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Reported speech

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Reported speech

  1. 1. Indirect Speech(Reported Speech) vorbirea indirecta prezentare
  2. 2. Indirect Speech Vorbirea indirecta presupune repetarea a ceea ce s-a scris sau s-a spus intr-o comunicare. Se considera transformarile de pe slide-urile urmatoare doar atunci cand verbul de raportat este la un timp trecut. Atunci cand verbul este la prezent, timpurile din propozitiile care se raporteaza raman neschimbate.
  3. 3. Transformarivb. directa  vb. indirecta Present Simple  Past Simple Present Continuous  Past Continuous Past Simple Present Perfect Simple  Past Perfect Simple Past Perfect Simple Past Continuous Present Perfect  Past Perfect Continuous Continuous Past Perfect Continuous
  4. 4. Transformarivb. directa  vb. indirecta Will =>  Would Would =>  Would Shall =>  Should Should =>  Should Can =>  Could Could =>  Could May =>  Might Might =>  Might Must =>  Must
  5. 5. Transformarivb. directa  vb. indirectaHere ThereNow ThenToday That dayYesterday The day before/ the previous day2 days/ 3 years (etc.)ago 2 months/ 3 years (etc.) beforeLast month/ year etc. A (the) month/ year (etc.) before; The previous month/ yearTomorrow The next day/ the following dayNext year/summer etc. The next year/summer etc.
  6. 6. exemple Present Simple  Past Simple “I don’t want this book.”, he  He said he didn’t want that said book (don’t want => didn’t want) (this => that) Present Continuous Past Continuous “She’s working hard for this  I told my manager (that) she presentation”, I told my was working hard for that manager. presentation (is working => was working) (this => That)
  7. 7. exemple Past Simple  Past Perfect Simple “Tom gave up his job yesterday”, my  My brother informed me (that) Tom brother informed me. had given up his job the previous day. (gave up => had given up) (yesterday => the previous day) Present Perfect Simple  Past Perfect Simple “I have written a poem”, she  She exclaimed (that) she had written a exclaimed. poem. (have written => had written) Past Perfect Simple  Past Perfect Simple “I had forgotten my wallet”, he He explained he had forgotten his explained. wallet. (had forgotten had forgotten) => his) (my =>
  8. 8. exemple Past Continuous  Past Perfect Continuous “I was reading the book at this time  She said she had been reading the yesterday”,she said. newspaper at that time yesterday. (was reading => had been reading) (this => that) Present Perfect Continuous  Past Perfect Continuous “My mum has been calling you since  He told me his mum had been calling lunch time”, he told me. me since lunch time. (my => his) (has been calling => had been calling) (you => me) Past Perfect Continuous  Past Perfect Continuous “I had been repairing the car for one  He claimed he had been repairing the hour before your arrival”, he claimed. car for one hour before my arrival. (I => he) (had been repairing => had been repairing) (your => my)
  9. 9. exemple Will  Would “She will do it”, I exclaimed.  I exclaimed that she would do it.  Would Will  He said he would have finished “I will have finished by then”, he by then. said.  Would Would  He said (that) he would like a “I would like a piece of cake”, piece of cake. he said.  Should Should  He told me (that) I should take “You should take care”, he told care. me.
  10. 10. exemple Can  Could “My brother can swim”, she  She boasted her brother could boasted. swim. May  Might “You may go there”, I told my  I told my boy he might go there. boy.  Might Might  I said it might rain that night. “It might rain tonight”, I said.  Must Must  He told her she mustn’t eat that. “You musn’t eat that”, he told her.
  11. 11. Intrebari – atentie la ordinea cuvintelor!!!(din interogativ trece in afirmativ) “Why are you going  He asked why I was there?”, he asked. going there. “Where do you live?”,  She asked where I she asked. lived. “Has she been there?”,  My mum wondered if my mum wondered. she had been there. “Who are you?”, she  She asked him who he asked him. was.
  12. 12. Infinitive, exclamatii “Type these letters”, the  The boss told his secretary boss told his secretary. to type those letters. “Don’t go there!”, I told my  I told my boy not to go there. boy.  She exclaimed that the “What a nice morning!”, she morning was nice. exclaimed. “Congratulations!”, he told  He congratulated his wife. his wife. “Taxi!”, he shouted.  He called a taxi. “Merry Christmas!”, she told us.  She wished us Merry Christmas.

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