The agriculture scenario all over the world is undergoing a rapid
change particularly after WTO agreements came into
existence. in the context of agriculture, the potential of IT can
be assessed broadly under two heads:
1. As a tool for direct contribution to agriculture productivity,
2. As an indirect tool for empowering farmers to take informed
and quality decisions which will have positive impact on the
way agriculture and allied activities are conducted.
• IT can initiate new agriculture and rural business such as e-
commerce, real estate business for satellite offices, rural
• IT can improve farm management and farming technologies
by efficient farm management.
Hence, IT can take an important and key role for
industrialization of farming or farm business enterprises,
combining the above role.
IT and its Components:
Induction of IT as a strategic tool for agricultural development
and welfare of rural India requires the necessary IT
infrastructure is in place. Various components of IT makes it
feasible to target at a large IT penetration into rural India.
There are various components of IT are listed below:
• Input devices:
• Output devices:
• Networking devices:
• Tranmission media:
Changing pattern of needs-post WTO:
WTO, has brought in a “need” and urgency to make an IT as
integral part of decision making. Consequently, deploying IT
as a strategic tool for the benefit of rural India has assumed
The broad information inputs required by farmers in the new
scenario can be classified as,
• Awareness Databases:
• Decision Support Systems:
• Information on new opportunities:
• Monitoring the systems for corrective measures:
IT for Agriculture production and Marketing:
IT is playing an important and vital role in agricultural
production and marketing. In order to take the real status of
agricultural production and marketing, there is an urgent need
to develop the following items:
• Farmers’ crop database should be managed. The database
includes the kinds of crops, the size of cultivated area, time of
harvest and yield.
• Crops information service should be created.
• Production techniques and information inquiry system should
IT Vision 2020
Department of Agriculture & corporation (DAC) has formulated
IT vision 2020. This vision inter-alia envisages that:
a) Information relating to agriculture sector would be available to
the ultimate users – the farmers - for optimizing their
productivity and income;
b) Extension and advisory services making use of information
technology would be available to the farmers on round the
c) The tools for information technology will provide networking
of agriculture sector not only in the country but also globally
IT and Indian Agriculture in the Future:
• User friendly systems, particularly with content in local
languages, can generate interest in the farmers and others
working at the grassroots. It is possible to create dedicated
networks or harness the power of Internet to make these
services are available to all parts of the country.
• Our country has the advantage of having a large number of
specialized institutions in place catering to various aspects of
Indian agriculture. These institutions can play a crucial role
in designing the aspects of Indian agriculture. These
institutions can play a crucial role in designing the necessary
applications & databases and services.
• In the post WTO regime, it is suggested that it is useful to
focus more on some agricultural products to maintain an
unquestionable competitive advantage for exports. This will
• call for urgent measures to introduce state of the art
technologies such as remote sensing, geographical information
systems (GIS), bio-engineering, etc. India has made rapid
strides in satellite technologies.