Traumatic Brain injury is damage to the
brain as a result of an injury.
•The estimated rate of occurrence is
618 per 100,000.
•A few common causes are sports
injuries, vehicle accidents, falls,
violence, or construction.
Behavioral characteristics could include:
cognitive processing issues
loss of impulse control
chemical imbalance in brain that may causes mood changes
Physical Characteristics all depend on the severity of
They could include anything from vomiting, nausea,
problems with motor coordination, headaches,
difficulty awakening, slurred speech, blurred or loss
of vision, pupil dilation, fatigue, convulsions, or even
•Early intervention to help with difficulty in memory.
•Extra time to process the information because of
their short attention span.
•Identification of skills, knowledge, and capabilities.
•Help with educational skills.
•Guidance in problem solving.
EDUCATIONAL NEEDS CONT.
•Material should be presented orally or with more
•The child needs to be allowed to respond in various
ways, such as pointing or verbally.
•They should be allowed resting opportunities.
•They need adaptations and flexibility in leaving the
•Traumatic Brain Injury: A Guidebook for Educators
(1995) reprinted 2002.
•Description: TBI Educational Network: A
•Betty Clooney Foundation
•Center for Nuero Skills
RESOURCES FOR THE PARENT
•Brain Injury Resource Center
•Family Caregiver Alliance
WAYS TO HELP IN THE CLASSROOM
•Children should be allowed to sit in the front of the
class to avoid distractions.
•Color-code material for each class on an index card.
•Supply needed breaks, including nurses office to rest.
•They should be allowed more time to complete work. It
may take two or three times more to process than