Ikea Final


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Ikea Final

  1. 1. Retail Presentation on: By: Sourabh Gupta: 28 Deepankar Sehgal:63 Amarendra Hota:32 Sanjay Singh:71 Amrita Dhaliwal :17 Tanya Shingal:66
  2. 2. <ul><li>What it is </li></ul><ul><li>IKEA is a privately-held, international home products retailer . </li></ul><ul><li>It sells low-price products, including furniture,, bathrooms and kitchen accessories. </li></ul><ul><li>The customer has to assemble many of the products. </li></ul><ul><li>265 stores in 36 countries (mostly Europe) only 30 stores are run by franchisees outside of the Ingka Holding. </li></ul><ul><li>Ikea website contains about 12000 products & in 2006 their were 260 million visitors to its website </li></ul><ul><li>Employs 1,04,000 people(2006). </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Business Idea : To offer a wide range of </li></ul><ul><li>well designed, functional products at low prices. </li></ul><ul><li>Vision: “ To create a better everyday life for the many people”. </li></ul><ul><li>Ikea wants to create product with minimum impact on environment, so products are manufactured in a socially </li></ul><ul><li>responsible way. </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational structure is flat with words like sameness and team-work given weight age. </li></ul><ul><li>Analogy based on simplicity and cost consciousness. </li></ul>
  4. 4. History n Facts <ul><li>Founded : 1943 in Älmhult, Småland, Sweden </li></ul><ul><li>Headquarters : Leiden, The Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>Founder : Ingvar Kamprad, founded at the age of 17. </li></ul><ul><li>Resigned as CEO in 1986. </li></ul><ul><li>Ownership : Stichting INGKA Foundation . </li></ul><ul><li>Mix of profit, non-profit organisations. </li></ul><ul><li>Originally, IKEA sold pens, wallets, picture frames, watches, jewellery. </li></ul><ul><li>First store outside Sweden was opened in 1963 in Oslo. </li></ul><ul><li>IKEA contributed 1 euro to UNICEF from each soft toy sold during the 2006 holiday season, raising a total of €1.75 million. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Store Format <ul><li>Designed around a &quot;one-way&quot; layout which leads customers along &quot;the long natural way ”. </li></ul><ul><li>Furniture Showrooms House wares </li></ul><ul><li>Warehouse Cashier. </li></ul><ul><li>Many stores include food market specializing in Swedish food. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Bargain Corner”. </li></ul><ul><li>first store.bmp store.bmp </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sales <ul><li>20.6 billion euro (Rs 1187 crore) </li></ul><ul><li>Financial year 2007 (1 Sept 2006–31 Aug 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>17% sales increase from last year </li></ul>
  7. 9. Stores <ul><li>IKEA STORES </li></ul><ul><li>220 IKEA stores in 33 countries/territories: </li></ul><ul><li>19 new openings FY07 </li></ul><ul><li>24 stores in 15 countries/territories run by franchisees outside the IKEA Group </li></ul>
  8. 11. Visitors <ul><li>OUR VISITORS </li></ul><ul><li>583 million visitors in year 06-07 </li></ul><ul><li>1.1 million visitors every day </li></ul><ul><li>Average customers are Middle class professionals, ages 25 – 44 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enjoy self assembling and saving money </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Average sale is $ 90 </li></ul><ul><li>200 million visitors on our web site </li></ul>
  9. 13. Catalogues <ul><li>IKEA CATALOGUE </li></ul><ul><li>Most important marketing channel </li></ul><ul><li>175 million copies </li></ul><ul><li>52 editions </li></ul><ul><li>25 languages </li></ul>
  10. 15. <ul><li>INITIALLY… </li></ul><ul><li>Kamprad sold his goods out of his home and by mail order but eventually a store was opened in the nearby town of Älmhult. It was also the location for the first IKEA &quot;warehouse&quot; store which came to serve as a model for IKEA establishments elsewhere </li></ul><ul><li>Originally, IKEA sold pens, wallets, picture frames, table runners, watches, jewelry and nylon stockings or practically anything Kamprad found a need for that he could fill with a product at a reduced price. </li></ul><ul><li>Furniture was first added to the IKEA product range in 1947 </li></ul><ul><li>- The furniture was produced by local manufacturers in the forests close to his home. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1951, Ingvar saw the opportunity of becoming a furniture provider on a larger scale. He soon made decision to discontinue all other products and focus directly on low-priced furniture. In 1955,pressure from competitors caused suppliers to boycott IKEA which responded by beginning to design their own furnitures. </li></ul>
  11. 16. What's so special about IKEA products? Product range is extensive enough -to have something that appeals to everyone -to cover all functions in the home -the products are modern not trendy so they are practical enough for everyday use. Cost advantage -low price and yet good value for money. (excellent relationship with suppliers) - flat packed furniture cuts costs on transportation and assembly. Function -products are based on a functional approach to design. IKEA design means products that are attractive, practical and easy to use. -no fringes attached. -they give genuine solutions for specific home furnishing needs and are made of the most suitable materials for their purpose. The right quality -the quality of a product is appropriate for the intended use.
  12. 17. <ul><li>Winter collection </li></ul><ul><li>Storage furniture </li></ul><ul><li>TV solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Small storage & Clothes storage </li></ul><ul><li>Sofas & armchairs </li></ul><ul><li>Tables & desks Chairs </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting Decoration & mirrors </li></ul><ul><li>Floors </li></ul><ul><li>Textiles & rugs & Beds & mattresses </li></ul><ul><li>Cooking & eating </li></ul><ul><li>Furniture care & hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Kitchen cabinets & appliances </li></ul><ul><li>Bathroom furniture </li></ul><ul><li>For your pets </li></ul><ul><li>Children's IKEA </li></ul>
  13. 18. <ul><li>PRODUCT NAMES </li></ul><ul><li>IKEA products are identified by single word names. Most of the names are either Swedish, Danish, Finnish or Norwegian in origin. </li></ul><ul><li>Although there are some notable exceptions, most product names are based on a special naming system developed by IKEA. </li></ul><ul><li>Company founder Ingvar Kamprad, who is dyslexic, found that naming the furniture with proper names and words, rather than a product code, made the names easier to remember </li></ul><ul><li>Since IKEA is a world-wide company working in several countries,sometimes the Nordic naming leads to problems where the word means something completely different to the product in different languages. </li></ul>
  14. 19. <ul><li>IKEA publishes an annual catalogue. </li></ul><ul><li>First published in Swedish in 1951 </li></ul><ul><li>The catalogue is now published in 17 languages for 28 countries, and is the main marketing tool, consuming 70% of the company's annual marketing budget. </li></ul><ul><li>The catalogue is distributed both in stores and by mail. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the catalogue is produced by IKEA Catalogue Services AB in IKEA's hometown of Älmhult, Sweden. </li></ul><ul><li>The catalogue itself is printed on chlorine-free paper of </li></ul><ul><li>10-15% post-consumer waste. </li></ul>CATALOGUE
  15. 20. Price Strategies <ul><ul><li>Price is defined as the amount of money charged for a product or service. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In addition price is a flexible element since it can be changed quickly. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low Price is not appealing unless it represents good value for money. This is </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>where IKEA is able to make a real difference. IKEA is committed to having </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a good relationship with our suppliers and so we are able to purchase good </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>quality, economically produced designs that are bought in bulk to keep costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>down. By making all our furniture flat packed we cut down on transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and assembly costs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Price a company charges will be somewhere between one that is too low </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to attain profitability and one that is too high to create any demand. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Business Idea of IKEA is “To create good design that works and has a </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>price that everybody can afford to pay”. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 21. Environmental Factors Affecting Pricing <ul><ul><ul><li>Costs, marketing objectives, merchandising and marketing mix strategy are example of internal factors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The nature of the market and demand, competition and other environmental factors represent external factors. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 22. Price-Style Matrix <ul><li>At IKEA , all articles are divided into sixteen different categories considering their style and price. </li></ul><ul><li>Four styles are Style1, Style2, Style3 and Style 4 whereas the four price groups are referred to as A, B, C and D. </li></ul><ul><li>The products in the price group A are more aggressively merchandised and positioned out in the stores than products belonging to the other price groups.   </li></ul>
  18. 23. Example of a price-style matrix <ul><li>Price D ×   ×   </li></ul><ul><li> C   ×     </li></ul><ul><li> B × × × × </li></ul><ul><li> A × ×   </li></ul><ul><li> Style1 Style2 Style3 Style4   </li></ul>
  19. 24. Pricing new products <ul><li>When Management decides on developing a new product they examine if there is a market demand for the product. </li></ul><ul><li>Thereafter the position in the price style matrix and the absolute price-tag are established. </li></ul><ul><li>When placing a product group into the matrix its target groups’ ability to pay is taken into consideration. </li></ul><ul><li>An introduction of a new article often results in price adjustments for related products, in order to retain the price balance within the matrix. </li></ul>
  20. 25. SUPPLY CHAIN <ul><li>With more than 220 store in 33 countries and 12000 articles the supply chain has to be impeccable to create differential advantage. The IKEA Group has 31 distribution centres in 16 countries, supplying goods to IKEA stores, and 45 trading service offices in 31 countries. This enables them to develop close relationships with their 1,500 suppliers in 50 countri es. </li></ul><ul><li>China is IKEA's main purchasing market and 15 per cent of all home furniture sold by IKEA is made from materials purchased in China. </li></ul><ul><li>Raw materials are secured considering the following things: </li></ul><ul><li>1 Plantation are identified which are more then 4000 hec. </li></ul><ul><li>2 FSC is a certification which is must in consumer markets. </li></ul><ul><li>3 They give active support to farmers. </li></ul><ul><li>4 They still support supplying from small scale plantations and farmers. </li></ul>
  22. 28. Lead times <ul><li>Great emphasis is put on the ordering and distribution methods. IKEA’s suppliers are categorised according to the lead time that they work on. IKEA’s policy is to try to shorten lead times gradually. IKEA staff refer to the supplier ladder. </li></ul><ul><li>A supplier may start to supply goods on either a long warning fixed time delivery basis or a call-off. Call offs are time based methods and once the supply chain is functioning smoothly the supplier will progress to an order driven method: Order Point Distribution Centre (OPDC) at progressively shorter lead times, from weeks down to days, with the manufacture and delivery of goods being triggered by orders </li></ul><ul><li>Once a supplier is able to achieve this they explore the possibilities of cutting the distribution link out of the chain so that retail stores deal directly with factories (Vendor Managed Inventory or VMI) perhaps with goods bypassing the distribution centres altogether and going direct to retail stores </li></ul>
  23. 29. The Supplier’s Perspective <ul><li>The degree of support is impressive. The manufacturer acknowledges that the margins he earns from the products he sells to IKEA are far lower than from other customers but the support he receives and the nature of the relationship he has with IKEA far outweigh this disadvantage. This includes: </li></ul><ul><li>Contractual Trust . He knows that he will always be paid within 30 days. </li></ul><ul><li>Product Life Cycles . IKEA tries to keep product life cycles as long as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Investment . If he has an opportunity to generate extra capacity that will allow him to manufacture products more cheaply for IKEA they may assist with credits . </li></ul><ul><li>IT . The supplier will be linked to ECIS, IKEA’s own system. This will allow him to have total transparency of the supply chain so that he can see IKEA sales forecasts and view inventory levels in distribution centres and stores. </li></ul><ul><li>Technical advice . IKEA staff are on hand to give advice on a number of aspects of the business from the layout and flow on the factory floor to the design of packaging. This allows the supplier to develop distinctive competences </li></ul>
  24. 30. The Logistics Perspective The Logistics Manager and the Transport Manager run logistics audits of their suppliers together to identify bottlenecks and improve processes. In TA Poland there is a clear structural distinction between transport and logistics. The essential difference is that transport deals with the present and logistics deals with the future. The Logistics Manager focuses on continuous improvement and the progression of suppliers up the supplier ladder. He will search for new ideas to smooth the flow of goods through hub and spoke systems using best sources of rail or road options. Smart logistics at IKEA also includes a very rigorous analysis of the way products are packaged – in the famous flat-pack boxes – and then loaded into containers. Damage in transit is kept to a minimum by strict guidelines and templates for loading. Photographs of damage incidents are taken and lessons learnt and disseminated. It is not uncommon to see video cameras at IKEA suppliers’ factories monitoring the loading of containers (and ensuring that there is no smuggling of illegal cargoes out of Poland). The development of highly organised hub-and-spoke distribution systems allows minimum order quantities to be kept low. It is possible for a carton, rather than a pallet or a container, to be despatched from the factory to the distribution centre where loads are then consolidated before being transmitted as containers to destinations around the globe. Road € 19/m 3 to Sweden Faster Less Reliable Eco-unfriendly 80 m 3 capacity per lorry Rail € 9/m 3 to Sweden Slower More Reliable Eco-friendly 200 m 3 capacity per waggon
  25. 31. Objectives and Future plans <ul><li>Position IKEA as the leader in the home furnishings market. </li></ul><ul><li>Deliver 60,000 visitors to the store during the four-day opening period. </li></ul><ul><li>Deliver a very aggressive sales target (the number is confidential). </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a strong sense of connection between IKEA and the local community. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Effectively communicate IKEA's personality (fun, empathetic, intelligent) and its product range (quality home furnishings for the entire home). </li></ul></ul>
  26. 32. IKEA Acacia business in South East Asia 2010 <ul><li>Annual Business value 2006: 100 Million USD </li></ul><ul><li>Acacia timber 2006: 200.000 </li></ul>
  27. 33. Concerns if to reach 100 million USD <ul><li>Secure Raw material/FSC certification </li></ul><ul><li>• Identify plantation bigger than 4000 ha. </li></ul><ul><li>• FSC is a must in the consumer markets! </li></ul><ul><li>• Promote supplying from small scale plantations </li></ul><ul><li> and farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Production efficiency/competence at supplier/quality on </li></ul><ul><li>product </li></ul><ul><li>• Efficiency and technological level still too low. </li></ul><ul><li>• Inconsistent wood supply prevents development of </li></ul><ul><li> competitive suppliers </li></ul><ul><li>Wood Price </li></ul><ul><li>• Wood prices on Acacia is the highest in South East Asia </li></ul><ul><li> (World). </li></ul><ul><li>• Increased wood and production prices can jeopardize the </li></ul><ul><li> competitiveness </li></ul>
  28. 34. Future Expansion plans <ul><li>Upcoming openings </li></ul><ul><li>Rostov, Russia - November 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Orlando, U.S.A. - November 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Istanbul II, Turkey - November 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Malaga, Spain - October 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Grenoble, France - October 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Sunrise Florida, U.S.A. - October 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Novosibirsk, Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Belfast, U.K. - December 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Coventry, U.K. - December 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Oldenburg, Germany - December 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Rostock, Germany - December 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Samara, Russia - February 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Brest, France - March 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Cincinnati, Ohio U.S.A. - March 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Shenzhen, China - March 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Kobe, Japan - April 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Slependen, Norway - April 2008 </li></ul>
  29. 35. Expansion plans in Asia ( China) <ul><li>Ikea to speed up the expansion in China from its 2007 fiscal year. </li></ul><ul><li>Ian Duffy, IKEA's president for Asia Pacific, stated Ikea achieved an increase of 38% in sales. </li></ul><ul><li>Only four stores in China in spite of nine years of existence. </li></ul><ul><li>Following a three-phase strategy in China </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A period of landing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Setting up standard stores </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing the rate of opening of new outlets. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IKEA plans a new distribution center in Shanghai , largest in Asia Pacific region and seven new stores in China in the next five years at cost of US$82 million </li></ul><ul><li>Able to handle 60 containers of merchandise a day — twice the capacity of a distribution center in Malaysia that is currently the largest in the region. </li></ul>
  30. 36. Expansion plans in India <ul><li>Although Ikea stores have yet to arrive in India, its catalogs are sold by street hawkers and bookstores in many major cities. </li></ul><ul><li>Locally made knockoffs of Ikea furniture are ubiquitous in the homes of professionals in India's rapidly modernizing cities. </li></ul><ul><li>The company has no plans to open a store anytime soon in India, in part because the nation's licensing laws for foreign-owned businesses which make it difficult. </li></ul><ul><li>The furniture industry in India is considered as a &quot;non organized&quot; sector, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Handicraft production accounts for about 85% of the furniture production in India. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The furniture sector in India only makes a marginal contribution to the formation of GDP, representing just a small percentage (about 0.5%). </li></ul></ul>
  31. 37. Social Responsibility <ul><li>Low price but not at any price </li></ul><ul><li>IKEA wants to create products with a minimum </li></ul><ul><li>impact on the environment and make sure </li></ul><ul><li>they are manufactured in a socially responsible way </li></ul>
  32. 38. Social Responsibility (contd..) <ul><li>IKEA home furnishing stores may be the first major company in the country to take a stand against the ubiquitous waste. The Swedish manufacturer will no longer be offering customers free plastic bags. </li></ul><ul><li>Every plastic bag at every IKEA store in the U.S. will cost five cents. The proceeds from the campaign will go to American Forests, the nation's oldest nonprofit citizens conservation organization, to plant trees to restore forests and offset CO2 emissions. </li></ul><ul><li>As an alternative, and to influence customer habits in an environmentally responsible direction, IKEA is reducing the cost of its reusable 'Big Blue Bag' to 59 cents, from a dollar. </li></ul><ul><li>The INGKA Foundation is officially dedicated to promoting “innovations in architecture and interior design&quot;. With an estimated net worth of $36 billion, the foundation is unofficially the world’s largest charitable organization, beating out the much better known Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, which has a net worth of approximately $33 billion. </li></ul>
  33. 39. Trivia <ul><li>IKEA stores are designed around a &quot;one-way&quot; layout which leads customers along &quot;the long natural way&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>Many stores include restaurants serving typically Swedish food, a few varieties of the local cuisine, and beverages </li></ul><ul><li>Despite its Swedish roots, IKEA is actually owned and operated by a complicated array of not-for-profit and for-profit corporations of which Stichting INGKA Foundation located in Leiden in the Netherlands is the ultimate owner. </li></ul><ul><li>The IKEA corporate structure is divided into two main parts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Franchising. </li></ul></ul>
  34. 40. Trivia (contd..) <ul><li>The IKEA trademark and concept is owned by an entirely separate Dutch company, Inter IKEA Systems. Every IKEA store, including those run by Ingka Holding, pays a 3% franchising fee to Inter IKEA Systems </li></ul><ul><li>The central purpose of IKEA’s intricate corporate structure appears to be tax avoidance. By funneling its profits through a nonprofit foundation, IKEA drastically reduces the tax burden . </li></ul><ul><li>The foundation's nonprofit status also means that the Kamprad family cannot reap these profits directly, but the Kamprads do collect a portion of IKEA sales profits through the franchising relationship between INGKA Holding and Inter IKEA Systems </li></ul>
  35. 41. Summary <ul><li>IKEA provides a functional, beautiful and </li></ul><ul><li>affordable home </li></ul><ul><li>IKEA attempts to reach good results with </li></ul><ul><li>small means </li></ul><ul><li>IKEA is “not for the rich one but for the </li></ul><ul><li>wise one” </li></ul>