Educational Podcasting   teacher and expert voices as media interventions Andrew Middleton, Sheffield Hallam University Po...
Audio examples <ul><li>Apologies - I have removed the audio examples from this presentation as I don't have permission to ...
teachers and experts? <ul><li>This presentation accompanies a presentation on learner-generated podcasts </li></ul><ul><li...
A definition <ul><li>Educational  podcasting is the development of, </li></ul><ul><li>Locally shared knowledge through dis...
Design Principles of Educational Podcasting <ul><li>We need to be able to evaluate the ideas we hear in the next few minut...
Effective educational podcasts will usually present (1/2) <ul><li>Intention  and clarity of purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Spea...
Effective educational podcasts will usually present (2/2) <ul><li>A  hook  that engages each listener </li></ul><ul><li>Co...
Tutor ’ s voice  <ul><li>Recording  events (eg recorded lecture, summary audio notes) </li></ul><ul><li>Communicating  (eg...
Other voices: experts and publics <ul><li>Support services, Broadcasting and Commercial producers, Educational and Trainin...
Coursecasting <ul><li>Or, pouring knowledge into the empty vessel </li></ul><ul><li>e.g.  recording lectures </li></ul><ul...
Preview <ul><li>Key concepts introduced before class/lecture </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge and/or orientation before class/l...
Summary Conversations (Review) <ul><li>Tutor (team) post lecture/seminar/topic discussion, challenge, reflection discussio...
Module Personalisation (announcements) <ul><li>Tutor posts announcements to the VLE </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><...
Storytelling (evidence and anecdote) <ul><li>Establishing the tutor’s perspective through anecdote and evidence, raising a...
The Professional View <ul><li>Interviews with professionals </li></ul><ul><li>No physical barriers allow us to make strong...
Audio Feedback <ul><li>Many  approaches, e.g.  (Middleton, A. & Nortcliffe, A. (2009) Audio feedback design: principles an...
Concept notes <ul><li>Key concepts captured or constructed as reusable digital audio learning objects (DALO) </li></ul><ul...
Audio iIllustration <ul><li>Audio tour </li></ul><ul><li>Bringing the outside world in </li></ul><ul><li>Fly on the wall <...
Demonstration <ul><li>Procedures, e.g.: </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical (e.g. videocast learning object) </li></ul><ul><li>Oper...
Guidance <ul><li>Often made by support services staff, e.g. supporting: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>transition, </li></ul></ul><...
Summary of Benefits <ul><li>Access to voices (e.g. personalisation, empathy, trust) </li></ul><ul><li>Efficacy (simple, qu...
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Educational Podcasting: Teachers And Experts

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This presentation is from the Podcasting for Pedagogic Purposes Special Interest Group meeting held at Glasgow Caledonian University on 7th May 2009. It suggests some thoughts and examples for how podcasting produced or sourced by academics can be embedded into learner-centred practice

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Educational Podcasting: Teachers And Experts

  1. 1. Educational Podcasting teacher and expert voices as media interventions Andrew Middleton, Sheffield Hallam University Podcasting for Pedagogic Purposes SIG Glasgow Caledonian University, 7 th May 2009 These slides will be shared on: PPP wiki and slideshare.net
  2. 2. Audio examples <ul><li>Apologies - I have removed the audio examples from this presentation as I don't have permission to share them in this way. </li></ul><ul><li>Please contact me directly if you would like to hear examples and I'll see what I can do. </li></ul><ul><li>a.j.middleton AT shu.ac.uk </li></ul>
  3. 3. teachers and experts? <ul><li>This presentation accompanies a presentation on learner-generated podcasts </li></ul><ul><li>Caveats: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beyond iTunes U ..? – what can educational podcasting be? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational podcasting: taking a broad view </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and a Social Constructivist view: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Expertise is everywhere </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers are everywhere </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We are all learners, learners all have expertise, however … </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The focus here is a small selection of podcasting techniques that do not (primarily) feature the student learner’s voice </li></ul><ul><li>Media intervention – orientation, motivation and challenge </li></ul>
  4. 4. A definition <ul><li>Educational podcasting is the development of, </li></ul><ul><li>Locally shared knowledge through distributed, digital linear media, accessible to its community through flexible interfaces </li></ul><ul><li>(Podcasting in general might be defined as, the serial distribution, through a particular web-based channel, of locally created downloadable digital media episodes, usually audio, to a niche audience of subscribers) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Design Principles of Educational Podcasting <ul><li>We need to be able to evaluate the ideas we hear in the next few minutes, so: </li></ul><ul><li>1 minute activity: </li></ul><ul><li>What makes a good podcast? </li></ul><ul><li>(see next two slides for my ideas on this - and I'll type up the responses I received and put them on my blog at: </li></ul><ul><li>http://podcasting-for-lta.blogspot.com/) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Effective educational podcasts will usually present (1/2) <ul><li>Intention and clarity of purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Speakers whose role and level of expertise is properly introduced </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas and discussion that is relevant and well articulated </li></ul><ul><li>An awareness of the learning situation or context </li></ul><ul><li>Invitations and challenges, or 'ways in and ways out' , for the listener </li></ul><ul><li>References to, or acknowledgement of, related sources of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>
  7. 7. Effective educational podcasts will usually present (2/2) <ul><li>A hook that engages each listener </li></ul><ul><li>Conversational voices rather than formal monologues </li></ul><ul><li>Structured and well-signposted information, punctuated with music or audio transitions where appropriate </li></ul><ul><li>An awareness of the strengths and weaknesses of the audio medium </li></ul><ul><li>Information and ideas that are concise, well-paced and straightforward </li></ul><ul><li>Suitable clear production quality as appropriate for the intended audience. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Tutor ’ s voice <ul><li>Recording events (eg recorded lecture, summary audio notes) </li></ul><ul><li>Communicating (eg module announcements) </li></ul><ul><li>Motivating (eg tutor conversations, storytelling, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Describing (eg interviews with professionals, clients, public) </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrating (eg testimony, vox pop) </li></ul><ul><li>Forming (eg instructional; feedback) </li></ul><ul><li>Building (eg key skill development) </li></ul><ul><li>Modelling (eg behaviour, techniques) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Other voices: experts and publics <ul><li>Support services, Broadcasting and Commercial producers, Educational and Training Organisations, Professional & Other Organisations, teachers elsewhere, and tutors out of class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructing (eg learning objects) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describing (eg interviews with experts) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Updating (eg current affairs and developments) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marketing (eg product placement, initiatives) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reporting (eg findings, proposals) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conversing (eg criticism, review) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocating (eg political) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Various (eg learning objects) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Coursecasting <ul><li>Or, pouring knowledge into the empty vessel </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. recording lectures </li></ul><ul><li>(example not needed! Go to ITunes U ) </li></ul><ul><li>How does coursecasting measure against our design principles? </li></ul><ul><li>Supplementary and (often) not transformative pedagogy </li></ul><ul><li>Some benefits claimed: support revision; reduce note-taking, so better attention in class; potential reusability; marketing (e.g. iTunes U!); can free up time for more interactivity. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Preview <ul><li>Key concepts introduced before class/lecture </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge and/or orientation before class/lecture </li></ul>Module preview Lecture preview
  12. 12. Summary Conversations (Review) <ul><li>Tutor (team) post lecture/seminar/topic discussion, challenge, reflection discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Highlighting </li></ul><ul><li>Arguing or sharing perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Modelling synthesis and reflection </li></ul><ul><li>Supplementing </li></ul><ul><li>Updating </li></ul><ul><li>Connecting/bridging and feeding forward </li></ul>Lecturer discussion (UoS) Research methods discussion (Law, SHU)
  13. 13. Module Personalisation (announcements) <ul><li>Tutor posts announcements to the VLE </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the personal touch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile leaners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remote leaners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short, easy interventions that add texture to the VLE </li></ul></ul>Task announcement (June Clark, SHU)
  14. 14. Storytelling (evidence and anecdote) <ul><li>Establishing the tutor’s perspective through anecdote and evidence, raising authenticity by connecting theory to the outside world. </li></ul><ul><li>Storytelling may involve other captured voices </li></ul>Biggs suggests, &quot;[The strengths of the lecture] lie in communicating a) information and (b) the teacher's personal interpretations.” Biggs, J. 1999 'Enriching large-class teaching' in John Biggs (1999) Teaching for quality learning at university. Buckingham: Society for Research into Higher Education and Open University Press, p.97 A Permanent Holiday' Patent Voices http://www.patientvoices.org.uk/ (cc) nc-nd
  15. 15. The Professional View <ul><li>Interviews with professionals </li></ul><ul><li>No physical barriers allow us to make strong, meaningful connections to the outside world – the extended learning environment </li></ul>Radio producer (Journalism, SHU) Demos
  16. 16. Audio Feedback <ul><li>Many approaches, e.g. (Middleton, A. & Nortcliffe, A. (2009) Audio feedback design: principles and emerging practice. International Journal of Continuing Engineering Education and Life-long Learning, Special Issue, forthcoming) </li></ul><ul><li>'Personal tutor monologue' recorded at the PC by the tutor as part of the marking process; 'Personal feedback conversations,' recorded by the tutor or student(s) in the lab or studio to capture project discussions or studio 'crits'; 'Broadcast feedback' targeted at large groups; 'Peer audio feedback,' in which students learn as they assess each other's work; 'Tutor conversations', a 'common room conversation' approach designed to model critical thinking; and 'Personal audio interventions,' targeted at individuals to address emerging issues; ‘Peer Exchange’ corridor constructive crits with tutor support. </li></ul><ul><li>Generic stub + Personal (France, D. & Ribchester, C. (2008) 'Podcasts and feedback' in G. Salmon and P. Edirisingha (2008) Podcasting for learning in universities. Milton Keynes, UK: Open University Press) </li></ul>Generic, end of module (SHU) Peer Exchange model, corridor conversations (SHU) Personal tutor feedback (SHU)
  17. 17. Concept notes <ul><li>Key concepts captured or constructed as reusable digital audio learning objects (DALO) </li></ul><ul><li>Can be captured in lecture </li></ul><ul><li>Prepared beforehand </li></ul>Key skills in Art & Design (SHU) Audio learning object (Alan Hilliard, UoH)
  18. 18. Audio iIllustration <ul><li>Audio tour </li></ul><ul><li>Bringing the outside world in </li></ul><ul><li>Fly on the wall </li></ul><ul><li>Case-based learning </li></ul><ul><li>Data </li></ul>4 Weddings and a funeral Downes Syndrome (D. Stokes, Coventry University) Audio tour (Stuart Lee, Oxford University)
  19. 19. Demonstration <ul><li>Procedures, e.g.: </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical (e.g. videocast learning object) </li></ul><ul><li>Operational </li></ul><ul><li>Techniques (e.g. screencasting) </li></ul>Clinical practice series (Pollard & Jackson SHU) Blackboard support series (SHU)
  20. 20. Guidance <ul><li>Often made by support services staff, e.g. supporting: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>transition, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>disability, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>key skills, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>library, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>etc </li></ul></ul>Access and guidance/transition (SHU)
  21. 21. Summary of Benefits <ul><li>Access to voices (e.g. personalisation, empathy, trust) </li></ul><ul><li>Efficacy (simple, quick, high impact) </li></ul><ul><li>Authentic (real worldness, open-ended ) </li></ul><ul><li>Currency (e.g. immediate, up-to-date) </li></ul><ul><li>Social Constructivist (promoting conversation) </li></ul><ul><li>Engaging, varied, perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Varied diet – another learning channel </li></ul><ul><li>Orienting, motivating, challenging media interventions </li></ul>

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