TEEN PREGNANCYCommunity Wellness ProjectAmelia CastañedaThe topic I have chosen to generateawareness of in my community is teenpregnancy. I consider this to be a veryimportant issue because according tostatistics, 34 percent of teenagersbecome pregnant before they turn 20.This rates are very alarming becausemost of these girls neither obtain a highschool diploma nor a college degree.Also, mostof these women end up on welfarewhich costs the United States 7 billiondollars annually.
RECENT STATISTICS & FACTS:- Five years ago, the U.S. pregnancy rate among girlsbetween 15 and 19 was 67.8 per 1,000, according to theNational Campaign to Prevent Teen and UnwantedPregnancy.-In the most recently released teen pregnancy statistics, itwas reported that in 2006 the number of pregnant teens isreaching about 80 pregnancies per 1,000 girls aged 15 to19, according to the National Center for Health Statistics.- More and more teens think it is OK for an unmarriedfemale to have a baby, according to a recent governmentsurvey .- About 17 percent of teen girls say they use the rhythmmethod to time sexual activities around certain days in themonth to avoid the days where they are the most fertileand likely to get pregnant. This is based on teen pregnancystatistics from the Center for Disease Control.- About 750,000 teens become pregnant each year.- Almost one-third of teen girls will become pregnant.- Among industrial or developed nations, the United States
has the highest rate of teen pregnancy, teen parenthood,and teen abortions.- About half of U.S. teens are sexually active. Of those whoare sexually active, more are having sex at a younger age,which increases the risk of teen pregnancy and sexuallytransmitted disease.- About a quarter of teen mothers have a second babywithin two years of the first.- Teens who choose to have teen sex are more likely to usea condom than in the 1980s, and less likely to use lesseffective methods of birth control and STD protection.- Most teens who use birth control pills do not use anyother method of protection, and many teens areinconsistent in their use of the pill.HOW IT AFFECTS THE COMMUNITY:- The NCPTP reports that teen childbearing costs taxpayers
at least $9 billion each year, including public sector healthcare costs, increased child welfare costs, prison costs andlost tax revenue.- According to the NCPTP, 67 percent of families begun bya teen mother live in poverty, and 52 percent of allmothers currently on welfare had their first child as ateenager.- PBS reports that sons of teen moms are 13 percent morelikely to end up in prison, increasing crime as well as prisoncosts.- Since most teen parents have low levels of education,their kids are most likely to have a low level of educationtoo.- Parenthood is the leading reason that teen girls drop outof school. More than half of teen mothers never graduatefrom high school which makes the community lose manyprofessionals every year.- Girls born to teen parents are at increased risk forbecoming teen mothers.- Some recent cost studies estimate that the cost may be
as high as $28 billion per year or an average of $5,500 foreach teen parent.- As more girls continue to get pregnant, it has beenshown in recent studies that it influences younger sistersand cousins to follow the same path, viewing it as anormal thing.THE SIGNS:The most common one is a missedmenstrual period. Others include:Nausea or vomiting
Unusual fatigueFrequent urinationUnusual mood swingsPREVENTION:In order to avoid unplanned pregnancies, itis essential for adolescents who are sexuallyactive to use effective contraceptives (suchas condoms, birth control pills, the patch,the vaginal ring, the IUD, and injectablebirth control methods) and to use themevery time they have sex.
Another essential part of teen pregnancyprevention is helping teens develop goalsand educating them about theconsequences of sexual activity.ISSUES:1) Single Parenting: most common issue teenmothers face.2) Prenatal Care: most mothers do not receive theproper vitamins and overall care she and her babyneed.3) Child Support: in most cases, the father dont havea job so this will rely on the government and thetaxpayers.OPTIONS:
1) Adoption2) Teen Marriage3) Abortion (most of the time not safe and notrecommended by doctors)TYPES OF BIRTH CONTROL:1) Abstinence: Not having any type of sexuntil youre married.2) Birth Control Pill: Can be taken daily, alsocalled oral contraception.3) Birth Control Implant: A thin, flexibleplastic implant that protects againstpregnancy for up to three years.4) Birth Control Patch: A thin, beige, plasticpatch that sticks to the skin. A new patch isplaced on the skin once a week for threeweeks in a row, followed by a patch-free
week.RESOURCES:Teenage Parent ProgramGigi MajorEmail: firstname.lastname@example.orgTelephone: 305-646-7220 ext 256Mobile: 305-803-1267C.O.P.E. Center North (Provides educationfor teen parents.)9950 N.W. 19th AvenueMiami, Florida. 33147Phone: 305-836-3300
Fax:305-835-8818After viewing this slideshow, it iseasy to identify the dangers ofteen pregnancy. Every parent,religious or not religious, shouldtalk to their teen about sex andtheir risks. If you dont know howto guide your teen, then take themto their primary doctor! For theteen reading this, do not engage insexual activity until youre fullyinformed so you can prevent STDs