Role of it in agriculture

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MIS ppt for sem-II MMS

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Role of it in agriculture

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION The agriculture scenario all over the world is undergoing a rapid change particularly after WTO agreements came into existence. in the context of agriculture, the potential of IT can be assessed broadly under two heads: 1. As a tool for direct contribution to agriculture productivity, 2. As an indirect tool for empowering farmers to take informed and quality decisions which will have positive impact on the way agriculture and allied activities are conducted.
  2. 2. contd… • IT can initiate new agriculture and rural business such as e- commerce, real estate business for satellite offices, rural tourism, etc. • IT can improve farm management and farming technologies by efficient farm management. Hence, IT can take an important and key role for industrialization of farming or farm business enterprises, combining the above role.
  3. 3. IT and its Components: Induction of IT as a strategic tool for agricultural development and welfare of rural India requires the necessary IT infrastructure is in place. Various components of IT makes it feasible to target at a large IT penetration into rural India. There are various components of IT are listed below: • Input devices: • Output devices: • Software: • Networking devices: • Tranmission media:
  4. 4. Changing pattern of needs-post WTO: WTO, has brought in a “need” and urgency to make an IT as integral part of decision making. Consequently, deploying IT as a strategic tool for the benefit of rural India has assumed importance. The broad information inputs required by farmers in the new scenario can be classified as, • Awareness Databases: • Decision Support Systems: • Information on new opportunities: • Monitoring the systems for corrective measures:
  5. 5. IT for Agriculture production and Marketing: IT is playing an important and vital role in agricultural production and marketing. In order to take the real status of agricultural production and marketing, there is an urgent need to develop the following items: • Farmers’ crop database should be managed. The database includes the kinds of crops, the size of cultivated area, time of harvest and yield. • Crops information service should be created. • Production techniques and information inquiry system should be created.
  6. 6. IT Vision 2020 Department of Agriculture & corporation (DAC) has formulated IT vision 2020. This vision inter-alia envisages that: a) Information relating to agriculture sector would be available to the ultimate users – the farmers - for optimizing their productivity and income; b) Extension and advisory services making use of information technology would be available to the farmers on round the clock basis; c) The tools for information technology will provide networking of agriculture sector not only in the country but also globally
  7. 7. IT and Indian Agriculture in the Future: • User friendly systems, particularly with content in local languages, can generate interest in the farmers and others working at the grassroots. It is possible to create dedicated networks or harness the power of Internet to make these services are available to all parts of the country. • Our country has the advantage of having a large number of specialized institutions in place catering to various aspects of Indian agriculture. These institutions can play a crucial role in designing the aspects of Indian agriculture. These institutions can play a crucial role in designing the necessary applications & databases and services.
  8. 8. Cond… • In the post WTO regime, it is suggested that it is useful to focus more on some agricultural products to maintain an unquestionable competitive advantage for exports. This will • call for urgent measures to introduce state of the art technologies such as remote sensing, geographical information systems (GIS), bio-engineering, etc. India has made rapid strides in satellite technologies.

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