Havana City 01 古巴哈瓦那
李常生 (Eddie) 、林小圓 (Amy) 整理 email@example.com
All photos from Internet
2/8/2010 台北 Taipei Taiwan
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• Havana is the capital city, major port, and leading commercial centre of Cuba. The city is one of
the 14 Cuban provinces. The city/province has 2.4 million inhabitants, and the urban area over
3.7 million, making Havana the largest city in both Cuba and the Caribbean region.The city
extends mostly westward and southward from the bay, which is entered through a narrow inlet
and which divides into three main harbours: Marimelena, Guanabacoa, and Atarés. The sluggish
Almendares River traverses the city from south to north, entering the Straits of Florida a few
miles west of the bay. In 1959 the city halted its growth, and since then has suffered a net loss of
living units, despite its population increase.
• King Philip II of Spain granted Havana the title of City in 1592 and a royal decree in 1634
recognized its importance by officially designated as the "Key to the New World and Rampart of
the West Indies".Havana's coat of arms carries this inscription. The Spaniards began building
fortifications, and in 1553 they transferred the governor's residence to Havana from Santiago de
Cuba on the eastern end of the island, thus making Havana the de facto capital. The importance
of harbour fortifications was early recognized as English, French, and Dutch sea marauders
attacked the city in the 16th century.The sinking of the U.S. battleship Maine in Havana's harbor
in 1898 was the immediate cause of the Spanish-American War.
• Present day Havana is the center of the Cuban government, and various ministries and
headquarters of businesses are based there.