General Information• The Akosombo Dam (also referred to as the Akosombo Hydroelectric Project), is a hydroelectric dam on the Volta River in southeastern Ghana in the Akosombo gorge and part of the Volta River Authority. The construction of the dam flooded part of the Volta River Basin, and the later creation of Lake Volta. Lake Volta is the worlds largest man-made lake, covering 8,502 square kilometers (3,283 sq mi), which is 3.6% of Ghanas land area
Story Behind The Dam• Ghana wanted hydroelectricity.• Ghana took loans from the World Bank and USA to build it.• A part of this deal was that USA would produce aluminum using the electricity that the dam produced
Evacuation• Over 80 000 people had moved from their farms and villages to make way for the Akosombo Dam. It created a giant lake, drowning 4% of Ghana’s land.
Problems• After 35 years Valco was still importing alumina from Jamaica and using Ghana’s bauxite.• Valco was paying almost half the bills other factories were paying.• It did not pay tax on the alumina it imported or the aluminum it exported.• Ghana had to export cheap bauxite instead of expensive aluminum.• No one payed attention to Lake Volta