Offshore structures are used worldwide for a variety of functions and in a variety of water depths, and environments. Since right selection of equipment, types of
platforms and method of drilling and also right planning, design, fabrication, transportation, installation and commissioning of petroleum platforms, considering
the water depth and environment conditions are very important, this paper will present a general overview of these aspects. This paper reviews the fundamentals
behind all types of offshore structures (fixed or floating) and, in the case of fixed platforms, will cover applications of these principles. The overall objective is to provide a general understanding of different stages of design, construction, loadout, transportation and installation of offshore platforms. Finally, for different sea-water
depths, in which the Cyprus platforms are intended to be installed, suitable kinds of offshore platforms are proposed.