theory of cognitive development -jean piaget-

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theory of cognitive development -jean piaget-

  1. 1. KNOWLEDGE IS A PROCESS,NOT A THING TO BE POSSESSED -JEAN PIAGET
  2. 2. jean piaget O Born in Switzerland in 1896 O Died in Switzerland in 1980 O Published his first paper by age 10 O Had his Ph.D & published over 24 papers by age 21
  3. 3. theory of cognitive development
  4. 4. 4 stages of cognitive development
  5. 5. s e n s o r i m o t o r
  6. 6. Sensorimotor (0-2) O This stage is characterized by the absence of language. O This period is based primarily on immediate experience through the senses. O Object permanence &separation anxiety develops during this stage O Children at this stage are egocentric
  7. 7. 6 stages of development during sensorimotor
  8. 8. Stage 1. birth O Behavior is reflexive.
  9. 9. Stage 2. 1-4 months O Learning to control some aspects of behavior.
  10. 10. Stage 3. 4-8 months O Repeats behavior that are interesting.
  11. 11. Stage 4. 8-12 months O Goal directed behavior.
  12. 12. Stage 5. 12-18 months O Make use of trial and error to achieve desired end.
  13. 13. Stage 6. 18-24 months O Became a symbol user through language pretend play.
  14. 14. Preoperational stage
  15. 15. Preoperational stage (2-7 years old) O Children in this stage talks to stuffed toys, they will tell about imaginary friends and tell wild stories. O This is the age adults communicates with the children.
  16. 16. Concrete operational stage
  17. 17. Concrete operational (7-11 y.o) O At this stage the child’s thinking becomes more logical & systematic. O Children learns through abstract symbols. O The child cannot yet apply this logic to problems that are primarily hypothetical and verbal.
  18. 18. Formal operations
  19. 19. Formal operations (11-16y.o) O The individual comes to think at the level of adults when they are at their best. O They can attain logical, rational, abstract strategies. O Perspective thought or relativism are formed. O The process of reading development as compared to other stages is significantly different.

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