“DRAWING RESTRAINT (1987-present) is a significant and long-term project for Barney, in which he proposes art-making as parallel to athletic training: the development of form occurs through resistance. Begun while still a student at Yale, Barney was influenced by his background as an athlete and sought to foreground the physical body and its tensions in a studio practice. DRAWING RESTRAINT comprises drawings, sculpture, photographs and video works emerging from his self-imposed and increasingly complex obstacles and scenarios. Considered together, DRAWING RESTRAINT forms an ongoing proposition for the harnessing of one's impulses and drives into a desired output, artistic or otherwise. They demonstrate the underpinnings of Barney's work, in which the body plays a central role, and ritualistic processes of creation are explored through manifold materials, settings, and personas.” http://www.ago.net/matthew-barney-drawing-restraint
“In the 1950s, Tinguely produced a series of sculptures/ machines that produced their own art. He named this series Métamatics. The sculptures centred on a mechanical arm, with which the machine could draw pictures consisting of lines and dots. The viewer had the power to choose which drawing implement the machine used, giving the works a reflexive nature wherein the viewer was no longer passive but became a part of the performance. The Metamatics drew on ideas expressed in Tinguely’s earlier work, questioning the role of the machine in society and the interaction with technology.” https://theculturetrip.com/europe/switzerland/articles/the-art-of-destruction-jean-tinguely-and-dadaism/
A ‘drawing’ made out of actual pencils & then creating shadows too.
Varied approaches to drawing - what is drawing for?
Here are some examples to show
how drawing can be used to observe
particular qualities, explore, plan,
Drawing can be used in many ways.
The purpose of the drawing is likely
to influence the appearance of the
Study of Arms and
Hands. c. 1474.
Pen and Ink with
white chalk on
To study a specific thing
and capture a likeness
Vija Celmins was born in 1938 in Latvia. She
lives and works in New York. Celmins makes
painstaking drawings from photographs.
Nature is the subject of her
work, including skies, seas and
To record minute
To refine a composition
To learn how
To make technical
Paul Klee experimented with the
process of free drawing, playfully
The Prinzhorn Collection is a group of works gathered in the 1920s by the psychiatrist and art
historian Hans Prinzhorn. The collection includes drawings made by psychiatric patients who
suffered social exclusion, psychic illness, and isolation.
Writing can be
drawingTo express thoughts or emotions
To record memories
As a challenge or
1959Make a machine to
do the drawing
Add to existing work
to change the
To give instructions
RED, 5.5 km,
All my travels
To record a
Cai Guo-Qiang uses gunpowder
in his drawings His work is often
politically charged, and he used
gunpowder as a way to express
the supression he felt in
China’s social environment.
To explore different
waiting for the
wind, Grise fiord,
12 April 1989
Oil paint on
paper, 18 x 24
To organise ideas
To suggest different
ways of looking
What kind of drawings could you make
to develop your ideas or enquiry?