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Shingles

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Shingles

  1. 1. Shingles
  2. 2. Symptoms • Begins with headache, light-headedness, and flu-like symptoms without fever • Itching/ pain in certain area • Band/strip/cluster of a rash will appear • Rash turns to cluster of blisters • Blisters crust over, takes 2-4 weeks to heal
  3. 3. Diagnosis • Pain in a certain spot, before rash appears • Notice rash side of body • Lab tests (generally a herpes test) on cells from a blister
  4. 4. Treatment • Pain medication, such as steroids, Tylenol • Antiviral medication • Preventative shingles vaccine for adults above 50
  5. 5. Causes • Reactivation of varicella-zoster virus, type of herpes virus, causes chicken pox • Virus remains inactive in nerve roots until it flares up again • Even mild cases of chickenpox increase susceptibility • Those over 50, weak immune system increases vulnerability
  6. 6. Epidemiology • Not by exposure to shingles • If you’ve not had chickenpox or chickenpox vaccination, exposure to shingles can lead to chickenpox, if contact is made with fluid in shingles’ blisters
  7. 7. Prognosis • Most people fully recover • For 20%-30% of sufferers, the pain does not dissipate, due to damage of nerves in the skin, called Postherpetic Neuralgia (PHN). • Pain varies from mild to excruciating
  8. 8. Bibliography • "Shingles." WebMD. WebMD, 1 Aug. 2011. Web. 29 Sept. 2013. <http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and- treatments/shingles/shingles>. • McCoy, Krisha. "Shingles: How to Avoid It and How to Cope with the Pain."Baltimoresun.com. N.p., 23 Sept. 2011. Web. 29 Sept. 2013. <http://www.baltimoresun.com/health/bal-hs- health-chat-shingles,0,4961475.htmlstory>.

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