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  1. 1. Welcome To Bulgaria<br />
  2. 2. Bulgaria is a country located in the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula. The area is 111,000 square kilometers and population 8 million. On south , Bulgaria touches Greece and Turkey, on north Romania, on west Serbia and Macedonia and on east Black sea. <br />Some of the main rivers running through the territory of the country are: Danube, Maritza, Mesta, Struma, Iskar and Yantra. There are 3 national parks, 9 nature parks and 55 nature reserves.<br />The climate is continental and the average temperature in January is around -5° C, and in July - around 30° C.<br />
  3. 3. There are five main mountain wonders: Rila, Pirin, Rhodope, StaraPlanina and Vitosha. The Rila Mountain to have the highest peak on the Balkan Peninsula - Musala (2925 m), over 219 lakes, 2000 plant varieties and 500 animal species. The jewels in the mountain's crown are the Seven Rila Glacial Lakes.<br />
  4. 4. Pirin is the second highest mountain range in Bulgaria after Rila.<br />
  5. 5. The Rhodopes have a rich cultural heritage including ancient Thracian sites such as Perperikon, Tatul and Belintash; medieval castles, churches, monasteries and picturesque villages with traditional Bulgarian architecture from 18th and 19th century.<br />
  6. 6. StaraPlanina is remarkable for its flora and fauna. She is the spine of the Balkan Peninsula. Vitosha is of four please in height into the Bulgaria after the Rila, the Pirin and StaraPlanina.<br />
  7. 7. Belogradchik rocks resemble fantastic human figures up to 200 meters high<br />The Rock pyramids in the region of Melnik in Southern Bulgaria. <br />The Black Sea<br />Wonderful Bridges are rock phenomenon also known by the name Rocky Bridges<br />Kaliakra Cape<br />
  8. 8. The town of Nessebar is under the aegis of UNESCO. It is one of the oldest towns in Europe, of Roman times.<br />
  9. 9. VelikoTarnovo is one of the oldest settlements in Bulgaria, having a history of more than 5 millennia<br />
  10. 10. Church of the Nativity in Arbanasi<br />
  11. 11. The Round Golden Church<br />Тhe name of VelikiPreslavis of Slavic origin. It was initially founded and functioned as a Slavic settlement until its fortification at the beginning of the 9th century. The proximity to the then Bulgarian capital of Pliska led to the fast development and expansion of Preslav during the reign of the Khans Krum and Omurtag. By the time of the coronation of Khan Boris I in 852, Preslav had turned into an important strategic military centre. A number of churches were built in the city after the conversion of the Bulgarians to Christianity in 864.<br />
  12. 12. The Great Basilica of Pliska is an architectural complex in Pliska, the first capital of the First Bulgarian Empire (7th–9th century), which includes a cathedral, an archbishop's palace and a monastery.<br />
  13. 13. In Antiquity Bulgarian lands were inhabited by Thracians. They have left us amazing artifacts-unique stone tombs with murals and precious golden and silver treasures.<br />The Valchitran Treasure was discovered in 1924 by two brothers who were working in their vineyard near the village of Valchitran.<br />The RogozenTreasure called the find of the century, was discovered by chance in 1985 by a tractor driver digging a well in his garden in the Bulgarian village of Rogozen.<br />The golden treasure of PANA-GYURISHTE. It is a Thracian treasure excavated in 1949 near the town of Panagyurishte.<br />The Golden Mask of tsar Teres<br />GeorgiKitov and his team that unearthed the artifact in 2004 near the village of Shipka, in “Valley of Thracian Kings”. <br />
  14. 14. The Rock-hewn Churches of Ivanovo are a group of monolithic churches, chapels and monasteries hewn out of solid rock and different from other monastery complexes in Bulgaria.<br />
  15. 15. St. Cyril and St. Methodius - creators of the Slavic alphabet and the first translators of liturgical books from Greek into Old-Bulgarian.<br />
  16. 16. BoyanaChurch.<br />The church owes its world fame mainly to its frescoes from 1259. They form a second layer over the paintings from earlier centuries and represent one of the most complete and well-preserved monuments of Eastern European medieval art. The monument was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Listin 1979<br />
  17. 17. Rila Monastery was founded in the 10th century by St. IoanRilski. He was revered as a saint when he was still alive. Today St. IoanRilski is honoured one of the most important saints of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church.<br />
  18. 18. The Madara Rider is an early medieval large rock relief carved on the Madara Plateau. <br />Plovdiv<br />Koprivshtitsa<br />
  19. 19. Bulgarian musical instruments<br />The gayda<br />The tapan<br />The gadulka<br />The caval<br />
  20. 20. Bulgarian folk costumes<br />Baba Marta - Aunt Marta - martenitsi<br />
  21. 21. Festivals<br />Nestinari- fire-dancers<br />Kukeri- mummers<br />
  22. 22. Gabrovo is a city in central Bulgaria, the administrative centre of Gabrovo Province. It is known as an international capital of humour and satire. Gabrovo is also known as the longest city in Bulgaria, it is stretching over 25 km along the Yantra. The geographic center of Bulgaria - Uzana is located near the city. According to Census 2011, as of February 2011, the population of the city was 58,950 inhabitants.<br />
  23. 23. The Etar Architectural-Ethnographic Complex is an open-air museum and a neighbourhood of Gabrovo.<br />
  24. 24. Kiselomlyako– Bulga-rianyoghurt is famous for its bacteria, called Lactobacillus Bulgaricus. The bacteria is observed in natural state only in Bulgaria. <br />Bulgarian national foods<br />Banitsa is a traditional Bulgarian pastry made of eggs, flour and cheese. You can taste different variations of banitsa all around the country. It can be eaten for breakfast or as a dessert.<br />Tarator is a cold soup made of yoghurt and cucumber (dill, garlic, walnuts and sunflower oil are sometimes added) and is popular in Bulgaria.<br />Shkembechorba (tripe soap)is widely believed to be a hangover remedy. Coupled with beer, Shkembechorba is believed to be the best known hangove remedy.<br />Shopska salad<br />