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Introduction safety in the workplace 2015


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Introduction safety in the workplace 2015

  1. 1. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)  Mandatory PPE- All personnel entering the construction site / plant /other work /premises necessaries, SHALL wear safety helmet, safety glass, safety shoes /boots and long sleeves shirt with long pants (coverall).  Additional PPE must be used based on task and the risk involved.
  2. 2. GENERAL DUTIES OF EMPLOYERS AND SELF-EMPLOYED PERSONS PART IV GENERAL DUTIES OF EMPLOYERS AND SELF-EMPLOYED PERSONS General duties of employers and self-employed persons to their employees 15. (1) It shall be the duty of every employer and every self-employed person to ensure, so far as is practicable, the safety, health and welfare at work of all his employees. (2) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), the matters to which the duty extends include in particular— (a) the provision and maintenance of plant and systems of work that are, so far as is practicable, safe and without risks to health; (b) the making of arrangements for ensuring, so far as is practicable, safety and absence of risks to health in connection with the use or operation, handling, storage and transport of plant and substances; (c) the provision of such information, instruction, training and supervision as is necessary to ensure, so far as is practicable, the safety and health at work of his employees; (d) so far as is practicable, as regards any place of work under the control of the employer or self-employed person, the maintenance of it in a condition that is safe and without risks to health and the provision and maintenance of the means of access to and egress from it that are safe and without such risks; (e) the provision and maintenance of a working environment for his employees that is, so far as is practicable, safe, without risks to health, and adequate as regards facilities for their welfare at work.
  3. 3. GENERAL DUTIES OF EMPLOYEES General duties of employees at work 24. (1) It shall be the duty of every employee while at work— (a) to take reasonable care for the safety and health of himself and of other persons who may be affected by his acts or omissions at work; (b) to co-operate with his employer or any other person in the discharge of any duty or requirement imposed on the employer or that other person by this Act or any regulation made thereunder; (c) to wear or use at all times any protective equipment or clothing provided by the employer for the purpose of preventing risks to his safety and health; and (d) to comply with any instruction or measure on occupational safety and health instituted by his employer or any other person by or under this Act or any regulation made thereunder. (2) A person who contravenes the provisions of this section shall be guilty of an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding one thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months or to both.
  4. 4. Basic Mandatory PPE
  5. 5. Additional PPE must be used based on task and the risk involved
  6. 6. Personal protection equipment  Always put on your safety helmet to avoid falling object.  Always put on your safety glasses to avoid chipped and flaying material.  Wear safety footwear to avoid injuries.  Wear ear protection when working in high noise environment.
  7. 7. Housekeeping & waste control  Housekeeping is the first rule of “Accident Prevention” and shall be the concern of every employee. Poor housekeeping may contribute to not only tripping. Slipping and falling accidents, but also fire accidents.  Basic housekeeping rules follow:  All rubbish shall be cleared from work site at least daily and work areas shall be maintained free from accumulation of debris.  Equipment, tools and material shall be kept clean and in order.
  8. 8.  Accumulation of rubbish, waste and useless materials contributes to fire hazards and shall be deposited in containers for removal.  Oily or dirty rags shall be kept in metal containers with lids.  All waste material must be segregated in Non- Hazardous material and Hazardous material.  Non hazardous waste – paper, wood, metal, plastic and other recycling waste.  Hazards waste will be controlled by management/ safety and will be transported by certified contractor to be designated disposal area. Housekeeping & waste control
  9. 9. Housekeeping & waste control
  10. 10. Housekeeping and arrangement 5S • Seiri - Sort – sisih.  Sort unwanted material at workplace and throw them. • Seiton - stabilize – susun.  Arrange materials evenly where it is easy to be taken for use. • Seiso – sweep – sapu.  Clean your workplace from any mote on the floor, machine and tools. • Seiketsu – standardize – seragam.  Preserve the standard of hygiene and arrangement of workplace at high level, at all times. • Shitsuke – sustain – sentiasa amal.  Train employees to obey the rules and arrangement of workplace to sustain the culture.
  11. 11. Housekeeping and arrangement 5S
  12. 12. PASSAGEWAYS  Passageways shall be kept free from obstruction and shall be well illuminated.
  13. 13. INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITIES  Use correct tools and equipment.  Store tools orderly in good condition.  Report any defects of equipment to your supervisors immediately.
  14. 14. Store tools orderly in good condition
  15. 15. Electricity at workplace  Electrical appliances shall be properly earthed, and cable to be free from any visible.  Use industrial connector at the source.  Electrical distribution box shall be equipped with Earth leakage Circuit breaker and Main Circuit Breaker. Distribution boards shall be kept locked at all times.  Cables lying across access areas shall be properly protected.  Use portable electrical tools with double insulation.
  16. 16. Electricity at workplace
  17. 17. Gas Cylinder Handling • Secure protective caps on all cylinders are not use. • Properly secure cylinders it n upright position during movement. • Do not sling or ropes for moving cylinders • all cylinders shall be properly labeled. • Do not strike cylinders together.
  18. 18. Gas Cylinder Handling  Use cylinders trolleys, material basket, cylinders rack and other proper type of equipment or transport cylinders.  use approved pressure-reducing regulators with a check valve connected to the cylinders valve on all cylinders.  Always close the cylinders valve before attempting to stop leaks.  Do not use oil or grease as a lubricant on valve or attachments.
  19. 19. Gas Cylinder Handling  Threads on fittings shall correspond to cylinders valve outlets.  Protect cylinders from direct flame, sunlight, and other heat source.  Inspect all gauge, regulator, hose and cylinders for damage and current hydro- test date.  Place flashback arrestors at co2/acetylene cylinders regulator.
  20. 20. Gas Cylinder Handling  Store cylinders in an upright and secure position, use bottle/ cylinders racks wherever possible.  Keep stored 02 cylinders separated from fuel gas cylinders by 20 feet or by 5 feet high, noncombustible barrier.  Keep cylinders from direct flame, sunlight and other heat sources.  Dot not store cylinders at temperature exceeding 54⁰c (130 ⁰F).  Properly identify empty and full cylinders.
  21. 21. Gas Cylinder Handling
  22. 22.  All cables and connections must be checked to ensure that they are in good condition, of adequate capacity and firmly attached.  The welding equipment and work piece must be properly earthed. The earthing of the equipment arrangements should always be checked by competent person.  Valve, piping, fittings, gauges and regulator used with oxygen cylinders must be completely free of grease.  Torches shall be equipped with flame arrester to minimize the possibility of flashback. Welding & cutting
  23. 23. Welding & cutting  Checking for gas leaked on valve, gauges, hoses, torches and all fittings and connections must be carried out by using soapy water.  Welding torched must be left unattended in an enclosed space when not in use such as during lunch breaks etc..  When in service, the cylinders must be secured in proper rack or cylinder carts. The cylinders must be kept upright with the valve at the top, this is compulsory for acetylene cylinders.
  24. 24. Welding & cutting
  25. 25. Chemical safety  Use appropriate PPE as set out in the relevant MSDS.  Do not smell or taste chemical or eat, drink, smoke, or chew gum in areas where chemical are present.  Wash hands thoroughly after handling chemical.  When mixing chemical, use proper lab equipment.  In case of eyes or skin contact, properly flush affected area with clean water for a prolonged period (15 minutes minimum) remove contaminated clothing and seek medical attention.  Promptly clean spills while wearing appropriate PPE and properly depose of all contaminated chemical.
  26. 26. MSDS sample
  27. 27. Storage chemicals  Indoor storage of flammable and combustible materials shall be in approved metal cabinet.  Users shall periodically examine chemicals containers for integrity.  Chemical storage shall be minimized. Storage on bench tops or at high levels is not recommended.  Incompatible chemicals shall not be stored near each other.  Toxic substance shall be segregated in well identified area with local exhaust ventilation.
  28. 28. Working at height – safe use of ladders and stepladders Top tips for ladder and stepladder safety Set up for leaning ladders:  The ladder must be inspected for cracked or split stiles, missing, broken, loose or damage rungs, and splinter before use. To facilitate inspection, ladder are to kept free from dirt and grease. Timber ladders must not be painted, but may be treated with a preservative that does not obscure defects.  Access ladders shall stand on firm and bases level at (keep) an angle of 75deg to horizontal, they shall be secured by their stiles to the platforms to which they give access to prevent movement.  Ladder shall project at least 1meter above the landing place, having one rung level with or slightly above the landing.  Ladder shall be place inside a scaffold wherever possible, and landing place shall be provided at vertical intervals of no more than 9meter.
  29. 29. Working at height – safe use of ladders and stepladders
  30. 30. Manual lifting 1. STOP and THINK . PLAN the LIFT  where is the load going to be place? Use appropriate handling aids if possible. Do you need help with the load? Remove obstructions such as discarded wrapping materials. For a long lift – such as floor to shoulder height- consider resting the load mid-way on a table or bench to change grip. 2. Place the feet.  Have the feet apart, giving a balanced and stable base lifting(tight skirts and unsuitable footwear make this difficult). Have the leading leg as far forward as is comfortable. 3. Get a firm grip.  Try to keep the arms within the boundary formed by the legs. The optimum position and nature of the grip depends on the circumstances and individual preference, but it must be secure. A hook grip is less fatiguing than keeping (using) the fingers straight. If it is necessary to vary the grip as the lift proceeds, do this as smoothly as possible.
  31. 31. 4. Don’t jerk.  Carry out the lifting movement smoothly, raising the chin as the lift begins, keeping control of the load. Don’t twist the trunk when turning to the side. 5. Keep close to the load.  Keep the load close to the trunk for as long as possible. Keep the heaviest side of the load next to the trunk. If a close approach to the load is not possible, try sliding it towards you before attempting to lift. 6. Put down, then adjust.  If precise positioning of the load is necessary, put it down first, then slide it into the desired position. Manual lifting
  32. 32. Manual lifting
  33. 33. Fire prevention  Install fire extinguisher near flammable liquids and workplace area.  Learn how to use fire extinguisher.
  34. 34. Thank you