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  1. 1. December 31st, 2013 Published by: successtar Fact Book by successtar. Kindly visit http:// getfact.blogspot.com for more. Loaded Facts By Osanyinpeju Hammed on August 2nd, 2013 26. Proportional to their weight, men are stronger than horses. 27. Pilgrims ate popcorn at the first Thanksgiving dinner. 28. Your nose and ears never stop growing. 29. Jupiter is bigger than all the other planets in our solar system combined. 30. Hot water is heavier than cold. 31. The parachute was invented by da Vinci in 1515. 32. Random facts for your enjoyment,kindly take your time to read through the loaded facts in the post and also share with your love ones. They have square watermelons in Japan. They stack better. 33. Cream does not weigh as much as milk. 34. Starfish have eight eyes-one at the end of each leg. 1. Coca-cola was originally green. 35. Iceland consumes more Coca-cola per capita than any other nation. 2. An Owl has three eye lids. 36. 3. Blueberry juice boosts memory. 4. An Oyster can change its gender. 5. Blue whale weighs as much as 1900 men. First novel ever written on a typewriter was "Tom Sawyer." 37. There are more collect calls on Father's Day than any other day of the year. 6. An average human scalp has 100,000 hairs. 38. Heinz Catsup leaving the bottle travels at 25 miles per year. 7. Virus can be found in all forms of life. 39. It is possible to lead a cow upstairs but not downstairs. 8. An Olive tree can live up to 1500 years. 40. Men get hiccups more often than women. 9. Bamboo can grow up to 3ft in 24 hours. 41. Armadillos can be housebroken. 10. Yuri Gagarin was the first person in space. 11. You can not find any fish in the Dead Sea. 12. Tomato is the world most popular fruit. 13. An Albertross can sleep while it flies. 14. cat urine can glow under the black light. 15. Rat can last longer than camel without water. 16. Violin contains about 70 seperate pieces of wood. 17. It is impossible to sneeze with your eyes opened. 18. Only one out of a thousand turtles survive after hacting. 19. The animal responsible for most human death is the mosquito. 42. In a normal life,a person's heart beats 2,000,000,000 times. 43. The maximum efficiency the motor car as achieve so far is 33%. 44. Some fishes can swim backwards and can live up to fifty years. 45. The only domestic animal not mentioned in the Bible is the Cat. 46. The only place you can find success before work is in the dictionary. 47. The energy generated from lightening can power a bulb for three months. 20. Polar bears are left-handed. 48. The sense of smell is about 10,000 times more than the sense of taste. 21. Intelligent people have more zinc and copper in their hair. 49. The Greatest problem nanotechnologists are facing is the size of our fingers. 22. Eskimos never gamble. 50. Dog's can't sweat! They don't have sweat gland,so they pant when they feel hot. 23. The world's youngest parents were 8 and 9 and lived in China in 1910. 24. The youngest pope was 11 years old. 25. Mark Twain didn't graduate from elementary school. 51. Only two words in the English language end with the letters "gry".Which are angry and hungry. 52. The human heart creates enough pressure while pumping and squirt blood as far as 30 feet away. Created using Zinepal. Go online to create your own eBooks in PDF, ePub, Kindle and Mobipocket formats. 1
  2. 2. December 31st, 2013 Published by: successtar 53. Wearing headphones for just an hour will increase the bacteria in your ear by 7000 times. 81. A Gibbon baby has a cap of fur on top of its head like human baby with the rest of the body completely bare. 54. "One thousand" contains the letter "A" but none of the words from "1" to "999" have an "A"! 82. Elephants can hold up to 1 gallon of (four liters) of water in their trunks,and can even pick a tiny pea with them. 55. A Cheetah can run up to 76 kilometer per hour while the fastest human run at 37 kilometer per hour. 83. When you consume chocolate,it releases a chemical into your body very similar to what you feel when you are in love. 56. In 1981,snow fell in in kalahari desert,Africa for the first time,dropping the temperature to -50c. 57. SURE and SUGAR are the only two words in English Language which is spelt 'su' but pronounce 'sh' 58. Every day more money is printed for Monopoly than for the US Treasury. 59. Smartest dogs: 1) border collie; 2)poodle; 3)golden retriever. 60. Dumbest dog: Afghan 84. The word queue is the only word in English language that is pronounced the same way when the last four letters is removed. 85. Palindrome is a word or sentence that reads the same forwards or backwards? e.g dad,mum,madam.nurses run,was it a cat i saw. 86. Percentage of American men who say they would marry the same woman if they had it to do all over again: 80% 61. Hawaiian alphabet has 12 letters. 87. % of American women who say they would marry the same man: 50% 62. Men can read smaller print than women; women can hear better. 88. % of men who say they are happier after their divorce or separation: 58% 63. Chances that an American lives within 50 miles of where they grew up: 1 in 2 89. % of women who say they are happier after their divorce or separation: 85% 64. Amount American Airlines saved in '87 by taking out 1 olive from each salad served in first class: $40,000 90. 65. City with the most Rolls Royce's per capita: Hong Kong 91. Cost of raising a medium-size dog to the age of eleven: $6,400 66. State with the highest percentage of people who walk to work: Alaska 92. 67. Chances of a white Christmas in New York: 1 in 4 68. Portion of US annual rainfall that falls in April: 1/12 69. Percentage of Africa that is wilderness: 28% 70. Percentage of North America that is wilderness: 38% Number of different family relationships for which Hallmark makes cards: 105 Average number of people airborne over the US any given hour: 61,000. 93. Percentage of Americans who have visited Disneyland or Disney World: 70% 94. Average life span of a major league baseball: 7 pitches. 95. Portion of ice cream sold that is vanilla: 1/3 71. Estimated % of American adults who go on diet each year: 44% 96. Portion of potatoes sold that are French fried: 1/3 72. Barbie's measurements if she were life size: 39-23-33 97. Percentage of Americans that eat at McDonald's each day: 7 73. Average number of days a West German goes without washing his underwear: 7 74. Percentage of Americans who say that God has spoken to them: 36% 75. Percentage of Americans who regularly attend religious services: 43% 76. City with highest per capita viewership of TV evangelists: Washington DC 77. "LITTLE BOY" was the name given to the atomic bomb that destroyed Hiroshima during the 2nd world war. 78. The longest war was the so called 100 year war between Britain and france which lasted for 116 years. 79. An electronic circuit without a resistor is like the circulatory system without veins and arteries. 80. The "sixth sick sheikh's sixth sheep's is sick" is the toughest tongue twister in the English Language. 98. Percentage of bird species that are monogamous: 90% 99. Percentage of mammal species that are: 3% 100. Number of US states that claim test scores in their elementary schools are above national average: 50% 101. Portion of Harvard students who graduate with honors: 4/5 102. Chances that a burglary in the US will be solved: 1 in 7. 103. Portion of land in the US owned by the government: 1/3 104. Only President to remain a bachelor: James Buchanon 105. Only first lady to carry a loaded revolver: Eleanor Roosevelt 106. Only President to win a Pulitzer: John F. Kennedy for "Profiles in Courage" 107. Only President awarded a patent: Abe Lincoln, for a system of buoying vessels over shoals Created using Zinepal. Go online to create your own eBooks in PDF, ePub, Kindle and Mobipocket formats. 2
  3. 3. December 31st, 2013 108. Only food that does not spoil: honey 109. Only person to win $64,000 Challenge and $64,000 Question: Dr. Joyce Brothers (subject is boxing) 110. Only bird that can fly backwards: Hummingbird Published by: successtar 10. smile because it makes you healthy. FUN TIME By Osanyinpeju Hammed on July 28th, 2013 111. Only continent without reptiles or snakes: Antarctica 112. Only animal besides human that can get sunburn: pig 113. Ostriches stick their heads in the sand to look for water. 114. An eagle can kill a young deer and fly away with it. 115. In the Caribbean there are oysters that can climb trees. 116. In 1 square inch of skin,there lie 4 yards of nerve fibres,1300 nerve cells,100 sweat glands,3 million cells and 3 yards of blood vessels. 117. Orb web spiders eat the old web before they spin new ones.A web may take an hour to spin but it is as strong as steel of the same thickness. 118. The left side of your body is controlled by the right side of your brain,while the right side is controlled by the left side of your brain. 119. The blue whale weighs more than 150,000 kilograms and is more than 30 metres(100ft) long which is as tall as five storey building.Also this whale 's weight is equals to the weight of 25 to 30 elephant.                 HAVE YOU EVER WONDERED • Why doesn't glue stick to its bottle ? • If Blue represents Love, why is valentine coated Red ? • What is pine in an apple that they call it pineapple ? • Why doesn't birds fall off trees when they sleep ? • Why is it called building,when it is already built ? • Why call it a Boxing Ring,when it is square ? • If a book about Failure sells,is it a Success ? The last and not the least is : It's not too late to be anything the choice is yours and don't forget to share this post. • Why does round pizza come in a square box ? 10 Reasons why you need to Smile ! • If money doesn't grow on trees,then why do banks have branches ? By Osanyinpeju Hammed on August 2nd, 2013 • "I love you" isn't a question,then why does it need an answer ? • If Horrific mean Horrible,does Terrific mean Terrible ? • Do infants enjoy Infancy as much as Adults enjoy adultery ? • Why the man who invests all your money is called a Broker ? • Though it supports Combustion yet it is called Inflammable,Why ? • If people from Poland are called Poles,why aren't people from Holland called Holes ?           Here are the 10 reasons why you need to smile, 1. smile because it's ambiguous. 2. smile because it's contagious. 3. smile because it's easier to do. 4. smile because it's friendly. 5. smile because it's loving. 6. smile because it's provocating. 7. smile because it's refreshing. 8. smile because it's voluntary. 9. smile because it's welcoming • Why are they called Apartments,when they are all stuck together ? • If CON is the opposite of opposite of PROGRESS ? PRO,is CONGRESS the • Why call it a Jerry can,when it isn't made of metal ? • If Olive Oil is gotten from Olive,where is Baby Oil gotten from ? • If you are not supposed to drink and drive,then why do bars have parking lots ? • Why is it called invaluables when it has more value to be worth and priced ? • Many say it's a man's world but how fair is the world ? Created using Zinepal. Go online to create your own eBooks in PDF, ePub, Kindle and Mobipocket formats. 3
  4. 4. December 31st, 2013 Published by: successtar • Where the majority of labourers are men yet the labour room is strictly for women ? • What is the use of a restroom where you cannot rest over the night or take a snap of 5 minutes ? • Why does birth and death comes once in life,but examination keeps on coming again and again ? • If Abraham Lincoln would love sleeping in a Lincoln Navigator and Gerald Ford would love to pass his night in a Ford Sedan.Where would George Bush love to pass his night ? As for me am wondering why all this is happening and i hope you are also feeling the same.Thanks for reading this and don't forget to share. FUNNY RIDDLES By Osanyinpeju Hammed on July 27th, 2013 • I live for laughter,I live for the crowd,Without it i am nothing.What am i ? a clown • No sooner spoken than broken.What is it ? a silence letter word stove,fire and smoke • When you are in your room and you are leaning against something that can be hard but mostly soft.You go to sleep and you are lying on this.When you get up you are still lying on this.What am i ? bed • It can get a clock but cannot tell time.It can get a bed bit cannot sleep.It can get shoes but doesn't have legs.It can get a book but cannot read.It has a face but cannot talk.It has a number but cannot count.What is it ? Money • You're stuck on a forked road on your way to California.You see two brothers.One of the brothers is a liar and the other only tells the truth.You can only ask both of them one question each.To get to your destination,which question would that be ? you would ask each of them:if you were your brother,which road would you take ? • A man was boasting one day at how long he could hold his breath under water.His record was 6 min,a kid that was listening said,I can stay under water for 10 minutes using no types of equipment.The man told the kid if he could do that he would give him 10,000.The kid did it and won the money.Can you figured out how ? the kid filled a glass of water a held it over his head for 10 minutes. Who can guess right,here we go; • What eight letter ? returns.What are the three ? contains only one an envelope • What is the difference between a new 20 dollar bill and an old one ? 19 dollars • Long and slinky,like a trout,never sings till it's guts comes out.What is it ? a gun So therefore in live don't always act as if you know everything because sometime things don't work in the right perspective as we would have thought.Hope you find this interesting and thanks for stopping by. HEALTH BENEFITS OF BANANA By Osanyinpeju Hammed on July 16th, 2013 • Tom tan got a tan he bought some tokens.How many t's are in that ? 2 t's are in that • If you put blue-coloured wood in green-coloured water,What will happen ? it will get wet • i am seen at night but not at daylight.I have a long tail.My life is short but brighter as a flashlight in the dark,What am i ? shooting star • How do you throw a ball so that it goes a short distance,stops then goes the other way ? It can't hit anything and it is not a boomerang ball ? you throw it up • I give you a group of three.One is sitting down and will never get up.The second eats as much as is given to him yet is always hungry.The third goes away and never Banana are high energy and nutritional rich fruits that comes in special arrangement in safety package.It is one of the most common fruit in the world as it is always available all round the year, due to it;'s large cultivation in the tropical and subtropical zones.Banana is also one of the cheapest fruits available yet highly rich in fructose,sucrose,glucose and fiber Created using Zinepal. Go online to create your own eBooks in PDF, ePub, Kindle and Mobipocket formats. 4
  5. 5. December 31st, 2013 which makes makes an instant,sustained and substantial boost of energy. What are the most beneficial and crucial importance of banana to mankind?here we go and i hope after reading this you would now realize while it is important for you to eat banana. The fruit contains a good amount of soluble dietary fiber (7% of DRA per 100g) that helps normal bowel movements,thereby reducing constipation problems. High carbohydrate foods that are favourite with athlete are pasta,bread rolls,steamed rice,mashed potato and fruit.So what is the favourite fruit of athletes? It has to be the banana.They are so easy to eat,rich in carbohydrate . and help the athlete who always ate a banana before an event because the first time he did this he did a personal best time.Sometimes a banana's power goes beyond its nutritional benefits. Banana fruit is one of the high calorie tropical fruits.100g fruit provides 90 calories.Besides,it contains good amounts of health benefiting anti-oxidants,minerals and vitamins. The fruit pulp is composed of soft,easily digestible flesh with simple sugars like fructose and sucrose that when eaten replenishes energy and revitalizes the body instantly;thus,for these qualities,bananas are being used by athletes to get instant energy and as supplement food in the treatment plan for underweight children. It is also a very good source of vitaminB6 (pyridoxine),provides about 28% of daily-recommended allowance.Pyridoxine is an important B-complex vitamin that has a beneficial role for the treatment of neurites and anemia.Further more, it helps decrease homocystine (one of the causative factors in coronary artery disease (CHD) and stroke episodes) levels with in the body. The fruit is an also moderate source of vitamin-C (about 8.7 mg per 100g).Consumption of foods rich in vitaminC helps the body develop resistance against infectious agents and scavenge harmful oxygen-radicals. Fresh banana is a highly rich source of potassium,100g fruit provides 358mg potassium.Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps control heart rate and blood pressure,countering bad effects of sodium. Also fresh bananas provide adequate levels of minerals like copper,magnesium and manganese .Magnesium is essential for bone strengthening and has a cardiac-protective role as well.Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme,superoxide dismutase.Copper is required in the production of red blood cells. So what are the interesting and beneficial fact about banana ? It has been proving scientifically that two banana provide enough energy for a strenuous 90-minutes workout due to high content of fibers,no wonder is the number fruits recommended for athlete fruit.Apart from energy source are also useful in the following fields; Published by: successtar DEPRESSION : According to a recent survey undertaken by MIND among people suffering from depression,many felt much well after eating a banana.This is because bananas contain tryptophan,a type of protein that the body converts into serotonin,known to make you relax, improve your mood and generally make you feel happier. BLOOD PRESSURE : This unique tropical fruit is extremely high in potassium yet low in salt,making it perfect to beat blood pressure so much so,the US Food and Drug Administration has just allowed the banana industry to make official claims for the fruit's ability to reduce the risk of blood pressure and stroke. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) : Don't bother about the pills you only need to eat a banana.The vitamin B6 it contains regulates blood glucose levels,which can affect your mood. ANEMIA : High rich in iron,bananas can stimulate the production of heamoglobin in the blood and also helps in cease of anemia. IQ BOOSTER : 200 students at a Twickenham school (England) were helped through their exams this year by eating bananas at breakfast,break and lunch in a bid to boost their brain power.Research has shown that the potassium-packed fruit can assist learning by making pupils more alert. HANGOVERS ; One of the fastest way to relieve a hangover is to make a banana milk shake,sweetened with honey.The banana calms the stomach and with the aid of the honey,builds up depleted blood sugar levels,while the milk soothers and rehydrates your system. CONSTIPATION : High rich in fiber,including bananas in the diet can helping to overcome the problem without resorting to laxatives. HEARTBURN : Bananas have a natural antacid effect in the body,so if you suffer from heartburn,try taking banana for soothing relief. MORNING SICKNESS : Snacking on bananas between meals helps to keep blood sugar levels up and avoid morning sickness. MOSQUITO BITES : This would sound strange but before reaching for the insect bite cream, try rubbing the affected area with the inside of a banana skin.Most people found it amazingly successful at reducing swelling and irritation. I hope by now would have realize that there are more benefit in taking banana than we can imagine,therefore go for your banana to get the best of nutritional value. THE HUMAN BLOOD By Osanyinpeju Hammed on July 11th, 2013 Created using Zinepal. Go online to create your own eBooks in PDF, ePub, Kindle and Mobipocket formats. 5
  6. 6. December 31st, 2013 How much do you know about your blood? Here is where you will get all the information you need about the human blood,let's go and see. • Two million red blood cells die every second. • There are approximately 100,000 miles of blood vessels in the human body. • Seven percent of a humans body weight is made up of blood. • In the early nineteenth century some advertisements claimed that riding the carousel was good for the circulation of blood. • Each day 400 gallons of recycled blood are pumped through the kidneys. • By donating just one pint of blood, four lives can be saved. • Blood is such a good stain that Native Americans used it for paint. • The kidneys filter over 400 gallons of blood each day. • The average life span of a single red blood cell is 120 days. • Blood accounts for about 8% of a human's body weight. • A woman has approximately 4.5 liters of blood in her body, while men have 5.6 liters. • Your blood takes a very long trip through your body. If you could stretch out all of a human's blood vessels,they would be about 60,000 miles long. That's enough to go around the world twice. • Half your body’s red blood cells are replaced every seven days. • If all the blood vessels in your body were laid end to end, they would reach about 60,000 miles. Now i think you would have learn something new about your blood,so value your blood because it is too precious to take for granted. TIPS ON HOW TO GET RID OF YOUR PIMPLES By Osanyinpeju Hammed on July 16th, 2013 Published by: successtar oil such as small clothing,tension and hormonal changes. It is simply one form of acne.Most of the time they are pretty small,but they can get big and that is definitely not good and you need to use the whole pimples erasing secrets system to get rid of them and keep them away.A lot of people find tips here and there but if you don't have a system that gets rid of your pimples and changes the cellular structure and environment of your skin, your pimples is going to keep coming back and you don't want that to happen. Lots of people suffer from outbreaks of acne.If you are one of these people,you might be asking yourself,What can i do to get rid of pimples? The answer to getting rid of pimples sometimes lies in what causes them.Most people believe eating greasy foods will lead to acne.This is true in the sense that the grease can form on the surface of the skin and clog pores.When looking for tips to get rid of pimples,one of the most useful tips is to thoroughly cleanse the face everyday.Not only can grease from foods build up on the surface of the skin,but so can pollution and smoke.Below are some beneficial ways to get rid of acne,mostly pimples. Diets : If you are asking yourself how can i get rid of my acne when it is not caused by hormonal changes,the answer could be to change your diet.Eliminating greasy, fatty foods and eating more fresh foods and vegetables could help your complexion.Drinking plenty of water will also help flush toxins out of your body. Meditation : Those people who eat a healthy diet and still end up with outbreaks of acne,the cause could be due to stress and anxiety.If you are wondering how you can get rid of your acne when you already eat healthy food and wash your skin properly,the answer could be in learning some techniques to reduce stress and anxiety.Meditation works well for reducing these conditions . Techniques used to help relax the mind and body includes taking a hot bath with scented oils. Cinnamon : The ultra-best plant to get rid of acne is ginger.Cinnamon has become the most useful herb or spice that have run into.It includes huge amount of anti-inflamed components which make it so effective in treating acne.Their anti-inflamed components also reduce inflammation and swelling caused by acne.Apart from that,cinnamon can also be regarded as among the most useful natural medicines.It is capable of destroying acne producing bacteria within your body.You can also have an improved hormone and immune system. Honey : Apply mixture of honey and cinnamon paste on your face before you sleep in the night and wash it away in the next morning.Do this daily for at least two weeks and your pimples will be removed totally from the root. Aloe Vera : Aloe vera can also be an extremely efficient way to enhance your acne situation. Apply aloe vera on your face daily and keep if for at least fifteen minutes.It will provide your skin necessary vitamins.Use aloe vera once each morning and once before going to sleep,if possible.The great thing about aloe vera is that it increases the therapeutic procedure of the skin and fixes scars caused by acne. Acne is a popularly known skin disease caused by an excessive amount of oil in the body.Oil acts as a natural lubricant for your skin pores which causes acne.There are quite a few reasons that might causes excessive amount of Created using Zinepal. Go online to create your own eBooks in PDF, ePub, Kindle and Mobipocket formats. 6
  7. 7. December 31st, 2013 Published by: successtar • • If you could drive to the sun at 55mph,it would take about 193 years to complete the journey. • It takes 70% less energy to produce a ton of paper from recycled than from trees. • Hawaii is moving toward Japan 4 inches every year. • The tallest man made structure in the World is Burj Khalifa in Dubai. • Google comes from the word 'googol' which denotes the number 'one followed by a hundred zeros! The creator made a spelling mistake which turned out to be the Worlds biggest mistake!. • A 'teraflop' sounds like a useless horror film.It's actually a term that means a trillion calculations a second-used to measure computer power!!!. • THE WORLD There is enough fuel in a full jumbo jet to drive an average car four times around the World. • Remember that it is not advisable to squeeze or pinch a pimples to get rid of it because you are only promoting more of the acne.By squeezing the infected pore,you could cause a larger infection.The emptied pore could also heal in a manner which leaves a pock mark..So make use of the tips and get away those pimples on your face,because it does not add any value to you. Flying from London to New York by Concord,due to the time zone crossed,you can arrive 2 hours earlier before you live. On the day that Alexander Graham Bell was buried the entire US telephone was shut down for 1 min in tribute. • The largest employer in the world is the Indian railway system in India, employing over 1.7 million people. • Istanbul, Turkey is the only city in the world located on two continents. • There are six million parts in the Boeing 747-400. • Japanese research has concluded that moderate drinking can boost IQ levels. • The reason why hair turns gray as we age is because the pigment cells in the hair follicle start to die, which is responsible for producing "melanin" which gives the hair colour.Giraffes and humans have the same number of neck bones. By Osanyinpeju Hammed on July 7th, 2013 In stock are lots of exciting rare and fascinating world fact that are part of our been but we don't notice them yet they are actually happening but we are too busy in life to notice them.If not for facts who can tell that as big the world is,the 4th most wanted material item is music it's rare but that is the fact for you.Enjoy lots more amazing and interesting facts of the world as you read on. • The National Anthem of Greece has 158 verses, No one in Greece has memorised all the 158 verses. • Annually you will shake hands with 6 men who have recently masturbated and did not wash their hands. • If a cockroach touches a human,it runs to safety and cleans itself. • • 99% of people backspace password when they just miss up one letter. Marilyn Monroe had an IQ of 168, higher than Albert Einstein, • • There are 84 people in the U.S.A named "Lol". Intelligent people have more zincand copper in their hair. • Tomato is the world most popular fruit. • • Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the World. Earth has 8.7 million species, and only 14% have been identified. • Music = 4th most wanted material item by people. • People confess true emotions while having late night text conversations. • Drinking orange juice reduces your risk of having cancer. 2011. • A Brazilian inventor has invented a car that runs on urine! It uses 2 litres of urine per kilometre. Do you now realize that their are more exciting things in this same world that we live in.That is fact for you. • The longest war was the so called100 year war between Britain and France.It lasted for 116 years and ended in 1453. • • The United States consumes 25% of all the World's energy. Not only does 12 + 1 = 11 + 2,but the letters "12 + 1" can be rearrange to give you "11 + 1" Facebook played part in 20% of divorces filled in • • • The tallest ever tree was an Australia eucalyptus with 435ft measured in 1872. Created using Zinepal. Go online to create your own eBooks in PDF, ePub, Kindle and Mobipocket formats. 7
  8. 8. December 31st, 2013 • The word queue is the only word in English Language that is pronounced the same way when the last four letters are removed. • The "Sixth sick sheikh's sixth sheep's sick" is the toughest tongue twister in the English language. • A palindrome is a word or sentence that reads the same forwards or backwards e.g dad,mum,nurses run,wasitacatisaw. • The only domestic animal not mentioned in the Bible is the cat. • SURE and SUGAR are the only two words in English which are spelt 'su' but pronounced 'sh' • Only two words in English language end with the letters 'gry',which are angry and hungry. In conclusion the only place you find success before work is in the dictionary. THE HUMAN BRAIN By Osanyinpeju Hammed on July 11th, 2013 The human brain has an estimated storage capacity of 256 exabytes (or 256 billion gigs), the equivalent of 1.2 billion average PC hard drives, enough CDs to make a stack which would reach beyond the moon and 15 libraries for every person on the planet. The brain is the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals—only a few invertebrates such as sponges, jellyfish, adult sea squirts and starfish do not have one, even if diffuse neural tissue is present. It is located in the head, usually close to the primary sensory organs for such senses as vision, hearing, balance, taste, and smell. The brain of a vertebrate is the most complex organ of its body. In a typical human the cerebral cortex (the largest part) is estimated to contain 15–33 billion neurons,[1] each connected by synapses to several thousand other neurons. These neurons communicate with one another by means of long protoplasmic fibers called axons, which carry trains of signal pulses called action potentials to distant parts of the brain or body targeting specific recipient cells.Physiologically, the function of the brain is to exert centralized control over the other organs of the body. The brain acts on the rest of the body both by generating patterns of muscle activity and by driving secretion of chemicals called hormones. This centralized control allows rapid and coordinated responses to changes in the environment. Some basic types of responsiveness such as reflexes can be mediated by the spinal cord or peripheral Published by: successtar ganglia, but sophisticated purposeful control of behavior based on complex sensory inputrequires the informationintegrating capabilities of a centralized brain. From a philosophical point of view, what makes the brain special in comparison to other organs is that it forms the physical structure that generates the mind. As Hippocrates put it: "Men ought to know that from nothing else but the brain come joys, delights, laughter and sports, and sorrows, griefs, despondency, and lamentations."[2] Through much of history, the mind was thought to be separate from the brain. Even for present-day neuroscience, the mechanisms by which brain activity gives rise to consciousness and thought remain very challenging to understand: despite rapid scientific progress, much about how the brain works remains a mystery. The operations of individual brain cells are now understood in considerable detail, but the way they cooperate in ensembles of millions has been very difficult to decipher. The most promisingapproaches treat the brain as a biological computer, very different in mechanism from electronic computers, but similar in the sense that it acquires information from the surrounding world, stores it, and processes it in a variety of ways. This article compares the properties of brains across the entire range of animal species, with the greatest attention to vertebrates. It deals with the human brain in so far as it shares the properties of other brains. The ways in which the human brain differs from other brains are covered in the human brain article. Several topics that might be covered here are instead covered there because much more can be said about them in a human context. The most important is brain disease and the effects of brain damage, covered in the human brain article because the most common diseases of the human brain either do not show up in other species, or else manifest themselves in different ways. Among the changes that occur in the body when children hit puberty, there is a slightly reduced communication time between neurons. "If you don't get rid of the noise or less useful information, it is a problem," said Tsien. While each neuron averages 3,000 synapses, their continuous exposure to large quantities of information and experiences demands that the brain erase some of the old information to make room for new. This is probably why we lose the ability to speak a foreign language perfectly after the onset of sexual maturity. The body is made up of billions of cells. In the nervous system these cells are called neurons. They are specialized to carry mess ages to the brain, and they connect to ot her neurons through branch - like structures called dendrites.Every time you learn something new-a new word, how to ride a bike or play the flute-your neurons develop new connections to other neurons. In fact, your brain eventually will form trillions of connections-that's more connections than there are stars in the entire universe! Created using Zinepal. Go online to create your own eBooks in PDF, ePub, Kindle and Mobipocket formats. 8
  9. 9. December 31st, 2013 AWESOME TIPS FOR BEAUTIFUL LIFE By Osanyinpeju Hammed on July 6th, 2013 Life is too short to be anything,live your life to the fullest because their is no second chance for life.Here are awesome tips for your beautiful life. Published by: successtar 21. Your job won’t take care of you when you are sick. Your friends will. Stay in touch. 22. Envy is a waste of time. You already have all you need. 23. Remember that you are too blessed to be stressed. 1. Take a 10-30 minute walk every day. & while you walk, SMILE.It is the ultimate antidepressant. 2. Sit in silence for at least 10 minutes each day. 3. When you wake up in the morning, Pray to ask God’s guidance for your purpose, today. 4. Eat more foods that grow on trees and plants and eat less food that is manufactured in plants. 5. Drink green tea and plenty of water. Eat blueberries, broccoli, and almonds. 6. Try to make at least three people smile each day. 7. Don’t waste your precious energy on gossip, energy vampires, issues of the past,negative thoughts or things you cannot control.Instead invest your energy in the positive present moment. 8. Eat breakfast like a king, lunch like a prince and dinner like a college kid with a maxed out charge card. 9. Life isn’t fair, but it’s still good. 10. Life is too short to waste time hating anyone. Forgive them for everything ! 11. Don’t take yourself so seriously. No one else does. 12. You don’t have to win every argument. Agree to disagree. 13. Make peace with your past so it won’t spoil the present. 14. Don’t compare your life to others. You have no idea what their journey is all about. 15. No one is in charge of your happiness except you. 16. Frame every so-called disaster with these words: ‘In five years,will this matter?’ 17. Help the needy, Be generous ! Be a ‘Giver’ not a ‘Taker’ 18. What other people think of you is none of your business. 19. Time heals everything. 20. However good or bad a situation is, it will change. HUMAN ULCER By Osanyinpeju Hammed on July 6th, 2013                             Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment ! Ulcerative colitis is a disease that causes inflammation and sores (ulcers) in the lining of the large intestine (colon ). It usually affects the lower section (sigmoid colon) and the rectum. But it can affect the entire colon. In general, the more of the colon that is affected, the worse the symptoms will be. The disease can affect people of any age. But most people who have it are diagnosed before the age of 30. What are the causes of ulcerative Colitis? Experts aren’t sure what causes it. They think it might be caused by the immune system overreacting to normal bacteria in the digestive tract. Or other kinds of bacteria and viruses may cause it. You are more likely to get ulcerative colitis if other people in your family have it. Symptoms are: 1. Belly pain or cramps. 2. Diarrhea. 3. Bleeding from the rectum. 4. Some people also may have a fever, may not feel hungry and may lose weight. In severe cases, people may have diarrhea 10 to 20 times a day. 5. The disease can also cause other problems, such as joint pain, eye problems, or liver disease. In most people, the symptoms come and go. Some people go for months or years without symptoms (remission). Then they will have a flare-up. About 5 to 10 out of 100 people with ulcerative colitis have symptoms all the time. How Is Ulcerative Colitis Diagnosed? Doctors ask about the symptoms, do a physical exam, and do a number of tests. Testing can help the doctor rule out other Created using Zinepal. Go online to create your own eBooks in PDF, ePub, Kindle and Mobipocket formats. 9
  10. 10. December 31st, 2013 problems that can cause similar symptoms, such as Crohn’s disease, irritable bowel syndrome, and diverticulitis. How Is It Treated? Ulcerative colitis affects everyone differently. Your doctor will help you find treatments that reduce your symptoms and help you avoid new flare-ups. If your symptoms are mild, you may only need to use overthe-counter medicines for diarrhea (such as Imodium). Talk to your doctor before you take these medicines. Many people need prescription medicines, such as aminosalicylates, steroid medicines, or other medicines that reduce the body’s immune response. These medicines can stop or reduce symptoms and prevent flare-ups. Published by: successtar Ecuador, Colombia andPeru, at an elevation of between 1,000 and 2,000 meters above sea level, but there are a few lucky collectors who have managed to grow it in “captivity”. The Monkey orchid is not season specific, and in its natural habitat it can flower at any time. As if its striking resemblance to a monkey’s face wasn’t astounding enough, this flower actually smells a lot like a ripe orange, as well. Which is kind of ironic, because with a face like that you’d expect it to smell like bananas, right? Organisms are so diverse that some plant would have resemblance of an animal and vice versa,sometimes having both animal and plant features such as euglena that has both animal and plant properties. With this article i hope any time you come across this specie again you would not mistaken it for a monkey. HUMAN BODY FACTS By Osanyinpeju Hammed on June 29th, 2013 There are lots of amazing and strange fact about human body some of which are listed below; MONKEY ORCHID By Osanyinpeju Hammed on June 29th, 2013 • Everyone's tongue print is different. • Only humans sleep on their backs. • The human brain is 80% water. • Human tapeworms can grow up to 22.9m. • • BRAIN is the only organ of the body that has no sensation when cut. • Their are 60,000 miles of blood vessels in human body. • Who can guess what the image above is?If you are seeing this for the first time their is 99. 9% assurance that you would be wrong.Come to think of it by mere looking at it an average human will think of it as been a monkey or a baby monkey that's not very hard to guess how the Monkey Orchid got its name, but ever since photos of it started circulating on the internet about a year ago, people have had a hard time believing such a flower actually exists. As photoshoped as it may look, the Monkey Orchid actually exists, and yes, it really does match the grinning face of a very small monkey. The scientific name of this very rare flower is Dracula simia, with the first part hinting at the resemblance between its two long spurs to the fangs of Bram Stoker’s famous vampire count, and the second meaning “monkey” in Latin. It only grows in the mountainous regions of The two highest IQ scores ever recorded belonged to women. More germs are transferred shaking hands than kissing. • For a very short period of time,you were the youngest person in the World. • A corded telephone uses less electricity than there is inside human body. • The Ebola virus kills 4 out of every 5 humans it infects. • An individual blood cell takes about 60 seconds to complete a circuit of the body. • Wounds infested with maggots heal quickly and without spread of gangrene or other infection. • Men have nipples because,as an embryo,everyone is a female until the Y chromosome kicks in. Created using Zinepal. Go online to create your own eBooks in PDF, ePub, Kindle and Mobipocket formats. 10
  11. 11. December 31st, 2013 Published by: successtar • The longest living cell in the body are brain cells which can live an entire life. • It takes approximately 12 hours for food to entirely digest. • The heaviest human brain ever recorded weighed 5 lb.1.1 oz (2.3 kg). • Human jaw muscles can generate a force of 200 pounds (90.8kg) on the molars. • The muscles of a locust are about 1000 times powerful than an equal weight of human muscle. • • By raising your legs slowly and laying on your back,you can't sink in quicksand. 40 to 50 percent of the body heat can be lost through the head (no hat) as a result of its extensive circulatory system. • There are 206 bones in the adult human body and there are 300 in children (as they grow some of the fuse together). • The average person falls asleep in seven minutes. • It's impossible to sneeze with your eyes open. • Our eyes are always the same size from birth,but our nose and ears never stop growing. • In your life time you'll shed over 40 pounds of skin. • Every minutes,30-40,000 dead skin cells fall from your body. • 15 million blood cells are produced and destroyed in the human body every second. • The human body has enough fat to produce 7 bars of soap. • Muscles in the human body (640 in total) make up about half of the body weight. • The best way to tell if you have a bad breath is to lick your wrist,let your saliva dry and smell it. • Muscles are made up of bundles from about 5 in the eyelid to about 200 in the buttock muscle. If all the blood vessels in your body were laid end to end, they would reach about 60,000miles. • Abraham Lincoln probably had a medical condition called Marfans syndrome. Some of its symptoms are extremely long bones, curved spine, an arm span that is longer than the persons height, eye problems, heart problems and very little fat. It is a rare, inherited condition. If your mouth was completely dry,you would not be able to distinguish the taste of anything. • • The brain uses more than 25% of the Oxygen used by the human body. •                   MORE  FACTS ABOUT THE HUMAN BODY Can you feel the pulse in your wrist? For humans the normal pulse is 70 heartbeats per minute. Elephants have a slower pulse of 27 and for a canary it is 1000! • • Most people blink about 17,000 times a day. There are more living organisms on the skin of a single human being than there are human being on the surface of the Earth. • The human head is a quarter of our total length at birth,but only an eight of our length by the time we reach adulthood. • As an adult,you have more than 20 square feet of skin on your body--about the same square footage as a blanket for a queen-sized bed. • The molecular structure of DNA was first determined by Watson and Click in 1953,but first discover by Swiss Friedrich Mieschler in 1869. • The smallest bone in the human body is the stirrup bone located in the middle ear,It is approximately 0.11 inches (0.28 cm) long. • The longest cells in the human body are the motor neurons.They can be up to 4.5 ft (1.37m) long and run from the lower spinal cord to the big toe. In one day your heart beats 100,000 times. • Half your body’s red blood cells are replaced every seven days. • By the time you are 70 you will have easily drunk over 12,000 gallons of water. • Coughing can cause air to move through your windpipe faster than the speed of sound – over a thousand feet per second! • Germs only cause disease, right? But a common bacterium, E. Coli, found in the intestine helps us digest green vegetables and beans (also making gases – pew!). • These same bacteria also make vitamin K, which causes • blood to clot. If we didn’t have these germs we would bleed to death whenever we got a small cut! • It takes more muscles to frown than it does to smile. • That dust on rugs and your furniture is not only dirt. It’s mostly made of dead skin cells. Everybody loses millions of skin cells every day which fall on the floor and get kicked up to land on all the surfaces in a room. You could say, “That’s me all over.” • It takes food seven seconds to go from the mouth to the stomach via the esophagus. The first synthetic human chromosome was constructed by US scientists in 1997. • • • A human’s small intestine is 6 meters long. • The human body is 75% water. • Your blood takes a very long trip through your body. If you could stretch out all of a human’s blood vessels,they would be about 60,000 miles long. That’s enough to go around the world twice. Created using Zinepal. Go online to create your own eBooks in PDF, ePub, Kindle and Mobipocket formats. 11
  12. 12. December 31st, 2013 • The strongest bone in your body is the femur (thighbone), and it’s hollow!l • The width of your armspan stretched out is the length of your whole body. • The average human dream lasts only 2 to 3 seconds. • The average American over fifty will have spent 5 years waiting in lines. • The farthest you can see with the naked eye is 2.4 million light years away! (140,000,000,000,000,000,000miles.) That’s the distance to the giant Andromeda Galaxy. You can see it easily as a dim, large gray “cloud” almost directly overhead in a clear night sky. • The average person has at least seven dreams a night. • Your brain is move active and thinks more at night than during the day. • Your brain is 80% water. • 85% of the population can curl their tongue into a tube. • Your tongue has 3,000 taste buds. • Your forearm (from inside of elbow to inside of wrist) is the same length as your foot. • A sneeze travels at over 100 miles per hour. Gesundheit! • • • • Your thigh bone is stronger than concrete. Your fingernails grow almost four times as fast as your toenails. You blink your eyes over 10,000,000 a year. There were about 300 bones in your body when you were born, but by the time you reach adulthood you only have 206. • The smallest bones in the human body are in your ear! Your mouth uses 75 muscles when you speak! • When you wake up in the morning you are at taller than when you go to sleep, because you have let your spine straighten back out after all the bending, sitting, and moving you have done! • It is impossible to sneeze with your eyes open. • The average growth of hair is half an inch per month. • If hair remains uncut, it can grow up to 5 feet long. • Your tongue, eye, and jaw muscles are among the strongest muscles in your body.                Inner structure Are you aware of your inner structure ? There are billions of actions going on in your inner body as you are reading this.All the actions doing fine in a right proportion,which is the reason for your still been alive and active till this moment.Follow me as i take you round about your inner structure. Squirting high: The human heart is pumping with enormous pressure, capable of squirting blood up to 9 meters high. No wonder you can feel your heartbeats. It never stops and sends Published by: successtar blood against gravity up to the head, and at the same time down to the rest of your body parts. 100,000km: The length of your blood vessels is about 100,000km. To understand this distance – the circumference of earth is about 40,000km. The distance between the earth the moon is about 300,000km. So if we take the blood vessels of 3 people, and connect them edge to edge – we could easily step where Neil Armstrong did. Women’s heart beat faster than men’s: The main reason for this is that women’s hearts tends to be a bit small than men’s, but needs to pump the same amount of blood to the body parts, in the same amount of time. The left lung is smaller than the right: This is to make room for the heart. most people has a heart that tends to lean to the left, which pushes the left lung. You can live without a significant amount of inner organs: The human body may seem fragile, but it can definitely live without the stomach, the spline, 75% of the liver, 80% of the intestines, one kidney, one lung and any productive organ. It wouldn’t feel so great, and you’ll have to be under medication – but it won’t kill you. Saliva at 160kph: During a sneeze the spit particles can reach up to 160kph. the sneeze is very dangerous while driving – there is no way of sneezing with your eyes open, which caused a few road accidents already. Who snores more?: 60% of men and 40% of women up to the age of 60 snore. In most cases a snore can reach 60 decibels. but some people can even reach 80 decibels – same as a concrete drill.            5 Senses Below are the actions perform by the five senses of the body,some sound rare but that's just the simple fact for you. Who will blink first?: Women blink twice as much as men. The average person blinks around 13 times a minute. Blinking is very important to the eye’s health: It helps cover the eye with liquid that has enzymes and Lubricating fluid, that protects it. The strongest: The outer muscles that moves the eye ball are the strongest muscles in the body, relative to the amount of strength they require: They are stronger 100 times than needed. Blue, but temporary: Many babies are born with blue eyes, but they wont stay that way for long. The reason for that is the pigment called “Melanin” that sometimes sinks in the eyes cornea after birth. This process require exposure to ultraviolet light, which in the end reveals the child’s real eye color. Remember 50,000 scents: Our nose can remember 50,000 different smells, many of them are burnt into our memory for many years. but that’s nothing compared to men’s best friend – the dog’s nose is sensitive 1,000,000 times more than ours. The last to go: The last sense that disconnects while dying is the sense of hearing. The first one being eye vision, followed by taste, smell and touch. See for a distance: The longest distance that you can gaze into without any help is about 2.4 million light years – 225 trillion kilometers. This is the distance to the Andromeda galaxy, which you can see in bright sky. Created using Zinepal. Go online to create your own eBooks in PDF, ePub, Kindle and Mobipocket formats. 12
  13. 13. December 31st, 2013 Noise sensitive: The smallest noise can make our pupils dilate - this is one of the reasons why surgeons are bothered by noise - dilation of the pupil might cause to be blinded with light , that can cause a disaster. From birth to old age: Our eyes stay the same size from the moment we are born until we are old age, but the ears and nose does not stop growing. That is why if someone did a nose surgery when he was young – you can see his nose changing over the years. The strongest organ in our body is the tongue: You may not able to lift weights with it, but relative to it’s size, this is the strongest muscle in body that works almost nonstop by talking, eating and swallowing. Published by: successtar • When krakatoa erupted in 1883, its force was so great it could be heard 4,800 kilometres away in Australia. • Every second around 100 lighting bolts strike the Earth. • Every year lightning kills 1000 people. The maximum efficiency the motor car has achieved so far is 33%. • Do you know that;"LITTLE BOY" was the name given to atomic bomb that destroyed Hiroshima during the 2nd world war? It would take over an hour for a heavy object to sink 6.7 miles down the deepest part of the ocean. • Every hour the Universe expands by a billion miles in all directions. Somewhere in the flicker of a badly tuned TV set is the background radiation from the big bang. • A thimbleful of a neutron star would weigh over 100 million ton. The deepest part of any ocean in the world is the Mariana trench in the pacific with a depth of 35,797ft. Around a million,billion neutrinos from the sun will pass through your body has you read this sentence. Even travelling at the speed of light it would take 2 million years to reach the nearest large galaxy,Andromeda. • 'Wireless' communications took a giant leap forward in 1962 with the launch of Telsar,the first satellite capable of relaying telephone and satellite TV signals. • Astronauts cannot belch,there is no gravity to separate liquid from gas in their stomachs. • One million,million,million,million,millionth of a second after the big bang the Universe was a size of pea. • Wilhelm Rontgen won the first Nobel prize for physics for discovering the x-rays in 1895. • The fastest computer in the World is the GRAY YMP C90 supercomputer,It has two gigabytes of central memory and 16 parallel central processor unit. • The highest temperature produced in a laboratory was 920,000,000 F (511,000,000 c) at the Tokamak fusion Test Reaction in Princeton,NJ,USA. • The most powerful laser in the world,the Nova laser at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,CA,USA generates a pulse equal to 100 trillion watts of power for 0.000000001 second to a target the size of a grain sand. • The hottest planet in the solar system is Venus,with an estimated surface temperature of 864 F (462 c). The energy generated from lightening can power a bulb for three months. • • • • In October 1999 an iceberg the size of London broke free from the Antarctic ice shelf. • What are the facts you know about science that you found interesting? Here are loaded interesting science facts for you. • • By Osanyinpeju Hammed on June 29th, 2013 The fastest speed a falling raindrop can hit is 18 m/h. • INTERESTING SCIENCE FACTS • • Violin contains about 70 separate pieces of wood. • The Universe contains over 100 billion galaxies. • In 5 billion years the sun will run out of fuel and turn into a Red Giant. • If you could drive your car straight up you would arrive in space in just an hour. • It takes 8 minutes 17 seconds for light to travel from the sun's surface to the Earth. • 10% of all human beings ever born are alive at this very moment. • The speed of light is approximately 299,792,458 m/s. • The only letter not appearing on the periodic table is letter "j". • The Earth spins at 1,000 mph but it travels through space at an incredible 6,700 mph. • Every year,over one million earthquake shake the Earth. THE HUMAN EYE By Osanyinpeju Hammed on June 29th, 2013 It's interesting if we can know at least little about our eye because the eye is one of the important organ of the body.With Created using Zinepal. Go online to create your own eBooks in PDF, ePub, Kindle and Mobipocket formats. 13
  14. 14. December 31st, 2013 the eye we are able to view everything around us but their are also essential parts of the eye that makes it possible for the eye to perform it's role which are: The Ciliary Muscles : It support the lens and attach it to the wall of the eye .Due to their concentration and expansion it alter the focal length of the lens changing it's shape.We are able to see both near and far object with ease with the aid of the ciliary muscles. The Cornea : it is the thick transparent bulge in the front of the eye.It serves as a protective covering in front of the lens and allows light into the eye.It also partly focuses the light entering the eye. The Aqeous humour : It is the transparent liquid between the cornea and the lens and the vitreous humour is a jelly-like liquid between the lens and the rest of the eyeball.These liquids serve mainly to keep the eye in it's spherical shape. Iris : It is the part which gives the colour of the eye.It has a tiny opening at its centre called the pupil which regulates the quantity of light entering the eye .The pupil looks black because the inner layer of the eye,the choroid, is black. The Crystalline lens : It focuses the light from the object on to the light sensitive retina. The Retina : The Image is formed on the retina which consist of the light sensitive nerve endings which are connected to the optic nerve.The optic nerve conveys the sensation of sight to the brain. The Yellow spot : It is the most sensitive spot of the retina and also where the light entering the eye are usually brought to focus with the clearest image formed. The Blind spot : It is the exit of the optic nerve from the retina which is insensitive to light. Major optical system of the eye consists of the the cornea,the lens,the aqueous and the vitreous humour .The retinal transmits the impression created on it by this image to the brain through the optic nerve.The brain then interpretes the impressions.             THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT THE HUMAN EYE • Each eye weighs ¼ ounce, measures less than 1 inch in diameter, and is shaped like a slightly flattened ball. • We should never put anything in or near our eyes, unless we have a reason to use eye drops. We would only do that if our doctor or parent told us to use them. • Blinking helps to wash tears over our eyeballs. That keeps them clean and moist. Also, if something is about to hit our eye, we will blink automatically. • Our body has some natural protection for our eyes. • Our eyelashes help to keep dirt out of our eyes. • Our eyebrows are made to keep sweat from running into our eyes. • Our eyes are very important to us, and we must protect them. We don't want dirt, sand, splinters or even fingers to get in our eyes. We don't want our eyes to get scratched or poked. That could damage our sight! • The study of the iris of the eye is called iridology. Published by: successtar • The shark cornea has been used in eye surgery, since its cornea is similar to a human cornea. • The number one cause of blindness in adults in the United States is diabetes. • The eyeball of a human weighs approximately 28 grams. • The eye of a human can distinguish 500 shades of the gray. • The cornea is the only living tissue in the human body that does not contain any blood vessels. • The conjunctiva is a membrane that covers the human eye. • Sailors once thought that wearing a gold earring would improve their eyesight. • Research has indicated that a tie that is on too tight cam increase the risk of glaucoma in men. • People generally read 25% slower from a computer screen compared to paper. • Men are able to read fine print better than women can. In the United States, approximately 25,000 eye injuries occur that result in the person becoming totally blind. • All babies are colour blind when they are born. • A human eyeball weighs an ounce. • If the lens in our eye doesn't work quite right, we can get glasses to help us see. Glasses have lenses in them that work with our eye's own lens to help us see better. • Babies' eyes do not produce tears until the baby is approximately six to eight weeks old. • Choose polycarbonate lenses for eye wear and sun wear. They are strong, durable, and impact resistant. • The reason why your nose gets runny when you are crying is because the tears from the eyes drain into the nose. • The most effective sunglasses provide at least 98 percent protection from both UVA and UVB rays. • The most common injury caused by cosmetics is to the eye by a mascara wand. • Some people start to sneeze if they are exposed to sunlight or have a light shined into their eye. • Your body protects your eyes. Bony sockets guard against impact; eyebrows provide shade; eyelids and eyelashes keep things out of eyes;and tear ducts moisten eyes. • The highest recorded speed of a sneeze is 165 km per hour. • When using a computer, adjust the lighting and sit at least 20 inches away from the screen in order to reduce glare. • Smoking increases the risk of some eye diseases such as age-related macular degeneration and cataracts. Created using Zinepal. Go online to create your own eBooks in PDF, ePub, Kindle and Mobipocket formats. 14
  15. 15. December 31st, 2013 • People sometimes have red eyes in photographs, especially those taken with a flash, due to the light that reflects off the blood vessels of the retina. • It is impossible to sneeze with your eyes open. Published by: successtar of pumping machine in the body. So how much do you know about this organ?what are it's primary assignment? You don't have to go anywhere the answers are here. • Early Egyptians believed that the heart and other major organs had wills of their own and would move around inside the body. • An anonymous contributor to the Hippocratic Collection (or Canon) believed vessel valves kept impurities out of the heart, since the intelligence of man was believed to lie in the left cavity. • Over the front of our eye is a clear covering called the "conjunctiva." • Plato theorized that reasoning originated with the brain, but that passions originated in the “fiery” heart. • One in every 12 males is color blind. Color blind does not mean you see in black and white, but that you have trouble telling the difference between certain colors. • The term “heartfelt” originated from Aristotle’s philosophy that the heart collected sensory input from the peripheral organs through the blood vessels. It was from those perceptions that thought and emotions arose. • Prolonged lack of sleep can cause irregular jumping heartbeats called premature ventricular contractions (PVCs). • Some heavy snorers may have a condition called obtrusive sleep apnea (OSA), which can negatively affect the heart. • The retina is about the size of a postage stamp. It has 130 million light sensitive cells. • • Around the pupil is a colored muscle called the "iris." Our eyes may be BLUE, BROWN, GREEN, GRAY OR BLACK, because that is the color of the iris. Cocaine affects the heart’s electrical activity and causes spasm of the arteries, which can lead to a heart attack or stroke, even in healthy people. • Galen of Pergamum, a prominent surgeon to Roman gladiators, demonstrated that blood, not air, filled arteries, as Hippocrates had concluded. However, he also believed that the heart acted as a low-temperature oven to keep the blood warm and that blood trickled from one side of the heart to the other through tiny holes in the heart. • Galen agreed with Aristotle that the heart was the body’s source of heat, a type of “lamp” fueled by blood from the liver and fanned into spirituous flame by air from the lungs. The brain merely served to cool the blood. • In 1929, German surgeon Werner Forssmann (1904-1979) examined the inside of his own heart by threading a catheter into his arm vein and pushing it 20 inches and into his heart, inventing cardiac catheterization, a now common procedure. • On December 3, 1967, Dr. Christiaan Barnard (1922-2001) of South Africa transplanted a human heart into the body of Louis Washansky. Although the recipient lived only 18 days, it is considered the first successful heart transplant. • “Atrium” is Latin for “entrance hall,” and “ventricle” is Latin for “little belly.” • A woman’s heart typically beats faster than a man’s. The heart of an average man beats approximately 70 times a minute, whereas the average woman has a heart rate of 78 beats per minute. • Blood is actually a tissue. When the body is at rest, it takes only six seconds for the blood to go from the heart • The space between your eyebrows is called the Glabella. • Inside our eye, at the back, is a part called the "retina." On the retina are cells called "rods" and "cones." These rods and cones help us to see colors and light. • Just behind the pupil is a lens. It is round and flat. It is thicker toward the middle. • The white part of our eye is called the "sclera." At the front, the sclera becomes clear and is called the"cornea." • When you blink, you shut your eyes for 0.3 seconds. That’s a total of 30 minutes each day! • Certain patterns confuse your eyes and brain, causing you to misjudge the size of a circle or the length of a line. • Our eyes have many parts. The black part on the front of our eye is called the "pupil." It is really a little hole that opens into the back part of our eyes. • Your eyes blinks over 10,000,000 times a year! • Your eye is always making tiny, jittery movements. Each time your eye moves, it receives new information. This continuous supply of new information helps you see images. • Around the world, an adult goes blind every five seconds and a child goes blind every minute. • Light-sensitive cells in the retina include rods and cones. Rods let us see shape and movement. Cones combine the three main colors—red, blue, and green—to let us see thousands of colors. Now you see how important the human eye is very crucial for mankind,so take care of your and don't joke with it.It's too fragile to handle helplessly. THE HUMAN HEART By Osanyinpeju Hammed on July 11th, 2013                                                                          Heart is one of the most important organ in the body of higher animals including human being which play the role Created using Zinepal. Go online to create your own eBooks in PDF, ePub, Kindle and Mobipocket formats. 15
  16. 16. December 31st, 2013 Published by: successtar to the lungs and back, only eight seconds for it to go the brain and back, and only 16 seconds for it to reach the toes and travel all the way back to the heart. • Five percent of blood supplies the heart, 15-20% goes to the brain and central nervous system, and 22% goes to the kidneys. • French physician Rene Laennec (1781-1826) invented the stethoscope when he felt it was inappropriate to place his ear on his large-buxomed female patients' chests.f • The “thump-thump” of a heartbeat is the sound made by the four valves of the heart closing. • • Physician Erasistratus of Chios (304-250 B.C.) was the first to discover that the heart functioned as a natural pump. • In his text De Humani Corporis Fabrica Libri Septem, the father of modern anatomy, Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564), argued that the blood seeped from one ventricle to another through mysterious pores. The heart does the most physical work of any muscle during a lifetime. The power output of the heart ranges from 1-5 watts. While the quadriceps can produce 100 watts for a few minutes, an output of one watt for 80 years is equal to 2.5 gigajoules. • The heart begins beating at four weeks after conception and does not stop until death. • A newborn baby has about one cup of blood in circulation. An adult human has about four to five quarts which the heart pumps to all the tissues and to and from the lungs in about one minute while beating 75 times. • The heart pumps oxygenated blood through the aorta (the largest artery) at about 1 mile (1.6 km) per hour. By the time blood reaches the capillaries, it is moving at around 43 inches (109 cm) per hour. • Galen argued that the heart constantly produced blood. However, William Harvey’s (1578-1657) discovery of the circulation system in 1616 revealed that there was a finite amount of blood in the body and that it circulated in one direction. • The right atrium holds about 3.5 tablespoons of blood. The right ventricle holds slightly more than a quarter cup of blood. The left atrium holds the same amount of blood as the right, but its walls are three times thicker. • Grab a tennis ball and squeeze it tightly: that’s how hard the beating heart works to pump blood. • In 1903, physiologist Willem Einthoven (1860-1927) invented the electrocardiograph, which measures electric current in the heart. • The average adult heart beats 72 times a minute; 100,000 times a day; 3,600,000 times a year; and 2.5 billion times during a lifetime. • Though weighing only 11 ounces on average, a healthy heart pumps 2,000 gallons of blood through 60,000 miles of blood vessels each day. • A kitchen faucet would need to be turned on all the way for at least 45 years to equal the amount of blood pumped by the heart in an average lifetime. • Every day, the heart creates enough energy to drive a truck 20 miles. In a lifetime, that is equivalent to driving to the moon and back. • Because the heart has its own electrical impulse, it can continue to beat even when separated from the body, as long as it has an adequate supply of oxygen. By Osanyinpeju Hammed on July 11th, 2013 The volume of blood pumped by the heart can vary over a wide range, from five to 30 liters per minute. • THE EARTH AND OCEANS OF THE WORLD • The fetal heart rate is approximately twice as fast as an adult’s, at about 150 beats per minute. By the time a fetus is 12 weeks old, its heart pumps an amazing 60 pints of blood a day. • The heart pumps blood to almost all of the body’s 75 trillion cells. Only the corneas receive no blood supply. • • During an average lifetime, the heart will pump nearly 1.5 million barrels of blood—enough to fill 200 train tank cars. The planet is home to millions of species of life, including humans. Both the mineral resources of the planet and the products of thebiosphere contribute resources that are used to support a global human population. These inhabitants are grouped into about 200 independent sovereign states, which interact through diplomacy, travel, trade, and military action. Human cultures have developed many views of the planet, including its personification as a planetary deity, its shape as flat, its position as the center of the universe, and in the modern Gaia Principle, as a single, selfregulating organism in its own right. Earth formed approximately 4.54 billion years ago, and life appeared on its surface within its first billion years. Earth's Created using Zinepal. Go online to create your own eBooks in PDF, ePub, Kindle and Mobipocket formats. 16
  17. 17. December 31st, 2013 biosphere then significantly altered the atmospheric and other basic physical conditions, which enabled the proliferation of organisms as well as the formation of the ozone layer, which together with Earth's magnetic field blocked harmful solar radiation, and permitted formerly ocean-confined life to move safely to land. The physical properties of the Earth, as well as its geological history and orbit, have allowed life to persist. Estimates on how much longer the planet will be able to continue to support life range from 500 million years (myr), to as long as 2.3 billion years (byr). Earth's lithosphere is divided into several rigid segments, or tectonic plates, that migrate across the surface over periods of many millions of years. About 71% of the surface is covered by salt water oceans, with the remainder consisting of continents and islands which together have many lakes and other sources of water that contribute to the hydrosphere. Earth's poles are mostly covered with ice that is the solid ice of the Antarctic ice sheet and the sea ice that is the polar ice packs. The planet's interior remains active, with a solid iron inner core, a liquid outer core that generates the magnetic field, and a thick layer of relatively solid mantle. Earth gravitationally interacts with other objects in space, especially the Sun and the Moon. During one orbit around the Sun, the Earth rotates about its own axis 366.26 times, creating 365.26 solar days, or one sidereal year.The Earth's axis of rotation is tilted 23.4° away from the perpendicular of its orbital plane, producing seasonal variations on the planet's surface with a period of one tropical year (365.24 solar days). The Moon is Earth's only natural satellite. It began orbiting the Earth about 4.53 billion years ago (bya). The Moon's gravitational interaction with Earth stimulates ocean tides, stabilizes the axial tilt, and gradually slows the planet's rotation. Earth formed approximately 4.54 billion years ago, and life appeared on its surface within its first billion years. Earth's biosphere then significantly altered the atmospheric and other basic physical conditions, which enabled the proliferation of organisms as well as the formation of the ozone layer, which together with Earth's magnetic field blocked harmful solar radiation, and permitted formerly ocean-confined life to move safely to land. The physical properties of the Earth, as well as its geological history and orbit, have allowed life to persist. Estimates on how much longer the planet will be able to continue to support life range from 500 million years (myr), to as long as 2.3 billion years (byr). Published by: successtar this salt was released from volcanic activity or extracted from cool, igneous rocks. The oceans are also a reservoir of dissolved atmospheric gases, which are essential for the survival of many aquatic life forms. Sea water has an important influence on the world's climate, with the oceans acting as a large heat reservoir Shifts in the oceanic temperature distribution can cause significant weather shifts, such as the El Niño-Southern Oscillation. The abundance of water on Earth's surface is a unique feature that distinguishes the "Blue Planet" from others in the Solar System. The Earth's hydrosphere consists chiefly of the oceans, but technically includes all water surfaces in the world, including inland seas, lakes, rivers, and underground waters down to a depth of 2,000 m. The deepest underwater location is Challenger Deep of the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean with a depth of −10,911.4 m.                  THE EARTH Estimated weight(mass) : 5,940000000000000 metric tonnes , Estimated Age : 4.6 billion years, Current population : 6,446,131,714, Surface Area : 510,066,000sq km, Land Area : 148,647,000sq km, Ocean Area : 335,258,000sq km. Total Water Area : 361,419,000sq km(97% salt 3% fresh). Radius at the Equator : 6,376 km. Radius at the Poles : 6,355 km. The Earth orbits the sun at : 107,320 km per hour (66,700 mph). circumference at the poles : 39,992 km. Circumference at the equator : 40,066 km. Earth orbit the sun every : 365 days,5 hours,48 minutes,46 seconds.                  OCEANS Pacific : 155,557,000sq km. Atlantic : 76,762,000sqkm. Indian : 68,556,000sqkm . Southern : 20,327,000sqkm . Arctic : 14,056,000sqkm.                                    WORLD  OCEANS The mass of the oceans is approximately 1.35×1018 metric tons, or about 1/4400 of the total mass of the Earth. The oceans cover an area of 3.618×108 km2 with a mean depth of 3,682 m, resulting in an estimated volume of 1.332×109 km3. If all the land on Earth were spread evenly, water would rise to an altitude of more than 2.7 km. About 97.5% of the water is saline, while the remaining 2.5% is fresh water. Most fresh water, about 68.7%, is currently ice. The average salinity of the Earth's oceans is about 35 grams of salt per kilogram of sea water (35 ‰ salt). Most of Created using Zinepal. Go online to create your own eBooks in PDF, ePub, Kindle and Mobipocket formats. 17