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The north vs south


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The north vs south

  1. 1. The North vs. The SouthThe North vs. The South 4-6.1:4-6.1: Compare the industrial North and theCompare the industrial North and the agricultural South prior to the Civil War, including theagricultural South prior to the Civil War, including the specific nature of the economy of each region, thespecific nature of the economy of each region, the geographic characteristics and boundaries ofgeographic characteristics and boundaries of each region, and the basic way of life in each region.each region, and the basic way of life in each region.
  2. 2. The NorthThe North
  3. 3. The North- Geographical FeaturesThe North- Geographical Features  TheThe NorthNorth had rocky soilhad rocky soil and a much shorterand a much shorter growing season, they didgrowing season, they did not have cash crops.not have cash crops.  The many natural harborsThe many natural harbors and abundance of lumberand abundance of lumber in the region ledin the region led Northerners to develop anNortherners to develop an economy based oneconomy based on shipbuilding andshipbuilding and commerce.commerce.  Factories were built in theFactories were built in the North that took advantageNorth that took advantage of the swift flowing riversof the swift flowing rivers for water power.for water power.
  4. 4. The North- Economical FactorsThe North- Economical Factors  Northern states emancipated their slavesNorthern states emancipated their slaves in response to the ideals of thein response to the ideals of the Declaration of Independence and becauseDeclaration of Independence and because they were not as dependent on slave laborthey were not as dependent on slave labor for their farms or factories.for their farms or factories.  The North believed in a free labor system.The North believed in a free labor system.  The industrial revolution brought manyThe industrial revolution brought many immigrants who found jobs in theimmigrants who found jobs in the factories.factories.  Population grew quickly.Population grew quickly.  Banks and other businesses developed inBanks and other businesses developed in the North to serve the needs of thethe North to serve the needs of the growing industry and population.growing industry and population.  Despite this economic growth, the majorityDespite this economic growth, the majority of people in the North still lived on smallof people in the North still lived on small farms at the time of the Civil War.farms at the time of the Civil War.
  5. 5. The North- LifestyleThe North- Lifestyle  Public education,Public education, including colleges, was aincluding colleges, was a well-established traditionwell-established tradition in the North because ofin the North because of the early Puritanthe early Puritan insistence on Biblicalinsistence on Biblical literacy as essential toliteracy as essential to salvation.salvation.  However, as in the South,However, as in the South, the type and amount ofthe type and amount of educational opportunityeducational opportunity varied, depending onvaried, depending on gender and social class.gender and social class.
  6. 6. The SouthThe South
  7. 7. The South- GeographicalThe South- Geographical FeaturesFeatures TheThe SouthSouth developed as andeveloped as an agricultural region becauseagricultural region because of its fertile soil andof its fertile soil and temperate climate thattemperate climate that permitted the growing ofpermitted the growing of cash crops.  The abundance of rivers forThe abundance of rivers for the transportation ofthe transportation of agricultural products toagricultural products to market also contributed tomarket also contributed to the development of thethe development of the South’s economy.South’s economy.
  8. 8. The South- Economical FactorsThe South- Economical Factors  Growing of cash crops.Growing of cash crops.  South believed in a slave-laborSouth believed in a slave-labor system.system.  The institution of slavery made aThe institution of slavery made a significant contribution to thesignificant contribution to the development of the way of life of thedevelopment of the way of life of the slave owners and their slaves andslave owners and their slaves and even impacted the majority of theeven impacted the majority of the population who did not own slaves.population who did not own slaves.  Dependence on slavery intensifiedDependence on slavery intensified after the invention of the cotton gin.after the invention of the cotton gin.
  9. 9. The South- LifestyleThe South- Lifestyle  Little opportunity forLittle opportunity for public education in thepublic education in the South due to:South due to: Lack of religious emphasisLack of religious emphasis on literacyon literacy White elite attitudes thatWhite elite attitudes that considered education aconsidered education a social and racial privilegesocial and racial privilege Geographic isolation dueGeographic isolation due to dependence onto dependence on agricultureagriculture
  10. 10. What separates the two?What separates the two? TheThe boundary between the North andboundary between the North and the Souththe South was located on the borderwas located on the border between Maryland and Pennsylvaniabetween Maryland and Pennsylvania [known as the Mason Dixon line].[known as the Mason Dixon line].