ACTIONS Model (TV Broadcasting)AccessTelevision broadcasting meant for direct-to-home broadcast programming, provides amix of traditional radio and/or television broadcast programming with satellite-dedicatedprogramming. TV is depending in special broadcasting schedule for presenting TVprograms so learners cannot access the TV programs in any time because of this reason.Learner should know the TV programs schedule to get benefits from that programs andinstructors should also tell their students about the TV programs and its times. TV is notflexible well compared with other distance education technologies because it needsspecific time, good TV machine and access to various channels to receive the TV content.Also, it doesn’t support student control and self pace.CostTV broadcasting is very expensive because it needs expensive and advance equipment,professional human support and technical support, a lot of work and long time to captureand montage few minutes only in one TV program. It is very high cost compared withother technologies like printed materials and internet.Teaching and LearningThis kind of technology is used for group-based learning. TV program is aimed for largenumbers of students. Student by using this technology need to see the program and afterthat they need to contact with instructor for more explanation of any difficult points. Itincreases the motivation of the learner. It provides attractive audio and video to supportstudents learning. It increases students listening, speaking, focusing to important points,writing (taking notes) and visual analyzing skills. But it is not support the other basicskills like problem solving, critical thinking, communication, collaboration, motor andintellectual skills .It can’t be used only in distance education unless integration with othertechnologies and media to support TV environment like printed materials, telephone,internet to deliver supplemental materials support synchronous and a synchronouscommunication.
Interactivity and User-friendlinessTV supports only synchronous interaction because the learners have to see the programlively in one time. TV is very easy to use because the students are familiar with thistechnology so the learners can use it by themselves without any difficulties and interactwith the machine easily to receive the TV content.Organizational issuesTV broadcasting for distance education needs instructional developer and designer tomeet the needs of distance learners. It needs huge technical support and also professionalteam for TV production. The barriers of using this technology are need for huge technicaland human support, learner can’t interact with the content and learners are limited inspecific time of broadcasting TV programs. The change that organization should bemade to incorporate the technology is repeating broadcasting the program more than onetime to let all the learner see it and repeat it for more understanding of the content. Also,providing video-cassettes and two-way interactive television for the learners.NoveltyIt is not a new technology using to deliver instructional programs. The technicalcapabilities available in TV are different screen size with a very good resolution, highquality of pictures and audio.SpeedThe process of creating a program or a course in TV takes long time and needs a lot ofmoney and efforts. After producing the content it will be distributed to large numbers ofpeople it short time and easy way. In addition, the changing of the material can be donein shorter time than production new one by adding additional pictures, information orvideo in the original materials or edit and delete any things.