efficient—
  17. 17. intentional—
  18. 18. Eternal—</li></li></ul><li>TECHNOLOGIES...<br /><ul><li>Oxygen device technologies
  19. 19. H21- Hand held
  20. 20. E21- Embedded
  21. 21. Oxygen network technologies
  22. 22. N21- Network
  23. 23. Oxygen software technologies
  24. 24. Oxygen perceptual technologies
  25. 25. Vision
  26. 26. Speech
  27. 27. Oxygen user technologies
  28. 28. Knowledge Access
  29. 29.  Automation 
  30. 30. Collaboration</li></li></ul><li>DEVICE TECHNOLOGIES...<br /><ul><li>H21 Or HANDY 21
  31. 31. anonymous devices that do not carry a large amount of permanent local state
  32. 32. they configure themselves through software to be used in a wide range of environments for a wide variety of purposes.
  33. 33. customize itself to the user's preferred configuration
  34. 34. contain board-level antennas that enable them to couple with a wireless N21 network, embedded E21, or nearby H21s to form collaborative regions
  35. 35. H21s can serve as cellular phones, beepers, radios, televisions, geographical positioning systems, cameras, or PDAs</li></li></ul><li>H21<br />
  36. 36. DEVICE TECHNOLOGIES...<br /><ul><li>E21
  37. 37. Environmental devices, together called an E21, provide a local-area computational and communication back-plane for an intelligent space.
  38. 38. E21s are connected to nearby sensors, actuators, and appliances, suitably encapsulated in physical objects.
  39. 39. communicate with each other and with nearby H21s through dynamically configured networks N21s.
  40. 40. provide sufficient computational power throughout the environment
  41. 41. to communicate with people using natural perceptual resources, such as speech and vision,
  42. 42. to support Oxygen's user technologies wherever people may be, and
  43. 43. to monitor and control their environment. </li></li></ul><li>Devices used in E21<br />Antenna<br />display<br />projector<br />camera<br />printer<br />microphones<br />
  44. 44. NETWORK TECHNOLOGIES...<br /><ul><li>N21
  45. 45. They configure and reconfigure themselves automatically
  46. 46. Networks route heterogeneous traffic efficiently,
  47. 47. N21s, connect dynamically changing configurations of self-identifying mobile and stationary devices.
  48. 48. integrate different wireless, terrestrial, and satellite networks into one seamless internet
  49. 49. Through algorithms, protocols, and middleware, they deal with
  50. 50. Configuration of Collaborative regions
  51. 51. Resource and location discovery
  52. 52. Security
  53. 53. Adaptation</li></li></ul><li>NETWORK TECHNOGIES...<br /><ul><li>Network Today
  54. 54. Grid
  55. 55. Span
  56. 56. Chord
  57. 57. Intentional Naming System (INS)</li></li></ul><li>Intentional name<br />[service = camera]<br />[building = NE43<br />[room = 510]]<br />INS WORKING<br />camera510.lcs.mit.edu<br />Lookup<br />image<br />Resolver <br />self-configuration<br />Intentional name resolvers <br />form an overlay network<br />Late binding: integrate resolution and message routing<br />
  58. 58. SOFTWARE TECHNOLOGIES...<br /><ul><li>Software infrastructures
  59. 59. MetaGlue
  60. 60. CORE
  61. 61. Click
  62. 62. SUDS</li></li></ul><li>PERVASIVE TECHNOLOGIES...<br /><ul><li>SPEECH
  63. 63. Humans communicate with computers, in much the same way they communicate with one another, using speech.
  64. 64. without having to remember a URL, search through the Web for a pointer to a document, or use keyword search engines.
  65. 65. provides a number of limited-domain interfaces, as well as mechanisms for users to navigate effortlessly from one domain to another
  66. 66. The spoken language subsystem is an integral part of Oxygen's infrastructure, not just a set of applications or external interfaces
  67. 67. Four components
  68. 68. Speech recognition
  69. 69. Language understanding
  70. 70. Language generation
  71. 71. Speech synthesis</li></li></ul><li>Conversational system architecture<br /><ul><li>Galaxy
  72. 72. SUMMIT
  73. 73. TINA
  74. 74. dialog manager
  75. 75. GENESIS
  76. 76. ENVOICE </li></li></ul><li>PERVASIVE TECHNOLOGIES...<br /><ul><li>VISION
  77. 77. say "show it to me there," turning their heads or pointing with their arms to indicate where.
  78. 78. using facial expressions and gestures, without having to express everything in words.
  79. 79. Computers recognize and classify features and actions
  80. 80. They detect patterns and object interactions
  81. 81. The visual processing system contains
  82. 82. visual perception
  83. 83. visual rendering
  84. 84. Components
  85. 85. Object recognition
  86. 86. Activity monitoring and classification</li></li></ul><li>USER TECHNOLOGIES...<br /><ul><li>Oxygen user technologies include:
  87. 87. Automation technologies:
  88. 88. which offer natural, easy-to-use, and adaptive mechanisms for automating and tuning repetitive information and control tasks.
  89. 89. Collaboration technologies
  90. 90. which enable the formation of spontaneous collaborative regions that accommodate the needs of highly mobile people and computations.
  91. 91. They also provide support for recording and archiving speech and video fragments from meetings.
  92. 92. Knowledge access technologies
  93. 93. which offer greatly improved access to information, according to the needs of people, applications, and software systems.
  94. 94. They allow users to access their own knowledge bases</li></li></ul><li>SCENARIOS...<br />
  95. 95. Other Applications<br /><ul><li>Business applications
  96. 96. Medical field
  97. 97. Education</li></li></ul><li>CONCLUSIONS...<br /><ul><li>Project Oxygen is a project to build a human centered, pervasive computer.
  98. 98. It is a $50 mnproject sponsored by “oxygen alliance” which includes
  99. 99. Acer Inc.,
  100. 100. Delta Electronics Inc.,
  101. 101. Hewlett-Packard Co.,
  102. 102. Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corp.,
  103. 103. Nokia Corp. and
  104. 104. Philips Research, a unit of Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.
  105. 105. Started in 1999, but not yet completed.
  106. 106. Concept of N21 and INS are very difficult to be practical.
  107. 107. Answers to many questions yet to be revealed!!!</li></li></ul><li>REFERENCES...<br />http://www.oxygen.lcs.mit.edu<br />http:// WIKIPEDIA.org<br />http://www.cnn.com<br />
  108. 108. THANK YOU !!<br />QUESTIONS ???<br />

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