How it all began…
The history of film began in the 1800’s. This was because
there was a new concept called the persistence of vision
which was developed from the magic lantern. This is when a
eye retains an image even when its removed. This then
developed into single moving images. This then inspired
people to invent new concepts and technology for the film
The first motion picture
In 1872 a man named Eadweard Muybridge done an
experiment creating a zoopraxiscope. This was showing a
horse and its movement. This idea developed into motion
photography and was the first movie to ever exist. This
experiment also was evidence that when a horse is in
motion all 4 legs come off the ground and are raised in the
air. These motion devices became competition for magic
lantern. This was because there then was a praxinscope
theatre. This theatre was the same as a praxiniscope only it
was controlled by a lantern which was used to project the
images onto a large screen, making it possible for an
audience to watch.
The first reel of film
In 1885 the invention of the reel of film was made. This was
by George Eastman and William H Walker. They created the
film reel by sensitized paper and then one year later it was
replaced by celluloid.
Cinematography was invented by the lumiere brothers.
They made their first film in 1894 which was called Sortie de
l'usine Lumière de Lyon. This film was publicly screened at
L’Eden. This was the worlds first and oldest cinema.
The first color film
The first color film was invented in 1918. This film was called
Cupid Angling and even though this film was in color it was
in fact in silence.
Produced by Douglass National Color Film
Written Leon Douglass
Starring Ruth Roland, Albert Morrison
Distributed by W.W Hodkinson
Release date(s) September 9, 1918
The first film with sound
Most people consider that sound movies were not invented
until 1928 with the release of Warner's 'The Jazz Singer'. It is
certainly true that this was the first notable film using sound, but
we must go back to the invention of the cinematograph to
realize that experiments were being carried out using sound as
well as picture from the very beginning.
Edison wrote in one of his papers " In the year 1887, the idea
occurred to me that it would be possible to devise an
instrument which should do for the eye what the phonograph
does for the ear, and that by a combination of the two all
sound and motion could be recorded and reproduced
Definition of horror
The definition of horror is that it is an intense feeling of
fear, shock or disgust
A thing causing such a feeling for example intense dismay
Informal a bad or mischievous person, especially a child. —
Latin from horrere ‘shudder, (of hair) stand on end’.
Silent horror films
The very first horror film created was created by the Lumière
brothers in 1895. This clip was of a dancing skeleton.
However this clip wasn’t classed under the genre horror. This
term wasn’t used until the 1930’s. This first film was classed
under ‘spooky tales’.
In the 1900’s the first horror featured film was created by the
German film makers. The director of this film was Paul
Wegener the film he produced was a Old Jewish folk tale
called ‘Der golem’. This was in 1913 but then re-created in
1920 to gain more success and improvement. This film is a
silent horror film. This film features several murders and
creatures that come alive that aren't existing in real life. This
film was the first horror film that was labeled ‘the first monster
Horror began to use sound in the 1930’s. In the 1920’s horror was of
silently floating ghosts that caused terror. However when sound was
added this allowed film companies to use mortal monsters that
grunted, growled and howled. As well as music to build suspense or
sound effects that echoed or footsteps creaking down a corridor.
Horror was thought of as an escape for audiences as it removed the
stress of the ‘Great Depression’ and made them focus on the fright
that raised there adrenaline.
Directors such as ‘Todd browning’ found it challenging to produce
scenes that included talking pictures as it was very different to silent
Examples of horror films made were ‘Dracula’ directed by Todd
In the 1940’s because the world war was in action horror
movies were using the roots of what was happening in the
world and using this to produce films.
Films that were being made were The wolf man, Were wolf
of London and Cat people.
Films like these were being produced because of Hitler’s
name Adolf meant ‘noble wolf’ therefore as Hitler was
someone majorly highlighted in this time. The films were
plotting story lines around this history.
The change between 1940- 1950 was immense because of
the ww2 ending which left over 40 million people dead. This
affected the story lines of the horror films.
Films made in the 1950’s were:
The wasp Women
Houses on haunted hills
The beat generation, Kennedy, Cuba, Vietnam and the
sexual revolution. These events changed what the public
thought of as horrible. The films were releasing on screen
nudity and violence increasing.
Films made in the 1960’s were
Night of the living dead (1967)
Horror movies of the 1970’s reflected the grim mood of the
decade. Society was hitting a disappointment through the
the Beatles split, Janis and Jimi died, and in many senses it
was downhill all the way from there: Nixon, Nam, oil
strikes, glam rock, feather haircuts, medallions. How ever
when society turns bad the horror industry becomes great.
Films that were made in the 1970’s were
The Exorcists (1973)
Alice sweet Alice (1976)
Horror films in the 1980’s was when the special effects
caught up with the gory images and production of the films
became real to the viewers.
The shining (1980)
The thing (1982)
A night mare on elm street
By the end of the 1980s horror had become so reliant on
gore and buckets of liquid latex that it seemed to have lost
its power to do anything more than shock and then amuse.
Horror movies in the late 1990s predicted things for the turn
of the century. Whilst January 1st, 2000 came and went
without much mishap, many commentators have identified
the true beginning of the 21st century as September
11th, 2001. The events of that day changed global
perceptions of what is frightening, and set the cultural
agenda for the following years. The film industry, already
facing a recession, felt very hard hit as film-makers struggled
to come to terms with what was now acceptable to the
28 days later (2002)