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Linked data in libraries: another fad or paradigm shift?

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Linked data is the current hot topic in library technology, but is it just a passing trend or a game changer for how we handle and deliver library metadata? With the Library of Congress moving forward with BIBFRAME, OCLC publishing linked data, ALA hosting RDA in RDF “Jane-a-thons,” and numerous grant funded linked data projects in libraries — the evidence strongly supports that we are at the brink of a metadata movement that will dramatically effect our work. This talk will explore the basic principles of linked data, as well as its current and potential application in libraries. What will our library catalogs look like in a linked data environment? How will our workflows change? And most importantly, how will it effect our library users?

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Linked data in libraries: another fad or paradigm shift?

  1. 1. Linked Data in Libraries Another fad or a paradigm shift? Amber Billey Metadata Librarian Columbia University Libraries amber.billey@columbia.edu @justbilley
  2. 2. LIBRARIANS LOVE SYSTEMS
  3. 3. Charles Ammi Cutter (1837-1903)
  4. 4. CHARLES AMMI CUTTER (1876) PURPOSES OF A CATALOG 1. TO ENABLE A PERSON TO FIND A DOCUMENT OF WHICH ● THE AUTHOR, OR ● THE TITLE, OR ● THE SUBJECT IS KNOWN 2. TO SHOW WHAT THE LIBRARY HAS ● BY A GIVEN AUTHOR ● ON A GIVEN SUBJECT ● IN A GIVEN KIND OF LITERATURE 3. TO ASSIST IN THE CHOICE OF A DOCUMENT ● BIBLIOGRAPHICALLY (E.G. EDITION, FORMAT, ETC.) ● AS TO ITS CHARACTER (I.E. LITERARY OR TOPICAL)
  5. 5. 02743cam 22004094a 45000010008000000050017000080080041000250100017000660190014000830200031000970200028001280200 03800156020003500194024001600229035002400245035003900269035001700308040005300325050002200378 08200120040010000300041224500790044225000120052126000510053330000350058449000480061950400640 06675050675007315200735014066500030021416500014021717000023021858300049022089000014022579600 03302271948002902304700839020090428114549.0080822s2009 ctua b 001 0 eng a 2008037446 a236328594 a9781591585862 (alk. paper) a1591585864 (alk. paper) a9781591587002 (pbk. : alk. paper) a159158700X (pbk. : alk. paper) a99932583184 a(OCoLC) ocn236328585 a(OCoLC)236328585z(OCoLC)236328594 a(NNC)7008390 aDLCcDLCdBTCTAdBAKERdYDXCPdUKMdC#PdOrLoB-B00aZ666.5b.T39 200900a0252221 aTaylor, Arlene G., d1941-14aThe organization of information /cArlene G. Taylor and Daniel N. Joudrey. a3rd ed. aWestport, Conn. :bLibraries Unlimited,c2009. axxvi, 512 p. :bill. ;c26 cm.1 aLibrary and information science text series aIncludes bibliographical references (p. 479-498) and index.00tAcknowledgements /rArlene G. Taylor -- tAcknowledgements /rDaniel N. Joudrey -- g1. tOrganization of recorded information -- g2.tRetrieval tools -- g3.tDevelopment of the organization of recorded information in western civilization -- g4.tMetadata -- g5.tEncoding standards -- g6.tSystems and system design -- g7.tMetadata: description -- g8.tMetadata: access and authority control -- g9.tSubject analysis -- g10.tSystems for vocabulary control -- g11.tSystems for categorization -- gApp. A.tAn approach to subject analysis -- gApp. B. tArrangement of physical information resources in libraries -- gApp. C.tArrangement of metadata displays.1 a"As with previous editions, it begins with strong justification for the continued importance of organizing principles and practice. Following a broad overview of the concept and its role in human endeavors, Taylor and Joudrey provide a detailed and insightful discussion of such basic retrieval tools as inventories, bibliographies, catalogs, indexes, finding aids, registers, databases, major bibliographic utilities, and other organizing entities. They then trace the development of the organization of recorded information in Western civilization from 2000 B.C.E. to the present. This book is for students and professionals eager to embrace the heritage, immediacy, and future of this fascinating field of study."--BOOK JACKET. 0aInformation organization. 0aMetadata.1 aJoudrey, Daniel N. 0aLibrary and information science text series. aAUTHbTOC f634962o1s50. 00tglxu2900B1 a20090303bccvt2130dMPS Henrietta Avram (1919-2006)
  6. 6. Photo by Glyn Lowe Photoworks. - Creative Commons Attribution License https://www.flickr.com/photos/65354164@N02 Created with Haiku Deck
  7. 7. Photo by Filter Forge - Creative Commons Attribution License https://www.flickr.com/photos/93421824@N06 Created with Haiku Deck
  8. 8. Then the internet happened.
  9. 9. http://librarytechnology.org/mergers/ By Marshall Breeding
  10. 10. MARC CAN’T INTEGRATE OR ENGAGE WITH THE WEB
  11. 11. The Web has changed. It’s Semantic. Traditional Web ● documents ● links between docs ● unstructured data ● implicit relationships ● for humans Semantic Web ● things ● links between things ● structured data ● explicit relationships ● for machines and humans
  12. 12. Photo by marsmet535 - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License https://www.flickr.com/photos/123430259@N03 Created with Haiku Deck
  13. 13. Linked data!
  14. 14. Get at your local library MOCK-UP
  15. 15. Photo by Billy Simon - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License https://www.flickr.com/photos/46243460@N03 Created with Haiku Deck
  16. 16. ́ RDF Triple Structure
  17. 17. Otlet, Paul, 1868-1944 The five laws of library science Linked Data expresses relationships! created created subject subject
  18. 18. http://id.loc. gov/authorities /names/n9064 6362 http://www. worldcat. org/oclc/18730 828 Linked Data expresses relationships for machine processing. http://purl. org/dc/ele m ents/1. 1/creator http://purl. org/dc/ele m ents/1. 1/creator http://purl. org/dc/elem en ts/1.1/subject http://purl. org/dc/elem en ts/1.1/subject
  19. 19. Otlet, Paul, 1868-1944 Traité de Documentation Library Science The five laws of library science Ranganatha n, S. R. (Shiyali Ramamrita), 1892-1972 Linked Data is all about more relationships! birthplace:Brussels (Belgium) occupation:Author flieldOfActivity:Pacifists birthplace:Sīrkāzhi (India) occupation:Librarian flieldOfActivity:Mathematics lifespan:1898-1944 lifespan:1892-1972Twentieth Century gender:male gender:maleMen created created subject subject
  20. 20. Otlet, Paul, 1868-1944 Traité de Documentation Library Science The five laws of library science Ranganatha n, S. R. (Shiyali Ramamrita), 1892-1972 Linked Data links all the relationships! birthplace:Brussels (Belgium) occupation:Author flieldOfActivity:Pacifists birthplace:Sīrkāzhi (India) occupation:Librarian flieldOfActivity:Mathematics lifespan:1898-1944 lifespan:1892-1972Twentieth Century gender:male gender:maleMen created created subject subject http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1159810 http://id.loc. gov/authorities/names/n9064 6362 http://id.worldcat.org/fast/997916 http://id.loc. gov/authorities/names/n79013830 http://id.loc. gov/authorities/names/n8007271 2 http://id.worldcat.org/fast/821688 http://id.worldcat.org/fast/997301 http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1050133 http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1012163 http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1015978 http://rdaregistry.info/termList/gender/1002 http://rdaregistry.info/termList/gender/1002 http://purl. org/dc/ele m ents/1. 1/creator http://purl. org/dc/ele m ents/1. 1/creator http://purl. org/dc/elemen ts/1.1/subject http://purl. org/dc/elem en ts/1.1/subject
  21. 21. Current Application of Linked Data in Libraries Description ● LC and BIBFRAME ● OCLC and Schema.org ● RDA in RDF ● VRA in RDF ● CIDOC CRM ● Dublin Core ● ... Access (Authorities) ● LC Linked Data Service ● National Authority Files ● MeSH ● VIAF ● ISNI ● ORCID ● ...
  22. 22. Linked Data for Libraries Project
  23. 23. Columbia :: Art Properties Florine Stettheimer (1871-1944), Self-Portrait with Paradise Birds (Self-Portrait in Front of Chinese Screen), no date (ca. 1905), oil on canvas, Gift of the Estate of Ettie Stettheimer, 1967 (1967.23.13)
  24. 24. Cornell :: Afrika Bambaataa Collection
  25. 25. Harvard :: Cartographic Materials http://www.math.harvard.edu/history/maps/orig/1838.jpg
  26. 26. Princeton :: Derrida Archives
  27. 27. Stanford :: Music
  28. 28. Library of Congress Audio Visual and Sound Recordings Prints and Photographs BIBFRAME and RDA BIBFRAME 2.0
  29. 29. What will library catalogs look like with Linked Data?
  30. 30. How will our work change?
  31. 31. How will Linked Data benefit our users?
  32. 32. So, what now?
  33. 33. Thanks! Any questions? amber.billey@columbia.edu @justbilley

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