Determine your purpose and subject

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Determine your purpose and subject

  1. 1. PUBLIC SPEAKING “DETERMINE YOUR PURPOSE AND SUBJECT” BY : RESTI PUTRI AMELIA CLASS : IV A LECTURER : SUTRIA RAHAYU, S.Pd SEKOLAH TINGGI KEGURUAN DAN ILMU PENDIDIKAN YDB LUBUK ALUNG 2013
  2. 2. CHAPTER 2 DETERMINE YOUR PURPOSE AND SUBJECT
  3. 3. The Major Purposes In Speaking To intertain To inform To persuade To convince To reinfornce To actuate The Major Purposes In Speaking
  4. 4. The major purposes in speaking :  to entertain to elicit a plasuareable response, or to amuse To inform to add knowledge or understanding of the listener To persuade to convince to reinforce to actuate
  5. 5. SELECTING A SUBJECT SELECTING A SUBJECT Is the subect suited to my purpose? Is the subect interesting to me? Am I qualified to speak on this subject? Will my audience find this subject interesting ? Will my audience find this subject? Is my subject sufficiently restricted?
  6. 6. 1. General purpose : to entertain Specific purposes : a. To amuse my audience b. To hold my audience c. To amaze my audience d. To fascinate SPECIFIC PURPOSE
  7. 7. 2. General purpose : to inform Specific purposes : a. To explain b. To demonstare how to make something c. To show how to take something d. To report the results
  8. 8. 3. General purpose : to pesuade Specific purposes : a. To motivate my audience b. To prove to my audience c. To increase my audience’s reverence d. To modify my audience’s attitude
  9. 9. The central idea may be though the thesis, the key statement, or the controlling idea of the speech. Starting the central idea as a complete sentence will help us plan our communication more effectively. The central idea statement is a clear statement of the way in wich we paln to develop our speech. THE CENTRAL IDEA
  10. 10. CHAPTER 3 AUDIENCE ANALYSIS
  11. 11.  Will my audience find this subject useful ? people willing pay attention if they will gain something from doing so. If for some reason members of our audience need to know the information you will be givinng them in our speech, tell them they do. Whenever possible, give our listener a reason for listener, and do it during the introduction to our speech. AUDIENCE ANALYSIS
  12. 12.  Will my audience find this subject interesting? People pay attention is to satisfy an interest. If you are familiar with the subject you have chosen, you should be able to make an educated guess. you can do it effectively if you build your audience’s interest to gain and maintain their attention.
  13. 13.  What is my audience’s knowledge of my subject ? if your audience has little or no knowledge of your subject, you must explain unfamiliar terminology and concepts to them. considering what your listeners already know about your subject is an important part of audience analysis.
  14. 14.  What demographic characteristics should I consider about my audience ? demography is derived from the Greek word demos, meaning “people”. The demographic consideration of your audience has to do with their vital statistics : age, education, beliefs, special intersts, and so on. It can often help you in determining how to handle your subject.
  15. 15.  Is my audience’s attitude favorable, indifferent, or opposed ? a favorable audience My audience’s attitude an indefferent an opposed Supportive and attentive Your job is stimulate their interest Many who disagree with your point

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