ANALYSIS OF STATE BULLYINGLAWS AND POLICIES Bullying in schools has become widely viewed as an urgentsocial, health, and education concern that has moved to the forefrontof public debate on school legislation and policy. The ColumbineHigh School shooting in 1999 was the first of many high-profileincidents of violent behavior that appeared to implicate bullying as anunderlying cause (Greene & Ross, 2005). The incident ignited awave of new legislative action within state legislatures that aimed tocurtail bullying behavior on school campuses or to mitigate itseffects. The trend was later fueled by a number of highly visiblesuicides among school-age children and adolescents that werelinked to chronic bullying, attracting national attention to the issue(Marr & Field, 2001). Stuart-Cassel, V., Bell, A., Springer, J., & Office of Planning, E. (2011). Analysis of StateBullying Laws and Policies. Office Of Planning, Evaluation And Policy Development, USDepartment Of Education,
TO ADDRESS THE ISSUE Federal Partners in Bullying Prevention SummitConsisted of:1. Government officials2. Researchers3. Policy Makers4. TeachersStuart-Cassel, V., Bell, A., Springer, J., & Office of Planning, E. (2011). Analysisof State Bullying Laws and Policies. Office Of Planning, Evaluation AndPolicy Development, US Department Of Education
ANALYSIS OF STATE BULLYING LAWS AND POLICIES CONTINUED…Key Findings Forty-six states have bullying laws and 45 of those laws direct school districts toadopt bullying policies. However, three of the 46 states prohibit bullying withoutdefining the behavior that is prohibited. Thirty-six states include provisions in their education codes prohibitingcyberbullying or bullying using electronic media. Thirteen states specify thatschools have jurisdiction over off-campus behavior if it creates a hostile schoolenvironment. Forty-one states have created model bullying policies, 12 of which were notmandated to do so under law. Three other states, including Hawaii, Montana,and Michigan, also developed model policies in the absence of state bullyinglegislation. Among the 20 school district bullying policies reviewed in this study, districtslocated in states with more expansive legislation produced the most expansiveschool district policies. However, several school districts in states with lessexpansive laws also substantially expanded the scope and content of theirpolicies beyond the minimum legal expectations.
SCS TO THE NCVS School Crime Supplement to the National Crime VictimizationSurvey In school year 2008-09, some 7,066,000 U.S. students ages12 through 18, or 28.0 percent of all such students, reportedthey were bullied at school, and about 1,521,000, or 6.0percent, reported they were cyber-bullied anywhere (i.e., on oroff school property). Estimates are included for the followingstudent characteristics: student sex, race/ethnicity, grade, andhousehold income. DeVoe, J., Murphy, C., & National Center for Education Statistics, (. (2011). Student Reports ofBullying and Cyber-Bullying: Results from the 2009 School Crime Supplement to the NationalCrime Victimization Survey. Web Tables. NCES 2011-336. National Center For EducationStatistics
CYBER-BULLYING VICTIM Megan Taylor Meier (November 6, 1992 –October 17, 2006) was anAmerican teenagerfrom Missouri, whocommitted suicide byhanging three weeks beforeher fourteenth birthday. Hersuicide was attributedto cyber-bullying throughthe social networkingwebsite MySpace.
OFFICE OF JUVENILE JUSTICE ANDDELINQUENCY PREVENTION Key findings: (1) Bullying is a complex social and emotionalphenomenon that plays out differently on an individual level;(2) Bullying does not directly cause truancy; (3) Schoolengagement protects victims from truancy and low academicachievement; (4) When schools provide a safe learningenvironment in which adults model positive behavior, they canmitigate the negative effects of bullying; and (5) Anyinterventions to address bullying or victimization should beintentional, student-focused engagement strategies that fit thecontext of the school where they are used. Seeley, K., Tombari, M. L., Bennett, L. J., Dunkle, J. B., & US Department ofJustice, O. (2011). Bullying in Schools: An Overview. Juvenile JusticeBulletin. Office Of Juvenile Justice And Delinquency Prevention,
JODEE BLANCO www.jodeeblanco.com “The bully neverremembers but theoutcast never forgets”
REVIEW A form of aggressive behavior manifested by the use of force toaffect others. It can includeverbal harassment, physical assault or coercion and may be directedrepeatedly towards particular victims, perhaps on groundsof race, religion, gender, sexuality, or ability. First state to pass bullying law? Bullying Prevention Summit consist of? Survivor Turned Activist“The Voice of America’s Bullied Students” WHO IS THIS PERSON?